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Plane crash killed Subash Chandra Bose claims website

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New Delhi: Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose died in the plane crash on August 18, 1945, contended a website. It quoted his interpreter saying that the revolutionary leader had a calm and maintained composure despite having extensive burns all over his body which left everyone present at the Nanmon Military hospital in Taipei ”surprised”.

The website — www.bosefiles.info — which has been coming out with posts to corroborate the theory that Bose died hours after the afternoon plane crash on the outskirts of an airfield in Taipei, quoted the testimonies given at various times by five people who were present during the great leader’s final hours.

The witnesses included Nakamura — whose first name, according to the site was either Yoshikazu or Juichi — an interpreter who had worked with Bose during his visits to Taipei in 1943 and 1944.

Deposing before the 1956 Netaji Inquiry Committee headed by Shah Nawaz Khan, Nakamura said there was “not a word of complaint either of pain or suffering from his lips…This composure of Netaji surprised all of us.”

He said after Bose expired, the Japanese officers in the room stood in one line and saluted his body.

Captain Taneyoshi Yoshimi of the Japanese Army, who was the medical officer in charge of the hospital, claimed on October 19, 1946, that he had personally cleaned Bose’s injuries with oil and dressed them.

Yoshimi’s testimony, given at Stanley Gaol in Hong Kong where he was imprisoned by British authorities after World War II, was recorded by Captain Alfred Turner of the War Crimes Liaison Section of Taiwan, the website claimed.

“When he (Bose) was laid on the bed (of the hospital), I personally cleaned his injuries with oils and dressed them. He was suffering from extensive burns over the whole of his body though the most serious were those on his head, chest and thighs. There was very little left on his head in the way of hair or other identification marks,” said Yoshimi.

He also said: “As most of his speaking was in English, a request for an interpreter was made, and one was sent from the civil government offices named Nakamura. He informed me that he had very often interpreted for (Subhas) Chandra Bose and had had many conversations with him. He appeared to have no doubt that the man he was speaking with was Chandra Bose.”

“After the fourth hour (following his admission to the hospital), he appeared to be sinking into unconsciousness. He murmured and muttered in his state of coma, but never regained consciousness. At about 23.00 hours he died.”

In an interview to Ashis Ray, creator of www.bosefiles.info, in 1995, Yoshimi said: “A lieutenant called Nonomiya told me this is Mr Chandra Bose, a very important person, and that I should save his life at any cost. That’s how I knew who he (Bose) was.”

When it became obvious to him that Bose’s condition was sinking, he asked Bose: “What can I do for you?”

Bose replied: “I feel as if blood is rushing to my head. I would like to sleep a while.” Yoshimi gave him an injection. After some time, he was no more.

Another Japanese doctor, who treated Bose, was Toyoshi Tsuruta.

Between May and July of 1946, LtCol JG Figgess of the British Army interrogated Tsuruta.

Tsuruta submitted to Figgess: “Bose asked him in English if he would sit with him throughout the night. However, shortly after seven o’clock (in the evening) he suffered a relapse and although the doctor once again administered a camphor injection, he sank into a coma and died shortly afterwards.”

Taiwanese nurse Tsan Pi Sha, who claimed to be by Bose’s side at the hospital, told visiting journalist Harin Shah in September 1946, that Bose breathed his last “on 18 August last year (1945)”.

She said: “I am a surgical nurse and took care of him till he died… I was instructed to apply olive oil all over his body and that I did.”

“Whenever he regained briefly his consciousness, he felt thirsty. With slight groaning, he would ask for water. I gave him water several times.”

The fifth witness was Netaji’s associate Colonel Habibur Rehman, who survived the crash.

The death of Subhas Chandra Bose is one of the biggest mysteries in the Indian modern history.(IANS)(Image: Youthconnect)

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All You Need To Know About India’s Strategic Chabahar Port

The Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar, which is on the Gulf of Oman, near Iran-Pakistan border.

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Chabahar Port is of great international significance in terms of trade, especially for India. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port is of great international significance in terms of trade, especially for India. Wikimedia Commons

By Ruchika Verma

  • The Chabahar Port is of great strategic importance for India
  • It is in Iran and is being built and operated by India
  • This port will increase India’s trade with Central Asia and Europe

The Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar, which is on the Gulf of Oman, near Iran-Pakistan border. Chabahar is the trans-shipment and logistics hub for the Makran Coast and Baluchistan province of Iran.

Chabahar Port is built and operated by India. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port is built and operated by India. Wikimedia Commons

The tension between India and Pakistan is nothing new. There are several instances where both the countries have tried to obstruct each other’s political or economic agendas. This obstruction, along with other strategic reasons, resulted in the India and Iran’s deal on the Chabahar Port, which is crucial because of several reasons.

Here are few things about it you may not have known before :

  • Under the Trilateral Transit and Transport Agreement of 2016, the Chabahar port is the gateway to the Transport Corridor between India, Iran and Afghanistan, which allows multi-modal goods’ and passengers’ transport.

Also Read: India and Iran sign agreement to develop Chabahar Port

  • The agreement also states that India will develop and operate two berths in the first phase of the port. The contract is for 10 years and extendable. This time period excludes the first two years as they will be used for construction.
Chabahar Port will make India's trade with Afghanistan easier. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port will make India’s trade with Afghanistan easier. Wikimedia Commons
  • The Chabahar Port’s first phase, which was developed by India, and inaugurated by Iran on 4th December 2017, is of great strategic importance as it makes it easier for India to conduct trade with Central Asia and Europe.
  • Iran’s Chabahar port is also important for India’s trade because of Pakistan’s reluctance in allowing India to send goods to Iran and Afghanistan through its land territory.

Also Read: Gwadar Port: China Turning Pakistan Port Into Regional Giant 

  • The development of Chabahar Port will increase the momentum of the International North-South Transport Corridor whose signatories include India, Afghanistan and Russia. Iran is the key gateway in this project. It will improve India’s trade with Central Asia as well as Europe.
    The Chabahar Port has also reduced Afghanistan’s dependence on the transit road, which went through Karachi. Now, trade can be conducted via Chabahar Port too. Islamabad has accused India of trying to use this development as a means to destabilise Pakistan.

    The Chabar Port is the said to be the counter to the Gwadar Port. Wikimedia Commons
    The Chabar Port is the said to be the counter to the Gwadar Port. Wikimedia Commons
  • The Chabahar Port also acts as a counter to the barely 100 km away, Gwadar port in Pakistan, which is developed by China. However, Iran has defended that Chabahar is not a rival to Gwadar and Pakistan is invited to join in its development.
  • In October 2017, India sent its first shipment of wheat to through Chabahar to Afghanistan, in order to test the viability of the route.
  • India will also construct a 900-km Chabahar-Zahedan-hajigak railway line that will connect Port of Chabahar to Hajigak in Afghanistan. It will also connect Mashad in the north, providing access to Turkmenistan as well as northern Afghanistan.This project is worth $1.6 billion.

    India will supply $400 million worth of steel rails to Tehrain. Wikimedia Commons
    India will supply $400 million worth of steel rails to Tehran. Wikimedia Commons
  • It is being said that India will supply $400 million of steel rails to Tehran. There are also possibilities of setting up a fertilizer plant through a joint venture with the Iranian government.