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Teenage problems of Indian girls

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News Delhi: The most critical and sensitive phase of a person’s life is adolescence. Marked by rapid physical growth, a lot of psychological changes also take place during this period. Neither does a person remain a child nor does he/she become an adult.

In a developing country like India, the time is more critical, especially for girls. There is no denying the fact that India is a male chauvinistic society and females are not considered to be at par with the males.

Lack of awareness and knowledge coupled with social norms make matters tougher for the girls. However, proper parental care and change attitude of the society would facilitate the girls to grow and use their potentials.

Malnutrition and anemia: Despite India graduating into a near-digital nation, the notion that the male child will have the best share of food and nutrition is still prevailing. It is embedded in the psyche that females are born to do household chores and thus need less food. This has highly contributed to the rise in the cases of malnutrition. Widespread poverty and price hike have also facilitated the disease to spread like wildfire.

Worm infestations and menstrual abnormalities, both menorrhagia and polymenorrhea also cause anemia. Ensuring proper sanitation facilities would help in curbing the menace.

Menstruation-related issues: Problems related to menstrual cycle are also common in India. The age of the normal menarche may vary from 12 to 16 years and it depends on numerous factors.  Late menarche, a common disorder, is due to lack of nutrition as being underweight is a major factor menarche.  The length of the menstrual cycle may vary from 21 to 41 days. Initial menstrual cycles are anovulatory and are relatively longer. These cycles become regular after 2 to 2.5 years, so initial irregular menstrual cycles need not to be feared.

Many myths surround the normal menstruation. Educating them about this physiological condition enables them to understand many of the problems and allows their normal activities with no restrictions during menstruation.

Whereas malnutrition leads to poor cognitive function, general ill health affects their potential to achieve the best in studies and other activities. Although iron supplementation is given for adolescent girls to treat anemia but it is healthier to improve their overall diet as these girls have diets deficient in calories, proteins, and other essential nutrients.

A good diet is essential for proper growth and development of adolescents. Vitamin D and calcium enriched diet and proper exercises help in building up the bone mass. In females, bone mass starts declining after 30 years of age. A low bone mass in an adolescent is a risk factor for osteoporosis at a later age.

Early sexual exposure can lead to many problems like STDs and reproductive tract infections. Sexually transmitted infections may persist as chronic or recurrent infections and may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease involving cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection acquired at this age may later lead to premalignant or malignant changes in the cervix. Early sexual exposure may also lead to teenage pregnancies, it may affect the health of the woman and may have long-term consequences physically and psychologically. Thus, Health education including sex education should be accessible to all adolescents.

Mood swings: Mood swings are very common in teenage girls. However, these are normal due to physiological changes in body but parent should make sure it is not depression. Teenagers go through much emotional turmoil at this age and the problem might get raked up if the parents ignore them. Psychological problems like emotional disturbances, depression, low self-esteem, anxiety and eating disorders may also affect the health of adolescent. Psychological support and counseling can help them with these problems.

A good relationship with parents, other family members, teachers and positive friends will help adolescent enjoy a positive health leading to healthy adulthood.

Our relentless support to India’s betis (girls) will not only build a healthy nation but will help in building a colossal human resource.

(Picture Courtesy: amysmartgirls.com)

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Few Tips For Parenting Boys, Which Will Make Them Kind And Gentle

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Parenting boys.
Parenting boys. Pixabay.

The upbringing of a child plays a major role in how that child turns out to be in real life. In a country like India, where the crime rate concerning female sexual molestation and rape is high, upbringing by parents is often questioned. Parenting boys become a significant factor to prevent such crimes. From their very childhood, they should be taught to respect women and the quality of being gentle and sensitive. Crime rates are one thing, but many times, unknowingly, we pass comments which are sexist and derogatory. For example, a parent may often scold his/her son by saying, “don’t cry like a girl”. These statements showcase women as inferior to men. This makes the elders responsible for first discerning the concept of parenting boys well.

Below are a Few Tips for Parenting Boy

Be The Ideal Role Model

Most boys look up to their fathers as a superhero. Therefore, it becomes the responsibility of the fathers to act like one. They should be the ideal father figures who instil values and responsibilities in their sons. The fathers must model the behavior to teach their sons the men they hope them to become. Mothers should also act as the same role model to their sons by inculcating good values in them.

