Saturday November 18, 2017

Beatles not the architect of music revolution: Study



By NewsGram Staff Writer

In a startling discovery, which opposes a popular opinion, researchers have found out that the so called “British Invasion” of US pop music by bands like The Beatles and The Rolling Stones did not start the rock evolution.

The researchers, in the study, released by the journal Royal Society Open Science, found that the musical revolution was already underway in the US much before the arrival of The Beatles and The Rolling Stones.

The disclosure was made after studying the trends in style, the diversity of the music charts and the musical revolutions that have occurred in the last 50 years. Also, close to 17,000 songs from the US Billboard Hot 100 charts from 1960 to 2010, were analyzed.

The study found out that the greatest musical revolution in US pop history did not happen in 1964, but in 1991 when the hip-hop music arrived in the charts.

According to the findings of the study, the least diverse year was 1986, supposedly caused by the sudden popularization of drum machines and samplers at that time.

“For the first time, we can measure musical properties in recordings on a large scale. We can actually go beyond what music experts tell us by looking directly into the songs, measuring their make-up and understanding how they have changed,” said Matthias Mauch from Queen Mary University of London.

“The rise of hip-hop caused the single most radical change in the US charts”, Mauch added.

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India-origin Researcher Madhusudhan Venkadesan part of the team that decoded Science behind Perfect Throw

Researchers mainly focused on the physics behind releasing a projectile with the human arm in a series of calculations and concluded that the best strategy is nothing but a slow underarm throw

How to throw a baseball, wikimedia

New York, April 27, 2017: The best strategy for the perfect throw – be it a dart, a basketball or even a crumpled piece of paper has been mathematically calculated by a team scientists, including one of Indian origin.

Researchers mainly focused on the physics behind releasing a projectile with the human arm in a series of calculations and concluded that the best strategy for getting a piece of paper into a nearby bin is nothing but a slow underarm throw.

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Faster throws tend to have less accuracy; the researchers from the Yale University in the US have pointed out. The reason behind this is that the ball travels in a nearly straight line, so any errors in the angle at which the object is released tend to be amplified.

According to Madhusudhan Venkadesan, assistant professor at Yale, “What we find is that almost the slowest arc is often the most accurate. We have compared these calculations to published data of people throwing into wastebaskets, we have compared it to a study in dart throwing.”

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According to PTI report, the researchers also mentioned that in sports like basketball or darts, the strategy is dependent on conditions and the trade-off needed between speed and accuracy.

For example, experienced darts players throw overarm at about 5.5 metres per second and optimally release the dart 17 to 37 degrees before the arm becomes vertical. On the cricket pitch, it is more likely that the fielders will strike the wicket with a fast underarm throw.

This study was published in the journal Royal Society Open Science.

– prepared by Durba Mandal of NewsGram. Twitter: @dubumerang