Tuesday December 12, 2017
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Alternate energy: GAIL develops technique to convert waste plastic into Petrol, Diesel, LPG

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By Newsgram Staff Writer

Soon, you will be able to run your car on the fuel produced by converting waste plastic.

India’s GAIL is pursuing a project on “conversion of waste plastic to petrol, diesel/LPG” for which lab-scale studies and bench-scale studies have been carried out, informed Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan.

GAIL in collaboration with Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), Dehradun has developed the catalyst and a two-stage process for conversion of waste plastics to diesel, petrol, LPG and Aromatics.

The Basic Design and Engineering Package was prepared in 2013-14 for setting up of pilot plant. However, options for setting up of the pilot plant are presently being explored.

The economics of cost saving shall be known only after the process conditions are established in the pilot plant, Pradhan said.

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India Looks at Strategic Partnership with Oil Producers

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi at his three-hour long meeting here with chief executives of top global and Indian companies. ians

New Delhi, Oct 9: India is looking to upgrade its relationship with producing countries to a strategic one, instead of mere buyer-seller, Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said on Monday.

This was the message of Prime Minister Narendra Modi at his three-hour long meeting here with chief executives of top global and Indian companies, including British major BP, Russia’s Rosneft, Saudi Aramco and Reliance Industries, on ways to revive investment in oil and gas exploration and production.

“The Prime Minister laid out to leading companies like BP, Shell, Rosneft, Exxon Mobil as to what should be the energy economy of India,” Pradhan told reporters here on the sidelines of the CERAWEEK India Energy Forum organised by IHS Markit.

“The Prime Minister emphasised the need to move the engagement to a strategic partnership, going beyond the buyer-seller relationship,” he said, adding that “all major producers, Saudi Arabia, Russia, the US, all have recognised the massive scale of India’s energy engagement”.

According to a statement, from the Prime Minister’s Office, Modi said there is a need to develop energy infrastructure and provide access to energy in eastern India as the status of the energy sector in India was highly uneven.

CEOs and top officials from Rosneft, BP, Reliance, Saudi Aramco, Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell, Vedanta, Wood MacKenzie, IHS Markit, Schlumberger, Halliburton, Xcoal, ONGC, IndianOil, GAIL, Petronet LNG, Oil India, HPCL, Delonex Energy, NIPFP, International Gas Union, World Bank, and International Energy Agency were present at the meeting.

Pradhan, Power Minister R.K. Singh, and senior officials from NITI Aayog and Prime Minister’s Office, as well as the Petroleum and Finance Ministries were also present in the meeting.

Addressing the conference, Pradhan said that with India now being well integrated into the global oil economy, she was naturally impacted by geopolitical developments.

“Recently, when retail fuel prices went up in India, there was a hue and cry in the street,” he said of the time last month when petrol prices in Mumbai went over Rs 79 a litre due to a rise in international rates.

“We therefore need to know and keep abreast of what is happening in the industry worldwide… about OPEC and output cuts, about Russia, shale in the US, trends in LNG market,” he added.

As proof of the upgraded energy relationship with Saudi Arabia, Pradhan noted the opening of Saudi state-run oil giant Aramco’s India office in Gurugram on Sunday that was jointly inaugurated by him and Aramco CEO Amin Nasser.

“Aramco investment in India will increase..they are in talks with possible partners here,” Pradhan said.

Saudi Aramco, which established its business presence in India last year, has formed an Indian subsidiry that will engage in crude oil and LPG marketing, engineering and technical services, and other business development activities.

“Aramco India intends to partner with Indian companies and set up integrated business ventures in the hydrocarbon value chain in India,” the Petroleum Ministry said.

According to the PMO, Modi thanked Russian President Vladimir Putin, and Rosneft, for their commitments and support to the energy sector in India. He also appreciated the 2030 vision document of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.(IANS)

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4th India Africa Hydrocarbons Conference begins

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New Delhi: The Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Dharmendra Pradhan said on Thursday that India and Africa should collaborate in the energy field for development and a brighter future for the people of India and Africa.

In his inaugural address during 2-day India-Africa Hydrocarbons Conference in Delhi, he said, “The global situation makes our collaboration more critical. The fourth India-Africa Hydrocarbons Conference looks to align and initiate future collaborations between India and Africa in hydrocarbons.”

25 African Nations have been invited for the Conference where 9 of them are represented by their ministers.

Pradhan expressed the hope that India would be a better partner for Africa as Africa plays an important part in India’s energy security, informing that India is importing around 18-20 percent of its oil needs from Africa, including 32 Million Metric Tons of crude oil last year.

The minister said “India is keen to diversify its energy sources,’’ adding that India is importing nearly 78 percent of its crude oil and 35 percent of natural gas requirements.

As a matter of policy, India imports two-thirds of crude oil from Africa while exports third of India’s exports to Africa.

“The compound annual growth rate of India’s hydrocarbons’ consumption has been at 7 per cent while the world average is on this count is only at 3 per cent,” Pradhan said.

He said that Indian state-run have invested in acquiring hydrocarbons in countries like Sudan, South Sudan, Mozambique, Goban and Egypt of Africa.

Petroleum Secretory KD Tripathi said earlier that it is an opportune time for global oil prices between importers and exporters from India and Africa. (IANS) (picture courtesy: orissadiary.com)

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Production of cleaner diesel by a new method

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London: A team of researchers from two European universities have discovered a new approach to the production of much cleaner diesel.

Researchers from the Belgium’s University of KU Leuven and Netherland’s Utrecht University used catalysts to produce clean diesel, which can quickly be scaled up for industrial use, according to a KU Leuven statement.

Catalysts are substances that trigger the chemical reactions that convert raw material into fuel. In the case of diesel, small catalyst granules are added to the raw material to sufficiently change the molecules of the raw material to produce useable fuel.

The catalyst used for this particular study has two functions, represented by two different material — a metal (platinum) and a solid-state acid.

During the production process for diesel, the molecules bounce to and fro between the metal and the acid. Each time a molecule comes into contact with one of the materials, it changes a little bit. At the end of the process, the molecules are ready to be used for diesel fuel.

The assumption has always been that the metal and the solid-state acid in the catalyst should be as close together as possible to speed up the production process by helping the molecules bounce to and fro more quickly.

However, Johan Martens of KU Leuven and Krijn de Jong of Utrecht University have now discovered that this assumption is incorrect.

“Our results are the exact opposite of what we had expected. At first, we thought that the samples were switched or that something was wrong with our analysis”, said professor Martens.

“We repeated the experiments three times, only to arrive at the same conclusion — the current theory is wrong. There has to be a minimum distance between the functions within a catalyst. This goes against what the industry has been doing for the past 50 years.”

Cars that are driven by this clean diesel would emit far fewer particulates and carbon dioxide. The researchers believe that their method can be scaled up for industrial use with relative ease, so the new diesel could be used in cars in 5-10 years.

The new technique can be applied to petroleum-based fuels but also to renewable carbon from biomass.

(IANS)