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10 acres alloted for establishment of Sanskrit College in Mata Mansa Devi complex

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Sanskrit
Image source: wikimapia.org

Chandigarh: The Mata Mansa Devi Shrine Board (MMDSB) has finally accepted to establish a Post Graduate Sanskrit College after four repeated reminders from the Higher Education department. The college will be set up in the vicinity of the temple under a reserved area of 10 acres.

As proposed, the institution which is to be named after Mata Mansa Devi Mandir will provide undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Sanskrit for students. It will be built in the Mansa Devi complex near Shri Laxmi Bhawan Dharamshala. Yoga classes are also suggested to be conducted.

V G Goel, the CEO of MMDSB, believes the institution would prove to be of great significance for Indian culture, heritage and dissemination of Sanskrit. He said: “It will be an institution of higher learning for those who want to learn Sanskrit, and will prepare pandits and pujaris of not only national but international importance. Sanskrit is a language of immense significance globally.”

The Shrine Board would bear the cost of construction and annual expenditure, as per the proposal. However, the recurring expenditure on payment of faculties will be borne by the government. A total of 105 acres in the Mansa Devi Complex is owned by the Board. It further receives a cash donation of about Rs 15 crore per annum.

The institution will follow the guidelines issued by the Education Department, Haryana, and University Grants Commission (UGC).

In the meantime, the Board has also proposed that classes could be started from Shri Laxmi Bhawan Dharamshala, which has 45 rooms and six halls. The proposal is yet to be approved by the department.

The proposal to set up the university was suggested by the BJP led government in October 2014 after it came into power in Haryana.

The Education Minister Ram Bilas Sharma made the announcement initially when he visited the shrine early in 2015; however, the principle approval was given by Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar in his meeting with the shrine board in November 2015.

Khattar announced about the Sanskrit university’s setup with the intention to spread the use of the language by providing proper teaching and training to students.

The Department of Higher Education, Haryana, will now analyze the proposal on different scales of finances, curriculum, strength of students, following which it will be suggested for final approval by the government. (Inputs from indianexpress.com)

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Cameroon Starts a Program to Save Its Native Languages

Here's How Cameroon Plans to Save Disappearing Languages

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Native languages
A teacher writes in Ewondo, one of Cameroon's native languages, at a school in Yaounde. VOA

Cameroon is commemorating International Mother Language Day, February 21, by launching what it calls an ambitious program to save its endangered national languages.

The central African state has over 260 national languages, but only 40 are taught in schools.  Cameroonians speak mostly French and English, which are foreign but official languages and part of an entrenched separatist conflict that has cost about 3,000 lives since 2017.

At the multilingual and inclusive government primary school Yaounde, 150 children between the ages of five and 11 years old learn how to count in Ewondo, a Cameroon national language spoken in the country’s central and southern regions. The students are also taught the national anthem and patriotic songs in Cameroon national languages.

Businessman Emmanuel Mbom, 31 years old, says he is satisfied at the progress made by his six-year old son at the school.

Native languages
Fabienne Freeland, director general of the nongovernmental organization Summer Institute of Linguistics, helps Cameroon in promoting the teaching of its native languages. VOA

“In my situation, my wife and I speak two different languages, native languages so my children try to pick what they can pick,” Mbom said.

Mbom says he is confused about which language to teach his children because his language is Sawa, spoken in the Littoral and Southwest regions of Cameroon, and his wife is from the Northwestern town of Nkambe, where the Limbum language is spoken.

Cameroon’s secretary of state in the ministry of basic education, Asheri Kilo, says she is satisfied with the level of interest the children display at speaking their national language.

“It is very impressive the way the children are taken into learning their languages, and I decided to check how many children are from other regions rather than Yaounde and I figured that there were children from all the 10 regions in Cameroon,” she said.

Cameroon has 260 national languages spoken by an estimated 25 million people in the 10 regions of the country. It is one of the countries the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) classifies as a distinctive cultural density on the linguistic map of the world.

However, the central African state inherited two foreign languages from its French and English colonial masters as official languages, with 80 percent of the population speaking French and 20 percent English.

Fabienne Freeland, director general of the nongovernmental organization Summer Institute of Linguistics that helps Cameroon in promoting the teaching and learning of its national languages, says the official languages have not been effective tools of communication.

“French and English has its limits on development in this country,” Freeland said. “When there was a cholera outbreak in the far north, it is only when the information started coming in Fufulde that people started changing behavior and the cholera was stopped.”

Native languages
Asheri Kilo, secretary of state in Cameroon’s ministry of basic education, is encouraged by students’ interests in learning their native languages. VOA

Cameroon’s national institute of statistics reports that four percent of the central African states’ local languages — including the Mbiame language spoken in the country’s English-speaking Northwest Region and the Ekung language in the South — have disappeared since 1950. Ten percent of the 260 languages are neglected and seven percent are threatened.

Seraphine Ben Boli, who heads the program to promote the use of Cameroon national languages, says a pilot program that is being implemented in the 10 regions of the country to save the remaining mother tongues from disappearing.

She says the ministry of basic or elementary education is experimenting with the teaching of five national languages in 43 schools throughout Cameroon. The languages chosen, for now, are Ewondo, Bassa, Douala, Womala and Fufulde, because of their national popularity. She says apart from the experimental schools, teachers in all educational establishments have received instructions and training to teach Cameroon national languages spoken in the areas where their schools are found.

Boli said Cameroon will decide by 2030 on which of the languages can be used as an official language, added to English and French. She said by so doing, they intend to solve the separatist crisis that has within the past four years claimed at least 3,000 lives just because people are divided as a result of two inherited colonial languages.

Separatists have been fighting to create an English-speaking state out of the French-speaking majority. The separatists say the education, legal system and cultural practices they inherited from their British colonial masters are different from those left by the French, who colonized the French-speaking regions of the country. Cameroon believes by having its own national language as an official language, many of its citizens will feel like Cameroonians, unlike in the past when they considered themselves either French or English.

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UNESCO says it celebrates mother tongue day because it believes in the importance of cultural and linguistic diversity for sustainable societies and it is within its mandate for peace that it works to preserve the differences in cultures and languages that foster tolerance and respect for others. (VOA)