Nepal, a Sovereign state in South Asia is trying to endeavour in becoming the centre for Buddhism, which is why they have decided to host a three-day event, a multinational conference which would emphasize upon the Buddhist culture and the life and living of Lord Buddha. The conference is to be held from May, 19th to 21st of May in Kathmandu, the nation’s capital city.
Ananda Prasad Pokharel, Minister for Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation addressed media in a news conference in Kathmandu on Saturday and said, Nepal is going to conduct the conference in order to further aggrandize the homeland of Lord Buddha, Lumbini, all over the globe.
The country’s government is doing the spadework to organize this multinational-level conference for the colossal publicity of the indispensable heritages left surviving in Lumbini and promulgate the concept of world peace.
A committee of 501 members has already been composed by the Council of Ministers under the headship of Minister Pokharel in order to make the conference a striking success.
On the juncture, the Vice Chairman of Lumbini Development Fund Nigrodh Siddhartha exhibited his confidence that this conference would surely aid for evolving Lumbini as a pious centre and stimulate the religious and cultural tourism of Nepal.
The government has delivered invitation to General Ban Ki-moon(UN Secretary) , premier of states of the contiguous countries and ministers for culture, high-authority representatives from various countries and federations as well as Buddhist polymaths and contemplatives for their involvement in the multinational conference.
Aakash Jakhar is an engineering graduate from Sat Kabir Institute of Technology and Management, Haryana. Twitter: @DabanggDragon
India’s economic and political strata in today’s world have reached a great level, but that is still not what the country is known for. The country is known for its diversity and religions because the term ‘religion’ in India is not just a system of belief and worship, but a way of life too. Since ancient times, it has been an integral part of its culture. For the citizens of this country, religion pervades through all the activities of life- from cooking chores to working and politics. The religion we follow plays an important role in our upbringing as well. Our conditioning is done based on the principles of our religion. India is a home to many religions- Hinduism, Sikhism, Christianity, Jainism, Buddhism, Islam and others.
How old is the Indian civilization?
The Indian civilization is around 4000 years old, with the existing Indian religions growing in that period. The antiquity of the religions in India begins from the Harappan culture. It’s a secular country which respects all kinds of religion and culture, but during the ancient times, when the Human civilization was developing, there were three main religions native to India- Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The predominant religion during this period was Hinduism, which is said have originated in the Northern India.
Religion wise Indian Population:
HINDUISM – about 82%
ISLAM – about 12%
CHRISTIANITY – about 2.5%
SIKHISM – about 2%
BUDDHISM – about 0.7%
JAINISM – about 0.5%
ZOROASTRIANISM – about 0.01%
JUDAISM – about 0.0005% (stated by adaniel.tripod)
Hinduism is a polytheistic religion. Its followers worship several deities. Unlike the other religions, this religion does not have one teacher. Its followers, the ‘Hindus’ believe in a supreme divine spirit called ‘Parama Brahma’. The concept of Parama Brahma states that Brahma is omnipresent.
Hindus believe in vasudhaiva kutumbakam, which means the whole world is a single family. They also believe in Sarva dharma Sama Bhava, which means all religions are equal. The practice follows the ideas of mercy, charity, compassion, benevolence, non-violence and mercy. It believes the concept of ‘Bhakti’ or devotion.
The sacred writings of Hinduism include the Vedas, Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Upanishads.
According to tradition, the founder of Jainism was first Tirthankara Adinatha. However, the religion was widely propagated by the 24th Tirthankara, Mahavira. He was born in Vaishali, Bihar, who belonged to the clan ‘Licchavi’. Mahavira was moved by the sufferings of people, and therefore, left his home at the age of 30 to seek the truth. He supported the teachings of the previous Tirthankaras, and added his own beliefs to the teachings.
He believed in the ideology of leading a good life and not doing any wrong. He did not encourage the practice of needing the help of God for everything.
Doctrines of Jainism:
Buddhism is a religion which consists of different kinds of beliefs and practices based on the teachings of Lord Buddha. Buddha’s name was Siddhartha. He was the son of the Shakya clan’s leader. It is believed that Siddhartha made three observations, which changed his life: a feeble old man; a person suffering from disease; and a dead body being taken for cremation. This propelled him in finding the true meaning of life. He left his home at an early age and attained ‘enlightenment’ in Bodhgaya.
He also prescribed the four noble truths and eight fold path.
Four noble truths are:
Dukkha (truth of suffering)
Samudāya (truth of the suffering’s origin)
Nirodha (the truth of suffering’s cessation.)
Magga (Direction to eight-fold path)
The eight fold path are- Right aims, Right beliefs, Right conduct, Right speech, Right effort, Right occupation, Right meditation and Right thinking.
-by Megha Acharya of NewsGram. Megha can be reached at twitter @ImMeghaacharya.