Sunday October 22, 2017

World Aids Day : World Health Organization (WHO) Issues New Guidelines on HIV Self-Testing

This year, World Health Organization (WHO) issued new guidelines on HIV self-testing

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Representational image. (Twitter)

December 1, 2016: For nearly three decades every December 1 is observed as World Aids Day. AIDS has killed 35 million people since the start of the pandemic. It has left millions of  the orphans in its wake. Every year, 2 million people acquire the virus, and the U.N. estimates that more than 1 million people die from the virus annually.

Taboos related to sex and AIDS is so deep rooted that often people shy away even testing HIV. So this year, World Health Organization (WHO) issued new guidelines on HIV self-testing.

• According to the latest WHO progress report, “lack of an HIV diagnosis is a major obstacle to implementing the Organization’s recommendation that everyone with HIV should be offered antiretroviral therapy (ART).”

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• “Millions of people with HIV are still missing out on life-saving treatment, which can also prevent HIV transmission to others,” said WHO Director-General Margaret Chan in the release.

• The easy self-testing kit will give the results in just “20 minutes”.

• The WHO report says, “HIV self-testing means people can use oral fluid or blood- finger-pricks to discover their status in a private and convenient setting.”

• The basic care facility and counseling centers to help the patients is already ensured by the UN. Not only that, they would also help the patients to fight against the social stigma which is attached to it.

• The report also focuses on how testing is low among people who are involved in the same-sex relationships, sex workers, transgender, drug addicts and prisoners.

• WHO’s self-testing kits are provided by for free. It also supports other measures that would help people get other such kits at low prices.

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• The release highlights, “HIV self-testing is a way to reach more people with undiagnosed HIV and represents a step forward to empower individuals, diagnose people earlier before they become sick, bring services closer to where people live, and create demand for HIV testing. This is particularly important for those people facing barriers to accessing existing services.”

• WHO hopes that this will have a positive impact and it will be helping those is affected. The organization also urged all the nations to come together and fight, in order to end it by 2030.

– by Pinaz Kazi of NewsGram with inputs from various agencies. Twitter: @PinazKazi

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What Is a Cost of National Pardon in Canada?

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Pardon service

If you need a national pardon in Canada, then you’re probably worried about the pardon costs.

In fact, there is nothing worried about, you just need to be familiar with the process, the ins and outs and other elements that you should avoid.  Read down the page to learn more about what you will have to pay for your pardon.

Get An Offer, Pick A Good Price

Firstly, the National Pardon Centre offers particular deals to help you complete the pardon application regularly and appropriately. For example, the suggested support is the Premium Pardon Services, which amounted to $695 plus taxes, but the expenses and courtroom charges are involved, and your service is fast.

Additionally, you get help via phone or email in case you need it. This deal can help you find the right documents and signatures, in addition to follow the government prerequisites for finger prints, criminal background checks, and so on.

Another offer is the Executive Pardon Support, that amounted to $1,995 plus taxes. This is well suited for business owners who need the National Pardon Centre to find the home or office to help professionally with the rates and application paperwork. The senior administration team will even conserve the fees of a law enforcement check at the same time.

Additional Rates and Expenses

Any extra costs and charges for a national pardon will probably be based mostly on the person and their particular situations. For example, the Professional Pardon Service involves the expense of a law enforcement criminal record check, but the Quality Pardon Service doesn’t.

The authorities check is essential for getting a national pardon. Therefore it can’t be ignored. After that, you will need more assistance from a legal professional or attorney, and you’ll have to pay the costs for almost any additional criminal background checks, disbursement costs, and court fees. The handling fees are based on the RCMP, particular law enforcement stations, the Legal courts, the Parole Panel of Canada.

Paying for It

If you’re uneasy about how to pay for most of these expenses and service charges, remember that the National Pardon Centre offers payment options where you can make the payments on a monthly basis to be able to pay back all of the charges and costs successfully.

Also remember that the Minister of Community Safety, Goodale, wants to reduce the high costs for the application charges (in the year 2012 the Conservative authorities knocked it up from $150 to $631.) This ought to help to reduce the stress of paying for the pardon.

The National Pardon center decides pardons and waivers for your help to give the latest guidance. They have on-site fingerprinting so you can easily be confident that your document is safe. Pardon commences with fingerprinting in order to bargain with pardons and waivers.

Most of these fingerprints are usually non-criminal with RCMP. Canadian pardon is actually an approach to standalone your criminal history and is not really for revealing in line with the legal bindings.

