Wednesday November 13, 2019

Cambodian farmers to try out Organic farming over rice farming

The major advantage regarding growing vegetables is that they sell at higher prices.

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Rice farming in Cambodia. Image Source: Wikipedia.org
  • Farmers of Cambodia’s Kampong Speu province are eager to grow vegetables like- spinach, cauliflower, lettuce or collard greens
  • here were 7 million people in 2007 under below the poverty line. However, the figure had reduced to 3 million in 2012. But, this growth had declined in last two years
  • According to World Bank, vegetables fetch an income of $1575 per hectare while it is $544 per hectare for cassava and $307 per hectare for rice

Rice is grown by the majority of farmers in Cambodia. But now, farmers have started realizing that growing organic food is also a healthy option and can attract more profit.

Following rice, cassava and maize are the other crops grown by the farmers. But this time farmers of Cambodia’s Kampong Speu province are eager to grow vegetables like- spinach, cauliflower, lettuce or collard greens.

“While the vast majority of Cambodian farmers grow rice, and to a lesser extent cassava and maize, only about a quarter do so commercially,” says an analysis done by VOA.

The major advantage regarding growing vegetables is that they are sold at higher prices. Moreover, it requires only a month and a half to harvest. On the other hand, rice requires almost 6 months to harvest.

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According to farmers, the vegetables grown locally tastes sweet while that imported from other countries tastes plain. They also gave an example of collard greens, which taste sweet when grown locally to validate their point.

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According to a recent study of the World Bank the agriculture sector has helped the people living below the poverty line and has reduced their number as well. There were 7 million people in 2007 below the poverty line. However, the figure had reduced to 3 million in 2012. But, this growth had declined in last two years.

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The World Bank has also suggested that Cambodian farmers need to focus on greater yields by increasing the input and trying different crops to increase their productivity. However, farmers are finding it difficult to implement.

The report also suggests that vegetables fetch an income of $1575 per hectare while it is $544 per hectare for cassava and $307 per hectare for rice.

– The information has been compiled by Aparna Gupta, an intern with NewsGram. Twitter @writetoaparna99

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Consuming Potatoes are as Effective as Carbohydrate Gels: Study

Study's aim was to expand and diversify race-fuelling options for athletes and offset flavour fatigue

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Potatoes
Potatoes are a promising alternative for athletes because they represent a cost-effective, nutrient-dense and whole-food source of carbohydrates. Pixabay

Consuming potato puree during prolonged exercise works just as well as a commercial carbohydrate gel in sustaining blood glucose levels and boosting performance in trained athletes, a new study suggests.

“The research has shown that ingesting concentrated carbohydrate gels during prolonged exercise promotes carbohydrate availability during exercise and improves exercise performance,” said study’s lead author Nicholas Burd, Professor at the University of Illinois in the US.

“Our study aim was to expand and diversify race-fuelling options for athletes and offset flavour fatigue,” Burd said.

Potatoes are a promising alternative for athletes because they represent a cost-effective, nutrient-dense and whole-food source of carbohydrates, the researchers reported in the Journal of Applied Physiology.

Furthermore, they serve as a savoury race fuel option when compared with the high sweetness of carbohydrate gels.

Potatoes
Consuming Potatoes in form of puree during prolonged exercise works just as well as a commercial carbohydrate gel in sustaining blood glucose levels and boosting performance in trained athletes. Pixabay

The researchers recruited 12 participants who were healthy and devoted to their sport, averaging 165 miles per week on their bicycles.

To qualify for the trials, the cyclists had to reach a specific threshold for aerobic fitness and complete the 120-minute cycling challenge followed by a time trial.

Participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions during the experiments: They would consume either water alone, a commercially available carbohydrate gel or an equivalent amount of carbohydrates obtained from potatoes.

The researchers standardised what the 12 cyclists ate for 24 hours before repeating the 120-minute cycling challenge and time trial, which was designed to mirror typical race conditions.

Throughout the exercise, the team measured participants’ blood glucose, core body temperature, exercise intensity, gastric emptying and gastrointestinal symptoms.

The researchers also measured concentrations of lactate, a metabolic marker of intense exercise, in participants’ blood.

Potatoes
The research on Potatoes has shown that ingesting concentrated carbohydrate gels during prolonged exercise promotes carbohydrate availability during exercise and improves exercise performance. Pixabay

“We found no differences between the performance of cyclists who got their carbohydrates by ingesting potatoes or gels at recommended amounts of about 60 grams per hour during the experiments.

“Both groups saw a significant boost in performance that those consuming only water did not achieve,” Burd added.

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According to the study, plasma glucose concentrations went up by a similar amount in those consuming potatoes and gels. (IANS)