Tuesday January 21, 2020

Adults With Obstructive Sleep At Greater Risk Of Cardiovascular Diseases

Adults with moderate to severe OSA were categorised into four subtypes according to the symptoms they report: disturbed sleep, minimally symptomatic, moderately sleepy and excessively sleepy.

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The increased risk of CVD associated with OSA appears to be driven by patients in the excessively sleepy subtype, according to the researchers.
The increased risk of CVD associated with OSA appears to be driven by patients in the excessively sleepy subtype, according to the researchers. Pixabay

Adults with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), who experience excessive sleepiness while awake are at greater risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) than those who do not experience such symptoms, says a new study.

Sleep apnoea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts.

Adults with moderate to severe OSA were categorised into four subtypes according to the symptoms they report: disturbed sleep, minimally symptomatic, moderately sleepy and excessively sleepy.

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Sleep apnoea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. Pixabay

“Multiple studies from our group have shown that patients with moderate to severe OSA throughout the world can be categorised into specific subtypes based on their reported symptoms,” said Diego R. Mazzotti, researcher at the University of Pennsylvania in the US.

“However, until now, it was unclear whether these subtypes had different clinical consequences, especially in regard to future cardiovascular risk,” said Mazzotti.

For the current study, researchers followed for nearly 12 years 1,207 adults, aged 40 or above.

Participants reported symptoms such as difficulty in falling and staying asleep, snoring, fatigue, drowsy driving and daytime sleepiness.

The findings, published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, showed that participants exhibiting the excessively sleepy subtype were more than three times as likely to have been diagnosed with heart failure than the other three subtypes.

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They were about twice as likely to experience a heart attack, heart failure, stroke or cardiovascular death during the follow-up period than the other three subtypes. Pixabay

They were about twice as likely to experience a heart attack, heart failure, stroke or cardiovascular death during the follow-up period than the other three subtypes.

In addition, they were also more likely to experience a new or recurrent cardiovascular event during the follow-up period.

Also Read: Kenya High Court Ruling on Decriminalizing Gay Sex Awaited by LGBT Community

The increased risk of CVD associated with OSA appears to be driven by patients in the excessively sleepy subtype, according to the researchers.

Studies of the cardiovascular benefits of continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, treatment for OSA should focus on the excessively sleepy subtype, who are likely to benefit the most from what is considered the gold standard OSA treatment, the team suggested. (IANS)

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Follow These Diet Tips to Keep Kids Healthy This Exam Season

Diet tips for students this exam season

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Exam stress
Students must follow these diet and health tips to battle exam stress. Pixabay

Exam time is like a mental marathon, and we cannot stress enough on studying while children sit for exams.

Dr Geeta Buryok, Head- Dietician, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh shares these crucial tips to keep the kids healthy and deal with hunger cravings this exam season.

1. Eat healthy meals:

Your brain needs energy to work efficiently and for this you must have balanced diet with in between healthy snacks. The meals should contain foods which lead to mental alertness. These include foods like milk and milk products, sprouts, tofu, eggs, chicken, fish, healthy nuts in combination with healthy cereals like dalia, oats, quinoa, and whole wheat products.

Brain boosting foods include foods that improve memory and concentration like almond walnuts, fish, flaxseeds, banana, chick pea, spinach, broccoli etc. Avoid junk foods as they require added time and energy to digest.

2. Keep yourself hydrated:

Drink healthy beverages like milkshakes, fresh soups, lemonade, lassi, coconut water instead of aerated beverages. One or two cups of coffee or tea or dark chocolate can also be added in the diet as caffeine makes you alert and active, but avoid excess of it. Have at least 8-10 glasses of water per day.

Exam healthy meal
A healthy meal is a necessity during the exam season. Pixabay

3. Snack smartly:

Eat healthy snacks in between meals like protein bars, fresh fruits, peanuts, makhana and roasted chana etc. specially when you are studying till late at night.

4. Sleep is important:

Good sleep is as good for your brain as food for body. Lack of sleep can interfere with learning ability, cause mood swings and compromise your immune system. Sleep for at least eight hours.

Also Read- Researchers Identify Key Protein that Spurs Bowel Cancer Growth

5. Detox from electronic devices:

Avoid engaging in too many electronic devices and take out an hour everyday for some recreational activity to keep you happy and motivated. (IANS)