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Anti-dengue Antibody Drug May Neutralize Zika Virus

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Zika spreading mosquito
Aedes aegypti mosquito, the species of mosquito primarily responsible for the spread of the Zika virus. (southcom)

Washington, Sep 26: An anti-dengue antibody-based drug could potentially protect a mother and her foetus from the deadly Zika virus as well, suggests new research.

In experiments with mice, the researchers found that an antibody that protects against dengue virus is also effective against Zika.

“We found that this antibody not only neutralises the dengue virus but, in mice, protects both adults and foetuses from Zika disease,” said Michael Diamond, Professor at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and senior author of the study published in the journal Nature Immunology.

Antibodies remain in the bloodstream for weeks, so one or a few doses of an antibody-based drug given over the course of a woman’s pregnancy potentially could protect her foetus from Zika, with the added benefit of protecting her from both Zika and dengue disease, the researchers said.

Dengue causes high fever, severe headaches, and joint and muscle pain in children and adults but does not directly harm foetuses.

Since dengue and Zika are related viruses, the researchers reasoned that an antibody that prevents dengue disease may do the same for Zika.

In collaboration with Gavin Screaton of Imperial College London, who had generated a panel of human anti-dengue antibodies years before, the scientists infected nonpregnant adult mice with Zika virus and then administered one of the anti-dengue antibodies one, three or five days after infection.

For comparison, another group of mice was infected with Zika virus and then given a placebo.

Within three weeks of infection, more than 80 per cent of the untreated mice had died, whereas all of the mice that received the anti-dengue antibody within three days of infection were still alive, and 40 per cent of those that received the antibody five days after infection survived.

To find out whether the antibody also could protect foetuses from infection, the researchers infected female mice on the sixth day of their pregnancies with Zika virus and then administered a dose of antibody or a placebo one or three days later.

On the 13th day of gestation, the amount of Zika’s genetic material were significantly lower in the placentas and in the foetal heads from the pregnant mice that were treated one day after infection, compared with mice that received the placebo.

However, administering the antibody three days after infection was less effective, the findings showed.

These findings suggest that for the antibody to effectively protect foetuses from Zika infection, it must be administered soon after infection.

Such a goal may be unrealistic clinically because women rarely know when they get infected.

However, giving women the antibody as soon as they know they are pregnant could provide them with a ready-made defence against the virus should they encounter it.

“We mutated the antibody so that it could not cause antibody enhancement of dengue infection, and it was still protective,” said Diamond.

“So now we have a version of the antibody that would be therapeutic against both viruses and safe for use in a dengue-endemic area because it is unable to worsen disease,” Diamond added.(IANS)

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Haryana Police conducts raids in Delhi for Honeypreet, Aditya Insan

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honeypreet & gurmeet singh ram rahim insaan
Image: ians

Chandigarh, Sep 26 (IANS) The Haryana Police on Tuesday conducted raids in the national capital in a bid to arrest fugitive Honeypreet and Aditya Insan, close aides of jailed Dera Sacha Sauda sect chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh.

Police sources said here that the raids were being conducted in Delhi and nearby areas of the National Capital Region (NCR).

One raid was being conducted in a house in Greater Kailash-II in south Delhi.

The move came a day after Honeypreet, whose real name is Priyanka Taneja, moved the Delhi High Court seeking anticipatory transit bail.

A court in Panchkula, adjoining Chandigarh, on Monday issued arrest warrants against Honeypreet, Aditya Insan and Pawan Insan.

All three were booked by the Haryana Police on charges of sedition, inciting violence and being involved in the conspiracy to help the Dera chief escape after his conviction by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court on August 25 on two counts of raping female disciples in 1999.

The Haryana Police had sounded an international alert against all three.

Honeypreet, in her mid-30s, is on the run since August 25, hours after Ram Rahim was convicted.

She has been the closest aide of Ram Rahim since 2009. The police is on her trail for nearly a month and raids have been conducted in Nepal, Rajasthan, Bihar and Haryana.

Honeypreet, who used to claim that she was Ram Rahim’s “adopted daughter”, starred as the main heroine in five films he directed, produced and acted in, in three years.

Last week, Honeypreet’s former husband, Vishwas Gupta accused her and Ram Rahim of having illicit relations and said their father-daughter relationship was a sham to fool followers.

Ram Rahim has been sentenced to 20 years of rigorous imprisonment and a fine of over Rs 30 lakh.

His conviction led to violence in Panchkula and Sirsa in Haryana, leaving 38 people dead and 264 injured. Isolated incidents of violence were also reported from Delhi and several other places in Punjab. (IANS)