Monday June 25, 2018

126th Death Anniversary of Mahatma Jyotirao Phule: Few facts about the Social Reformer

Mahatma Jyotirao Phule and his Savitribai Phule's statue. Wikimedia Commons

November 28, 2016: It’s the 126th death anniversary of social reformer Mahatma Jyotirao Phule. Jyotirao Phule. Here are a few of the facts you would like to know about him:

  • Jyotirao Phule was born in Satara district of Maharashtra. His father was a vegetable vendor, Govindrao his mother’s name was Chimana.

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  • Phule understood the importance of education and felt that the society will remain in darkness if each and every individual doesn’t get a proper education.
  • In 1848, he gave a shape to his aspirations and started the first ever school for girls.
  • He, who educated his wife asked her to teach the girls and since she shared the same idealistic beliefs as her husband gladly agreed to do so.
  • The society was however not ready to accept it. Phule and his wife were forced to leave their house.

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  • In 1851, he opened up a bigger girls’ school and for girls of all castes, religions, and sections of the society. He too started teaching there.
  • He was also against child-marriage and believed in widow remarriage, but these initiatives were unaccepted by the orthodox community.
  • He also strongly opposed untouchability. He and his wife always open-heartedly welcomed the so-called lower caste people. This made the people of their own caste angry, but it never bothered them.
  • In 1873, Jyotirao Phule established the ‘Satya Shodhak Samaj’. Its main aim was to liberate the so-called lower castes from all kinds of exploitation.
  • Jyotirao Phule tried his best to create a society based on equality and unity.
  • In May 1888, Rao Bahadur Vithalrao Krishnaji Vandekar, the great reformer from Mumbai gave Jyotirao Phule the title of “Mahatma” for his selfless services to humanity.

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  • In July 1888, he suffered a paralytic stroke. He suffered from ill health for the next couple of years and died in November 1890, surrounded by family and friends.

– by Pinaz Kazi of NewsGram. Twitter: @PinazKazi

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Raja Chari: Indian American Astronaut chosen by NASA

Raja Chari, an American of Indian descent, has been chosen by NASA as one of the 12 astronauts for a new space mission.

Raja Chari. Twitter.
  • Raja Chari is an American of Indian descent chosen by NASA for the new batch of astronauts
  • Currently, he is a Lieutenant Colonel in the US Air Force
  • Chari will have to go through two years of astronaut training which begins in August

June 06, 2017: NASA has chosen 12 astronauts out of a record-breaking 18,300 applications for upcoming space missions. An American of Indian descent, Raja Chari, has successfully earned his spot in the top 12.

The astronauts were selected on the basis of expertise, education, and physical tests. This batch of 12 astronauts is the largest group selected by NASA since two decades. The group consisting of 7 men and 5 women surpassed the minimum requirements of NASA.

Born in Waterloo, Iowa, Chari graduated from Air Force Academy in 1999 with a bachelor’s degree in Astronautical Engineering and Engineering Science. He went on to complete his master’s in Aeronautics and Astronautics from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The astronaut is also a graduate of US Naval Test Pilot School.

Currently, Raja Chari is a Lieutenant Colonel in the US Air Force. He is the commander of 461st Flight Test Squadron and director of the F-35 Integrated Test Force at Edwards Air Force Base in California.

After Late Kalpana Chawla, Lt. Col. Raja Chari is the second Indian American astronaut chosen by NASA.

The 12 astronauts will have to go through two years of training. Upon completion, they will be assigned their missions ranging from research at the International Space Station, launching from American soil on spacecraft by private companies, to flying on deep space missions on NASA’s Orion Spacecraft.

The US Vice-President Mike Pence visited the Johnson Space Centre in Houston to announce and congratulate the new batch. Pence also said that President Trump is “fully committed” to NASA’s missions in space.

by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter: @Saksham2393