Thursday November 23, 2017
Home World Bronze Age Hi...

Bronze Age History Indicates European Women Travelled While Men Stayed Home

The findings shed light on the importance of female mobility for cultural exchange in the Bronze Age

0
45
Bronze Age
European women travelled far from their home villages to start their families in bronze age. IANS

London, Sep 07, 2017: In the early Bronze Age nearly 4,000 years ago, European women travelled far from their home villages to start their families, bringing with them new cultural objects and ideas, while men usually remained in the region of their birth, a research has showed.

The findings, which shed light on the importance of female mobility for cultural exchange in the Bronze Age, showed that the practice persisted over a period of 800 years during the transition from the Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age.

This played a significant role in the exchange of cultural objects and ideas, which increased considerably in the Bronze Age, in turn promoting the development of new technologies, the researchers said.

For the study, published in the journal PNAS, the team examined the remains of 84 individuals buried between 2500 and 1650 BC, and found that at the end of the Stone Age and in the early Bronze Age, families were established in a surprising manner in the Lech, south of Augsburg, in present-day Germany.

Also Read: Female Mobility Key Element in Cultural Interchange during Stone Age and Bronze Age: Study 

The majority of women came from outside the area, probably from Bohemia or Central Germany, while men usually remained in the region of their birth.

“We see a great diversity of different female lineages, which would occur if over time many women relocated to the Lech Valley from somewhere else,” said Alissa Mittnik from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Germany.

This so-called patrilocal pattern combined with individual female mobility was not a temporary phenomenon, but persisted over a period of 800 years, they said.

The study allowed researchers to view the immense extent of early human mobility in a new light.

“Individual mobility was a major feature characterising the lives of people in Central Europe even in the third and early second millennium,” said Philipp Stockhammer, from the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen. (IANS)

Next Story

Female Mobility Key Element in Cultural Interchange during Stone Age and Bronze Age: Study

4,000 years ago European women left their birth settlements and travelled far to form families, taking with them new objects and cultural ideas

0
58
Stone age
Female mobility during the Stone Age and Bronze Age was a key element in cultural interchange (Representational Image). Pixabay

Berlin, Sep 05, 2017: Female mobility during the final phase of the Stone Age and start of the Bronze Age was a key element in cultural interchange between regions, according to a new study.

The study, published on Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) magazine, shows how 4,000 years ago European women left their birth settlements and travelled far to form families, taking with them new objects and cultural ideas, Germany’s Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History said.

The report is based on the graves found in the Lech valley, south of the city of Augsburg, reports Efe news.

In the families living in the settlements in the region at that time, the majority of women came from other areas, probably from Bohemia or central Germany several hundred kilometres away, while the men normally remained in or very near their birth location.

According to the researchers, this “patrilocal” type of social pattern, in which new couples live in the territory of the man’s family, combined with individual female mobility, was not a temporary phenomenon but rather lasted for some 800 years during the transition from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age.

Participating in the study headed by Philipp Stockhammer, of Munich’s Ludwig-Maximilians University, were Corina Knipper of the Curt-Engelhorn-Centre for Archaeometry, along with Alissa Mittnik and Johannes Krause of the Max Planck Institute and the University of Tuebingen.

Also Read: Woman Medical Pioneers from India, Syria, and Japan Who Traveled to Philadelphia in 1885 

“Individual mobility was a major feature characterising the lives of people in Central Europe even in the third and early second millennium,” said Stockhammer regarding a phenomenon that the researchers believe fostered the development of new technologies in the Bronze Age.

The scientific team used genetic and isotope analysis along with archaeological evaluations to research the remains of 84 individuals buried between 2,500 and 1,650 B.C. in cemeteries belonging to individual homesteads and containing up to several dozen burials made over several generations. (IANS)