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Amid Controversy, India to revisit Indus water treaty with Pakistan signed in 1960

India might consider revisit the Indus Water Treaty feeling that there are differences in implementation of the treaty in both countries.

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Indo Pak border at Neelum Valley. All tributaries of Indus will affected by Indus Water Treaty. Wikimedia
  • The Indus water treaty brokered by World bank in 1960 by India and Pakistan
  • Jammu-Kashmir has been demanding the revisitation of treaty as it robs the state of its right to use the water of its rivers
  • India is already locked in a diplomatic blitz with Pakistan regarding the killing of 18 Indian soldiers in Uri

New Delhi, September 22, 2016:  India while already being engaged in a diplomatic war against Pakistan regarding the Sunday’s terror attack on an army base in Kashmir might consider revisiting the Indus Water Treaty that was signed in 1960.

“I am sure you are aware that there are differences between India and Pakistan on the implementation of the Indus Waters Treaty,” External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Vikas Swarup said in reply to a question at a media briefing here on Thursday.“But this is an issue which is being addressed bilaterally. But let me make a basic point. Eventually, any cooperative arrangement requires goodwill and mutual trust on both sides,” Swarup said.

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“For any such treaty to work, it is important there must be mutual trust and cooperation. It can’t be a one-sided affair.”

The water distribution treaty brokered by the World Bank was signed between the two countries in 1960 after Pakistan’s fear that since the source rivers of the Indus basin are in India, it could potentially create droughts and famines in Pakistan during times of war.

According to the agreement, India has control over three eastern rivers — Beas, Ravi and Sutlej — all flowing from Punjab.

Pakistan, as per the treaty, controls the western rivers of the Indus, Chenab and Jhelum that flow from Jammu and Kashmir.

Jammu and Kashmir have been demanding a review of the treaty as it robs the state of its rights to use the water of the rivers.

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India and Pakistan are currently locked in a diplomatic war after the killing of 18 Indian soldiers in Uri, close to the Line of Control (LoC) with Pakistan. (IANS)

 

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World Bank Approves $310 Million Loan for Sri Lanka to Reduce Flood Risks

Evidence suggests flood frequency will increase

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The World Bank said in a statement that the Climate Resilience Multi Phase Programmatic Approach project in the island was the first of a three-phase investment programme. Pixabay

 The World Bank has approved a $310 million loan for Sri Lanka to reduce and mitigate the flood risks in parts of the capital and improve weather forecasting as well as early warning systems across the island country, the media reported on Thursday.

The World Bank said in a statement that the Climate Resilience Multi Phase Programmatic Approach project in the island was the first of a three-phase investment programme totalling $774 million which will be implemented over eight years.

Evidence suggests flood frequency will increase and nearly 87 per cent of Sri Lankans are living in areas which are likely to experience extreme temperatures and rainfall that will impact their lives, the statement cited by Xinhua news agency said.

“This comprehensive climate resilience programme will reduce losses to people’s livelihoods and public assets while reducing shocks on the economy,” said Idah Z. Pswarayi-Riddihough, World Bank County Director for Nepal, Sri Lanka and Maldives.

World Bank, Sril Lanka, Flood
The World Bank has approved a $310 million loan for Sri Lanka to reduce and mitigate the flood risks in parts of the capital. Pixabay

“Compelling evidence has informed this long-term programme which will help the government build socially responsive infrastructure and communication systems to protect lives and assets,” she added.

The programme aligns with the government’s plans to ensure fiscal and physical resilience and reduce the vulnerability of Sri Lanka’s economy in the aftermath of the 2016 and 2017 floods.

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The new forecasting systems are expected to benefit the entire nation, including 3.5 million beneficiaries living in flood-prone areas in 25 river basins. (IANS)