Monday January 20, 2020

Amazing Fact! Your Genes Determine Your Quality of Sleep

"Our study suggests that many of the genes important for sleep in animal models may also influence sleep in humans and opens the door to better understanding of the function and regulation of sleep," Dashti added.

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genes
This was comparable to other well-recognised factors that influenced sleep duration. Pixabay

Experiencing problems like insomnia or hypersomnia could be genetic, say researchers who identified 76 new gene regions associated with the time a person sleeps.

It is well known that regularly getting adequate sleep — 7 to 8 hours per night — is important for health, and both insufficient sleep — 6 or fewer hours — and excessive sleep — 9 hours or more — have been linked to significant health problems.

Family studies have suggested that 10 to 40 per cent of variation in sleep duration may be inherited, and previous genetic studies have associated variants in two gene regions with the sleep duration.

sleep
“Our study suggests that many of the genes important for sleep in animal models may also influence sleep in humans and opens the door to better understanding of the function and regulation of sleep,” Dashti added. Pixabay

The study from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in Boston, US, analysed genetic data from more than 446,000 participants, who self-reported the amount of sleep they typically received.

The study identified 78 gene regions — including the two previously identified — as associated with sleep duration.

While carrying a single gene variant influenced the average amount of sleep by only a minute, participants carrying the largest number of duration-increasing variants reported an average of 22 more minutes of sleep, compared with those with the fewest.

This was comparable to other well-recognised factors that influenced sleep duration.

 

sleep
Family studies have suggested that 10 to 40 per cent of variation in sleep duration may be inherited, and previous genetic studies have associated variants in two gene regions with the sleep duration. Pixabay

“While we spend about a third of our life asleep, we have little knowledge of the specific genes and pathways that regulate the amount of sleep people get,” said Hassan Saeed Dashti from MGH.

“Our study suggests that many of the genes important for sleep in animal models may also influence sleep in humans and opens the door to better understanding of the function and regulation of sleep,” Dashti added.

The study, published in Nature Communications journal, also found shared genetic links between both short and long sleep duration.

Also Read: SpaceX Crew Dragon Capsule Undocks from International Space Station

It also found factors such as higher levels of body fat, depression symptoms and fewer years of schooling, implying negative effects from both too little and too much sleep.

While short sleep duration was genetically linked with insomnia and smoking, long sleep duration was linked with ailments such as schizophrenia, Type-2 diabetes and coronary artery disease. (IANS)

Next Story

Follow These Tips to Stick to Your Fitness Resolution

8 ways to stick to your fitness resolution

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Fitness regime
One of the most important resolutions that is made by many is to live a healthy lifestyle and practice a sustainable fitness regime. Lifetime Stock

With a brand new year most of us contemplate on our flawed decisions and make resolutions to do better in the coming year. One of the most important resolutions that is made by many is to live a healthy lifestyle and practice a sustainable fitness regime.

Studies suggest that many resolutions are broken within the very first month of the year, while several others give up as the year ends due to irregular working patterns or low will power or even lack of perseverance. Amaresh Ojha, CEO and Founder, Gympik suggest few ways that might help one to stick to their fitness resolution.

Fitness regime
Read what can help you improve, in terms of both your health and fitness. Lifetime Stock

Self-awareness

Change starts when you measure where you stand and how far you need to go. You need self-awareness before you can achieve self-improvement. Keep a regular check on your growth cycle and constantly observe and read what can help you improve, in terms of both your health and wellness.

Maintain a daily journal

Maintain a workout journal to record each workout you do. It is interesting to look back when you see the progress you’ve made. Depending on your capability, make smaller changes such as run 100 meters more than the past week, do 1-2 more reps more with an increased weight, increase your workout time by 10 minutes etc.

Fitness breakfast
Do not skip your breakfast if you want to achieve your fitness goal. Lifetime Stock

Don’t skip breakfast

You must not skip breakfast as it is the first meal of the day and it helps in breaking your overnight fast. If you skip your breakfast, you add to this fast which might affect your metabolism. So, make it a habit to have breakfast within two hours of waking up. Consuming a healthy breakfast reinstates the glucose levels in the body and lowers your stress levels.

Don’t beat yourself up

You may skip a yoga or cardio session once in a blue moon, which won’t make much of a difference. But if you skip them for days this will disrupt your healthy lifestyle and you will notice strength losses. In order to return your body to pre-holiday levels, begin with 10 to 12 minutes of cardio at a normal intensity. Then gradually, add time till you get back to your previous workout duration. To return to weight training, use the same resistance as before but lessen your reps by about a third and then gradually increase going back to your normal workout patterns.

Eat at regular intervals

It is important that you plan your meals to avoid last-minute hunger-driven decisions which may lead to unhealthy eating habits. Once you disrupt your eating patterns, it is difficult to get back to the rhythm. So, eat as per your diet but at regular intervals so that you do not gain or lose weight in an unhealthy way.

Use health monitoring/fitness apps

Use fitness and weight monitoring apps to have a better understanding of your fitness journey. Install your favourite fitness app and keep a track of your everyday growth.

Exercise wherever and whenever

Do not restrict yourself to gyms and aerobic classes when it comes to exercising. Walk a few extra miles, whenever possible. Moreover, research says that household chores like cooking, laundry, cleaning your car or mopping burn a substantial amount of calories.

Also Read- Students who Use Internet Excessively Likely to be Anxious During Tests: Study

Take one step at a time

Last but not the least, go ahead even if you take small steps. It happens to many of us often that if we miss a day of exercise or have a cheat day, we lose focus and feel like we have failed. But that is not the case, we must understand that we are in a continuous process of improvement and every time we fail, there is always the next day to get on track. Do not feel pressured to do it all at once or nothing at all. (IANS)