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Arunachal “tea lady” reason behind vanishing opium cultivation

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Guwahati: A native of a village in Arunachal Pradesh also called ‘tea lady’ by many, is successfully leading people to give up cultivation of opium on their land.

Affectionately called ‘tea lady’, Basamlu Krisikro, a resident of the remote Wakro village in Lohit district, started tea plantation nine years ago. Her reason was purely personal.

In 2009, her mother was detected with lung cancer and after a successful operation in Mumbai, doctors advised her a regular dose of organic green tea.

A post graduate from Delhi University, Krisikro, who is in her early 40s now, had to go to neighbouring Assam often to fetch organic green tea. It was then that she decided to grow it in her backyard.

Today, many families in Lohit district who were earlier cultivating poppy or opium have followed the path shown by her.

Conventional tea cultivation has been prevalent in some parts of Arunachal Pradesh for ages. But it was not popular in eastern districts of the state such as Lohit, Anjaw, Tirap and Changlang — which share international borders with China.

Famous for its biodiversity, Arunachal Pradesh shares international borders with Myanmar, China and Bhutan. However, the eastern districts of the hilly state are notorious for opium cultivation, which is a cash crop and fetches huge profits to the farmers.

“The eastern districts, particularly my area (Wakro), has been known for orange plantation in the past,” said Krisikro.

“However, the orange production declined significantly over the last several years for reasons not known, forcing the once orange orchard owners to take to opium cultivation in a big way.

“This opium gave them an alternative sustainable source of income and an addiction too,” said Basamlu.

Krisikro and a medical practitioner, Nayil, took it upon themselves to convince people that tea plantation could be an alternative source of sustainable income.

“We also motivated the opium cultivators to replace their fields with small-scale tea plantations. And it did wonders. Within a year, at least, a dozen of them turned into small tea growers,” said Basamlu whose one hectare tea plantation in 2009 has been extended to five hectares now.

Only 12 grams of opium could fetch Rs.650 and one needs to invest only Rs.7,000 for opium cultivation in one hectare of land, which yields about six to seven kg of opium, said Basamlu.

In Wakro alone, there are 12,000 to 13,000 opium cultivators.

“It’s really sad to see that the consumption of opium, especially among the youth, is eating away the vitals of our society,” she said while expressing happiness that about 12 families in Wakro have totally given up opium cultivation for tea plantation.

She recently set up a tea processing unit so that the new tea planters in Wakro could supply their produces easily.

“Last year, I produced about 3,000 kg of orthodox and organic green tea and my buyers include people from India and abroad,” she said.

She said that she had approached the Arunachal Pradesh government several times seeking its intervention to stop the opium cultivation, but to no avail.

“There has been no good response from the government. I tried but failed. Had there been intervention by the government to popularize the tea plantation and as an alternative to opium cultivation, the situation would not have been so bad,” she said.(IANS)

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World Should Give Recognition To Taiwan and Tibet

China opposes any nation which considers Taiwan and Tibet a sovereign country and chooses to stand with them

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tibet
China holds vice like grip over Tibet and does not permit any foreigners to visit Tibet to see the conditions for themselves. Pixabay

By N.S.Venkataraman

Chinese government considers any country as it’s number one enemy, which recognizes Taiwan as sovereign nation. Similarly, if anyone country would demand that Tibet should be recognized as a sovereign country, China would  protest very strongly. As a matter of fact, China holds vice like grip over Tibet and does not permit any foreigners to visit Tibet to see the conditions for themselves.

The ambition of China to annex Taiwan and firmly hold on to it’s occupation of Tibet is  definite proof of China’s expansionist plans .

There seem to be lot of similarity between the behavior of the present Chinese government and Hitler’s Germany before World War II.  The present Chinese government and Hitler’s Germany have something in common, in  their  ambitious goal of dominating rest of the world at any cost , with least concern for ethical or moral principles and fairness in dealing with other countries.

Just as many countries in the world are now trying to appease China, then British Prime Minister Chamberlain too visited Germany to appease Hitler before World War II. Churchill called the bluff of Hitler, which is a matter of history.

So far, China could not annex Taiwan, since Taiwan is heavily protected by U S government and China knows that any move to annex Taiwan would lead to a war with USA.

buddhist tibet
China violently suppressed the Tibetan protestors after it successfully occupied it. Tibet was clearly not supported or protected by any country in the world in a meaningful way. Pixabay

On the other hand, China was emboldened to attack Tibet and aggressively occupy the region and  China violently suppressed the Tibetan protestors, since  the interest of Tibet was not supported or protected by any country in the world in a meaningful way. China continues to occupy Tibet and the world conscience remain suppressed  as  various governments  want to appease China and keep it in good humour to protect  their trade and business interests with China.

China now claims Arunachal Pradesh in India as part of China and continues to occupy thousands of kilometer of Indian territory , which it annexed during the 1962 Indo China war.  China now claims ownership of islands in South China Sea and Senkaku  island and adopting aggressive postures, inspite of protests from  Japan, Phillipines, Vietnam and other countries.

So far,  China has not been effectively challenged  by any country in the world for it’s aggressive occupation of Tibet and claims on Indian territory and islands in South China Sea as well as it’s claim on Taiwan.

Because of the non caring attitude of most countries in the world, China is emboldened to carry on with it’s adventures to expand it’s territory and areas of influence.

While voice of Tibetans is not being heard loudly around the world, there are countries which speak in support of Taiwan occasionally.

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China is emboldened to carry on with it’s adventures to expand it’s territory and areas of influence. Pixabay

Taiwan has revealed to the world about the Chinese virus sufficiently earlier but  WHO has  ignored Taiwan’s warning,  as Taiwan is not a member of  WHO. Now, the clamour  for including Taiwan as member of WHO is being increasingly heard.