Teach Them As To How To Deal With Emotions

When your son is upset or feeling low and wants to vent his feelings, then don’t stop him. Don’t just say: Be strong or Be a man! Talk to them. Make them realize how important is it to act mature at tough times. Don’t hush them by stopping their tears. Instead, understand the reason behind those tears so that they become stronger persons for the tougher times to come in life.

3. Teaching Empathy

One of the biggest things which parents should keep in mind, especially when parenting boys, is to teach them to be more empathetic. Kids of today’s times are more aggressive than how kids used to be 20 or 30 years ago. And one of the biggest reasons of this is technology. Boys are much more attracted towards violent video games, which make them more aggressive and numb towards human emotions.

Also Read: Relationship Advice : If a Guy Makes You Choose, Choose Yourself over Him 

Don’t Hold Back Your Care And Affection

Just because your son has grown up and needs to be strong should not be mean that he doesn’t deserve the same amount of care and affection as he used to when he was a child. Parents after their kids reach adolescence get distant from them. At this age, parents try to tutor their kids, especially their sons. Being under constant instruction without the same amount of care and affection being rendered, they’ll disconnect and never share what needs to be shared.

5. Give Freedom To Sons For Making Important Decisions

If you want your son to not go off the track, then trust him and let him take important decisions of his life. Your decision to give him the freedom to make decisions of life will make him think that he has grown mature, and he would start understanding his responsibilities well. He will also be able to distinguish between right and wrong. This is one of the most important things to keep in mind while parenting boys.

-by Megha Acharya of NewsGram. Megha can be reached at @ImMeghaacharya.

 

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Grey Matter Volume generally Decrease with Age, its density actually Increases during Adolescence: Study

Grey matter density, a measure often assumed to be highly related to volume, has not been systematically investigated in development

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Representative Image, Wikimedia

New York, May 26, 2017: While grey matter volume generally decrease with age, its density actually increases during adolescence, new research has found.

Grey matter is found in regions of the brain responsible for muscle control, sensory perception such as seeing and hearing, memory, emotions, speech, decision-making, and self-control.

For years, the common narrative in human developmental neuro-imaging has been that grey matter in the brain declines in adolescence, a finding derived mainly from studies of grey matter volume and cortical thickness –the thickness of the outer layers of brain that contain grey matter.

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Grey matter density, a measure often assumed to be highly related to volume, has not been systematically investigated in development.

Th new study published in the Journal of Neuroscience revealed that while volume indeed decreases from childhood to young adulthood, grey matter density actually increases.

“We now have a richer, fuller concept of what happens during brain development,” said Ruben Gur, Professor at Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, US.

Since it has been well-established that larger brain volume is associated with better cognitive performance, it was puzzling that cognitive performance shows a dramatic improvement from childhood to young adulthood at the same time that brain volume and cortical thickness decline.

The new findings can help solve this puzzle. The study also showed that while females have lower brain volume, proportionate to their smaller size, they have higher grey matter density than males, which could explain why their cognitive performance is comparable despite having lower brain volume.

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Thus, while adolescents lose brain volume, and females have lower brain volume than males, this is compensated for by increased density of grey matter.

In the study, the researchers evaluated 1,189 youth between the ages of 8 and 23 who completed magnetic resonance imaging as part of the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort, a community-based study of brain development.

The study includes rich neuroimaging and cognitive data, to look at age-related effects on multiple measures of regional grey matter, including gray matter volume, gray matter density, and cortical thickness.

Neuroimaging allowed the researchers to derive several measures of human brain structure in a noninvasive way.

Observing such measures during development allowed the researchers to study the brain at different ages to characterise how a child’s brain differs from an adult’s.

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The study may better explain the extent and intensity of changes in mental life and behavior that occur during the transition from childhood to young adulthood.

“If we are puzzled by the behavior of adolescents, it may help to know that they need to adjust to a brain that is changing in its size and composition at the same time that demands on performance and acceptable behavior keep scaling up,” Gur added. (IANS)

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25 Surprising Facts that you should know about a Teen’s Mind!

