Wednesday April 8, 2020

After Egypt, Pakistan stands Second in the world with maximum Hepatitis infected Patients

The symptoms include- fatigue, body ache, decreased appetite and much more. Hepatitis generally spreads through blood transfusion, sexual acts and also virus transmission

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Representational Image. Wikimedia
  • 400 million people in all are suffering from Hepatitis across the globe
  • Pakistan is the 2nd most Hepatitis affected country after Egypt
  • There are 5 types of Viral Hepatitis: A, B, C, D, E
  • WHO aims at eliminating this by 90 percent till 2030

Karachi, Sept 15, 2016: Pakistan is facing a tough time dealing with the number of infected people of Hepatitis in the country. 400 million people in total are suffering from this deadly disease across the globe and many of them are not even aware of this.

A study reveals that a million and a half people died of Hepatitis in 2013. WHO aims at eliminating 90% of this disease by 2030.

Pakistan stands 2nd in the world after Egypt in the number of Hepatitis patients. According to Dr. Inayat Adil- a Hepatitis expert from Pakistan- 5 % of Pakistani population suffers from Chronic Hepatitis C infection.

Hepatitis is a  liver disease. The medication for this is available only in centralised hospitals of Pakistan and is quite costly. Many middle-class patients find it difficult in approaching such branded hospitals instead of their local heath care centers. Also, the cost of medication being so high for Hepatitis, there are a number of people who cannot manage to afford the treatment. Local health care centers lack the required drugs.

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Karachi alone stands for 1 million patients. Many times, people are not even aware of being infected with the disease and neglect it. And rest of the times the cost acts as a  major hindrance in their intention of getting treated, mentioned a VOA report.

The symptoms include- fatigue, body ache, decreased appetite and much more. Hepatitis generally spreads through blood transfusion, sexual acts and also virus transmission.

Treatment options vary depending upon what kind of viral hepatitis it is. For example, hepatitis B has an effective vaccine, but hepatitis C does not have a vaccine against it.

Medicines Sans Frontieres is an institution in Pakistan, that came into existence from April 2015 and has been successful in treating a lot of people in Karachi. This institute is an initiative to give people an approachable treatment of Hepatitis and is also involved in making people aware of the disease. It is in the local and mostly semi-urban areas of Karachi due to the fact that such areas lack cleanliness, hygiene, resources and basic sanitation facilities.

– by Ayushi Gaur of Newsgram

  • Ayushi Gaur

    Alarming

  • Antara

    Hepatitis keeps spreading at a shocking rate!

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“A Nuclear War Between India and Pakistan Can Lead To Worst Global Food Crisis”, Say Researchers

While the impacts of global warming on agricultural productivity have been studied extensively, the implications of sudden cooling for global crop growth are little understood

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Nuclear War
Nuclear weapons must be eliminated because if they exist, they can be used with tragic consequences for the world. Pixabay

 A war between India and Pakistan using less than one per cent of nuclear weapons available in the world could lead to the worst global food crisis in modern history, say researchers.

The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, said that sudden global cooling from a limited nuclear war along with less precipitation and sunlight could disrupt food production and trade worldwide for about a decade — more than the impact from anthropogenic climate change by late (21st) century.

While the impacts of global warming on agricultural productivity have been studied extensively, the implications of sudden cooling for global crop growth are little understood, according to the researchers. “Our results add to the reasons that nuclear weapons must be eliminated because if they exist, they can be used with tragic consequences for the world,” said study co-author Alan Robock, Professor at Rutgers University in the US.

Robock co-authored a recent study in the journal Science Advances estimating more than 100 million people could die immediately if India and Pakistan wage a nuclear war, followed by global mass starvation.

For the new study, the research team used a scenario of five million tons of black smoke (soot) from massive fires injected into the upper atmosphere that could result from using only 100 nuclear weapons.

That would cool the Earth by 1.8 degrees Celsius (3.2 degrees Fahrenheit) and lead to eight per cent lower precipitation and less sunlight for at least five years.

The researchers included those climate changes in computer simulations by six different crop models for four major crops that account for 90 per cent of global cereal production in terms of calories.

They found that corn calorie production would fall by 13 per cent, wheat by 11 per cent, rice by three per cent and soybeans by 17 per cent over five years. Total first-year losses of 12 per cent would be four times larger than any food shortage in history, such as those caused by historic droughts and volcanic eruptions, the study said.

Nuclear, Atom, Bomb, Atomic, Science, War, Radioactive
A war between India and Pakistan using less than one per cent of nuclear weapons available in the world could lead to the worst global food crisis in modern history, say researchers. Pixabay

Analyses of food trade networks show that domestic reserves and global trade can largely buffer the loss of food production in the first year. But multiyear losses would reduce domestic food availability, especially in food-insecure countries.

By year five, corn and wheat availability would decrease by 13 per cent globally and by more than 20 per cent in 71 countries with a total of 1.3 billion people. Corn production in the US and Canada — representing more than 40 per cent of global production — would drop by 17.5 per cent.

ALSO READ: Coronavirus Spread Leads to Shortage of Supplies and Cross-Border Chaos in Europe

According to the researchers, 16 million tons of smoke could arise from a nuclear war between India and Pakistan since they now have more and bigger weapons and their potential targets are larger. (IANS)