Neither Taiwan nor Tibet is a member of UNO, obviously implying that UNO does not recognize these regions as sovereign countries.

The claim of China on Taiwan and Tibet  and other regions indicate the mindset of Chinese government and certainly represents a threat for stability in the world in the long run. With  free run that China already has, it is likely that China may  further make claims on other countries too in the coming days .The world has to prevent this.

Taiwan and Tibet are two test cases of China’s unjustified territorial claims with little resistance from rest of the world.

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There are countries which speak in support of Taiwan occasionally, but the case is not the same with Tibet. Pixabay

It is necessary that Taiwan and Tibet should be recognized as sovereign countries, which is a necessary step to curtail and defeat China’s expansionist ambitions.

United Nations Organisation in it’s present structure and functioning style, is not in a position to do justice for Taiwan and Tibet.

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Today, there is increasing suspicion in the world  about China’s methodologies and practices. The fact that China concealed the information about the Wuhan virus and did not forewarn the world  at the right time indicates  that China could exhibit irresponsible behavior. Today, the havoc that is happening in the world due to COVID 19 crisis is directly attributed to the China’s indifferent attitude towards the welfare of the world community.

Certainly, nobody should think or say that China should be destabilized. But, certainly the growing thought is that China should be prevented from destabilizing the world and it’s aggressive  methods  of occupying other countries should be resisted.

The starting point to initiate such world wide resistance  to China’s territorial  expansion plans  is to recognize Taiwan and Tibet as independent and sovereign countries. This will show China it’s place.

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Find Out How Drinking Green Tea Can be Beneficial

Drinking green tea may help treat food allergies

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Drinking green tea increases the abundance of FP (Flavonifractor plautii) which suppresses the Th2 immune response. Pixabay

If you are a tea lover, there is good news as researchers have revealed that consuming green tea can help combat food allergies. A food allergy occurs when your immune system over reacts to a food or a substance in a food. The study, published in the journal Frontiers in Immunology, found that drinking green tea increases the abundance of gut bacteria that helps suppress allergic immune responses.

For the findings, the research team at the Shinshu University in Japan looked at green tea and the abundance of Flavonifractor plautii (FP) bacteria found in the gut. FP has been reported to be a part of the catechin metabolism in the intestines. Catechin is an antioxidant found in a variety of foods, including green tea, of which 30 to 42 per cent of its dry weight is catechin. The researchers found that oral administration of FP strongly suppresses the Th2 immune response to food allergies in vivo.

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The study, published in the journal Frontiers in Immunology, found that drinking green tea increases the abundance of gut bacteria that helps suppress allergic immune responses. Pixabay

The food we eat effects the complex cocktail of different strains of bacteria in the gut, they said.

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Drinking green tea increases the abundance of FP (Flavonifractor plautii) which suppresses the Th2 immune response. FP is a strain of the Clostridia family of bacteria, which is known to have effects on the immune system, notably inhibiting inflammation.

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According to the study, some clostridia strains show promise of lowering blood pressure and some are known to be abundant in lean people and not in heavier people, leading researchers to believe they can be used to regulate weight. However, the researchers noted that more studies are needed to look into the safety of FP before it can be used as a probiotic to treat allergies. (IANS)

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Green Tea Plus Regular Exercise Can Reduce The Risk of Fatty Liver Disease: Study

In the study, mice fed a high-fat diet for 16 weeks that consumed green tea extract and exercised regularly by running on a wheel were found to have just a quarter of the lipid deposits in their livers compared to those seen in the livers of a control group of mice

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Green Tea
The researchers found that a combination of green tea extract and exercise reduced the severity of obesity-related fatty liver disease by 75 per cent in mice fed a high-fat diet. Wikimedia Commons

People suffering from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may benefit from regular exercise and replacing high-calorie beverages with decaffeinated, diet green tea, suggests new research.

The researchers found that a combination of green tea extract and exercise reduced the severity of obesity-related fatty liver disease by 75 per cent in mice fed a high-fat diet. Although untested in human trials, the results suggest a potential health strategy.

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“Combining the two might have health benefits for people, but we don’t have the clinical data yet,” said Joshua Lambert, Associate Professor of Food Science at The Pennsylvania State University in the US.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a significant global health problem that is expected to worsen, Lambert said. Because of the high prevalence of risk factors such as obesity and Type-2 diabetes, fatty liver disease is forecast to afflict more than 100 million people by 2030. And there are currently no validated therapies for the disease.

In the study, mice fed a high-fat diet for 16 weeks that consumed green tea extract and exercised regularly by running on a wheel were found to have just a quarter of the lipid deposits in their livers compared to those seen in the livers of a control group of mice.

Mice that were treated with green tea extract alone or exercise alone had roughly half as much fat in their livers as the control group. In addition to analyzing the liver tissues of mice in the study, which was published recently in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, the researchers also measured the protein and fat content in their faeces.

Green Tea, Press, Kitchen, Drink, Beverage, Pot, Cup
People suffering from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease may benefit from regular exercise and replacing high-calorie beverages with decaffeinated, diet green tea, suggests new research. Pixabay

They found that the mice that consumed green tea extract and exercised had higher fecal lipid and protein levels. “By examining the livers of these mice after the study concluded and by screening their faeces during the research, we saw that the mice that consumed green tea extract and exercised actually were processing nutrients differently — their bodies were handling food differently,” Lambert said.

“We think the polyphenols in green tea interact with digestive enzymes secreted in the small intestine and partially inhibit the breakdown of carbohydrates, fat and protein in food,” he added.

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“So, if a mouse doesn’t digest the fat in its diet, that fat and the calories associated with it pass through the mouse’s digestive system, and a certain amount of it ends up coming out in its faeces,” he said. (IANS)