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Balance of eroticism, spirituality needed in India, says author Sudhir Kakar

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Sudhir Kakar credit: www.zetaestaticos.com

New Delhi: Psychoanalyst-turned-writer Sudhir Kakar’s latest book, ‘The Devil Take Love’, is a heady mix of sexuality, ancient India and poetry.

credit: www.amazon.com
credit: www.amazon.com

The deeply erotic book comes against the backdrop of a heated debate in the country on porn ban and writers’ freedom of expression. The novel traces the life of the 7th century legendary Sanskrit poet Bhartrihari and his tussle between sexual self-discovery and intellect.

“The relevance of Bhartrihari is that he represents the perennial Indian struggle between flesh and spirit. It has been a struggle for India in the last 1,100 years. A balance of eroticism and spirituality is needed in India,” Kakar told  in an interview in Bhutan on the sidelines of a literary festival and later on the phone from Delhi.

The book unravels the liberal facet of ancient India where a temple was devoted to Kamadeva (king of desire) and a festival was observed for him.

“Bhartrihari’ s poetry is a struggle for the balance of eroticism and asceticism,” explains Kakar who has more than 20 titles to his credit. The book has at least three pages devoted to lovemaking.

Kakar also disputes attempts to glorify the spiritual past of ancient India. “It is a false notion that ancient India was purely spiritual as it is being projected now. It is good for Indians to learn that there have been two sides to ancient India,” said the author.

Defining passion as the driving force behind any creation, Kakar illustrates how Kama (lust) can’t be defied. “The sixth century Brihatsamhita says that from the greatest God to the smallest worm, everything is ruled by desire. Even Lord Shiva had to take four faces to have a look at a woman,” said Kakar who translated ‘The Kamasutra’ with Wendy Doniger .

The protagonist Bhartrihari, as a young man, travels from the provincial town of Jalandhar to the magnificent city of Ujjayini. His poetic prowess is recognised; he becomes the court poet in the kingdom of Avanti.

Though he climbed the ladder of success and fame in a short span of time, the poet is torn between sexual passion and erotic disenchantment, as the appeal of the senses tussles with the call of the spirit. As Bhartrihari’s poems are classified under shringara, vairagya and niti (love, renunciation and moral conduct), it is applicable for modern Indian society too, Kakar added.

‘The Devil Take Love’ eloquently narrates life in cosmopolitan Ujjayini while exploring the challenges in a poet’s mind. Bhartrihari is perceived to be the most modern among Sanskrit poets.

Kakar, however, describes his work as fiction and Bhartrihari as a ghost. “I would describe him as a historical ghost and a novelist’s delight. As there was a lack of information on the historical person behind the poet, I used my imagination to grasp the emotional truth of the poet,” said Kakar.

The author says that the intriguing title, ‘The Devil Take Love’, came from one of Bhartrihari’s verses when he was disillusioned with life and fell from grace. Kakar did his master’s degree in business economics from Germany and doctorate in economics from Vienna, before training in psychoanalysis at the Sigmund Freud Institute in Frankfurt.

Asked why he picked Bhartrihari’s life as a topic, he said: “My dad was a civil servant and I remember he recited a verse of Bhartrihari once when he came back from office disenchanted. He told me that Bhartrihari is the only poet with a modern sensibility. Fifty years must have passed, however, it stuck to me and I started reading his works,” said Kakar.

Kakar’s critically acclaimed oeuvres include ‘The Ascetic Of Desire; Ecstasy; The Crimson Throne; Intimate Relations; Exploring Indian Sexuality; Tales Of Love, Sex And Danger; among others.

(By Preetha Nair, IANS)

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Here’s how Spirituality Can Improve the Lives of HIV Patients

Spirituality may improve quality of life in HIV patient

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HIV spirituality
Researchers have found that HIV patients who pray or meditate regularly have a better quality of life. Pixabay

Adults living with HIV were more likely to feel higher levels of emotional and physical well-being if they attended religious services regularly, prayed daily and self-identified as religious or spiritual, according to a new study.

By contrast, patients living with HIV who had the lowest levels of quality of life and more mental health challenges were privately religious, the research added.

“These findings are significant because they point to the untapped potential of encouraging patients living with HIV who are already religious to attend religious services regularly. People who identify as spiritual also benefit from improved overall health-related quality of life,” said study researcher Maureen E. Lyon from Children’s National Hospital in the US.

Scientific evidence suggests that religions that present God as all-powerful, personal, responsive, loving, just and forgiving make a difference in health-related quality of life.

HIV spirituality
Patients living with HIV who had the lowest levels of quality of life and more mental health challenges were privately religious. Pixabay

“In general, patients living with HIV have reported that they wished their health care providers acknowledged their religious beliefs and spiritual struggles,” Lyon added.

For the findings, published in the journal Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, the research team wanted to learn more about the degree of religiousness and spirituality reported by people living with HIV and the interplay between religion and health-related quality of life.

They recruited patients to participate in a clinical trial about family-centered advance care planning and enrolled 223 patient/family dyads in this study. 56 per cent of patients were male. 86 per cent were African American, and their mean age was 50.8. 75 per cent were Christian.

The researchers identified three distinct classes of religious beliefs: Class 1, the highest level of religiousness or spirituality, applied to people more likely to attend religious services in person each week, to pray daily, to “feel God’s presence” and to self-identify as religious and spiritual.

According to the study, 35 per cent of the participants were Class 1 and tended to be older than 40. Class 2 applied to privately religious people who engaged in religious activities at home, like praying, and did not attend services regularly. 47 per cent of study participants were Class 2.

Also Read- Infants with Low Birth Weight Likely to Have Poor Cardiorespiratory Health: Study

Class 3 participants self-identified as spiritual but were not involved in organised religion. Nearly 18 per cent of study participants were Class 3, the lowest overall level of spirituality. According to the researchers, Class 1 spirituality was associated with increased quality of life, mental health and improved health status. (IANS)