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800 Mn Smartphone Users In India By 2020: CISCO Study

The report added that India will be a major driver of this with the total number of Internet users reaching 840 million

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New smartphone app to help you quit smoking. Pixabay

The number of smartphone users is expected to double to 829 million by 2022 from 404.1 million in 2017, projects a new Cisco report.

This proliferation of smart devices will propel India’s per capita data consumption to nearly 14 gigabytes (GB) by 2022 from 2.4 GB in 2017, according to Cisco’s latest “Visual Networking Index (VNI)” report.

“By 2022, the smartphone data consumption will increase by five time in India — which proves the dominance of smartphones as the communications hub for social media, video consumption, communications, and business applications, as well as traditional voice,” Sanjay Kaul, President, Asia-Pacific and Japan, Service Provider Business, Cisco, said in a statement on Monday.

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By 2022, smartphones will account for 44 per cent of total Internet traffic, up from 18 per cent in 2017.. Flickr

The Internet is made up of thousands of public and private networks around the world. And since it came to life in 1984, more than 4.7 zettabytes of IP traffic have flowed across it.

One zettabyte is approximately equal to a thousand exabytes, a billion terabytes, or a trillion gigabytes.

In India alone, IP networks carried 108 petabytes of data per day in 2017 and are expected to reach 646 petabytes per day by 2022.

This is primarily driven by the growth in the number of smartphone users, said the report.

Twitter, India, Smartphone
Twitter on a smartphone device. Pixabay

By 2022, smartphones will account for 44 per cent of total Internet traffic, up from 18 per cent in 2017.

Also Read: Four Best Aviva ULIP Plans In India 2018

In 2018, PCs accounted for 41 percent of total IP traffic, but by 2022 PCs will account for only 19 per cent of IP traffic, the research showed.

Saying that more traffic will be created in 2022 than in the 32 years since the Internet started, the report added that India will be a major driver of this with the total number of Internet users reaching 840 million (60 per cent of the population) by 2022 from 357 million (27 per cent of the population) in 2017. (IANS)

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Chatbots Are More Sucessful Than Humans for Certain Interactions

In the study published in Nature Machine Intelligence, the team asked almost 700 participants in an online cooperation game to interact with a human or an artificial partner

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A previous research has shown that humans prefer not to cooperate with intelligent Chatbots. Pixabay

As we embrace Alexa or Siri in our lives, researchers report that Chatbots are more successful than humans in certain human-machine interactions — but only if they are allowed to hide their non-human identity.

The artificial voices of Siri, Alexa or Google, and their often awkward responses, leave no room for doubt that we are not talking to a real person.

An international team, including Iyad Rahwan, Director of the Center for Humans and Machines at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, sought to find out whether cooperation between humans and machines is different if the machine purports to be human.

In the study published in Nature Machine Intelligence, the team asked almost 700 participants in an online cooperation game to interact with a human or an artificial partner.

In the game, known as the Prisoner’s Dilemma, players can either act egotistically to exploit the other player, or act cooperatively with advantages for both sides.

The findings showed that bots impersonating humans were more successful in convincing their gaming partners to cooperate.

Chatbots
As we embrace Alexa or Siri in our lives, researchers report that Chatbots are more successful than humans in certain human-machine interactions — but only if they are allowed to hide their non-human identity. Pixabay

As soon as they divulged their true identity, however, cooperation rates decreased.

“Translating this to a more realistic scenario could mean that help desks run by bots, for example, may be able to provide assistance more rapidly and efficiently if they are allowed to masquerade as humans,” the researchers wrote.

The society will have to negotiate the distinctions between the cases of human-machine interaction that require transparency and those where efficiency is key.

ALSO READ: Income Tax Officers Quit Work For Mental Peace

A previous research has shown that humans prefer not to cooperate with intelligent bots. (IANS)