Facts on teenage habits

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Teenage girls are very sensitive about their looks. Wikimedia Commons.

October 28, 2016: Teenagers form an important part of society. Adolescence is also a very tricky stage of life when one is neither a child nor an adult. Lack of proper understanding of the stage leads to confusion and as a result, creates circumstances when most of the teenagers are often misunderstood by society.

Here are some facts about teenagers and their habits:

  • Looks are very important to teenagers, especially girls! Around 70 percent of girls aged between 15 to 17 years try avoiding daily routine, even attending school because they think they don’t look good enough.
  • Low self-esteem can a have very serious impact on adolescents. Statistics show that 75 percent of girls with low self-esteem engaged in self-detrimental activities such as smoking, cutting etc. , whereas only 25 percent of girls with high self-esteem engaged in such negative activities.
  • Depression is becoming shockingly common among teenagers. Studies show that nearly 20 percent teens go through depression at least one before reaching adulthood.
  • Teenagers, especially girls, strongly wish to have better communication with their parents.
  • Around 6 percent of middle and high school boys admit that they have tried steroids. 38 percent admitted using protein supplements.
  • 7 out of every 10 girls don’t feel confident about their looks, school performance and social life.
  • The self-esteem of a girl depends more on her own perspective of her body and weight rather than the actual facts.
  • Prescription drugs have killed more teenagers than heroin and cocaine combined!
  • Statistics show that 1 out of 9 high school seniors has tried synthetic marijuana.
  • Nearly 64 percent teenagers who have admitted to using pain relievers admit that they got them from their friends and relatives.
  • Youngsters who drink alcohol regularly are around 50 times more likely to abuse the teens who don’t drink.
  • In 2012, a total of 15 percent high school seniors used prescription drugs. Almost 35 percent of them admit that regular use is risky.
  • Nearly 28 percent of adolescents know a friend who has tried ecstasy. 17 percent of them know multiple users.
  • By the time teenagers reach 8th grade, 29.5 percent of them have tried alcohol, 15.5 percent have smoked cigarettes, and 15 percent have tried marijuana.
  • Teens whose parents communicate with them on a regular basis about the dangers of drugs are 42 percent less likely to try drugs than those whose parents don’t. However, only one- fourth  of the teens report having these talks.
  • Less than 2% of teenagers have had sex by the time they reach 12 years of age. But teenage  is a time of quick change. Only 6% of teens have had sex by age 15, compared with one-third of those aged 16, nearly half (48%) of those aged 17, 61% of 18-year-olds and 71% of 19-year-olds. There is a little difference by gender in the timing of first sex.
  • More than 50 percent of all teenagers aged 15-19 has tried oral sex. 55 percent of boys and 54 percent of girls have given or received oral sex, while 49 percent of boys and 53 percent of girls have had intercourse.
  • On average, young people have sex for the first time when they become 17 years old.
  • Around  1 million adolescents  every year becomes pregnant. Up to 95 % of those pregnancies were unplanned and unwanted.
  • 3 in 10 teenage mothers do not finish  high school. The ones who do complete high school are less likely to start  college than non-teen mothers.
  • The rate of Teenage pregnancy  is  directly dependent  on  the income and education  of the adolescent ‘s  family. Almost 50 percent  of the girls living in poverty will become pregnant before reaching adulthood.
  • For every sexually active teenager, one out of four will get an STD within a year.
  • European adolescents  are more likely than American  teens to use contraceptives  ; hence they  have considerably lower pregnancy rates.
  • Three percent of males and 8% of females between 18 and 19 years of age in 2006–2008 admitted  their sexual orientation as homosexual or bisexual. During the same period, 12% of females aged 18–19 admitted same-sex behaviours (any sexual experience, including oral sex), compared to 4% of males in the same age-group.
  • CDC researchers have studied that 2.2 percent of American adults aged 14-39 had Chlamydia. Almost  1 out of 20 women aged 14-19, 4.6 percent, were infected. In 2003, 877,478 such cases were reported in the U.S, making it the most commonly reported STD, the CDC said.
  • Around 50 percent of all new STDs in 2000 occurred among youth aged between 15 to 24.

– by Pragya Arora of NewsGram. Twitter: @Wanderlust6400