Tuesday December 11, 2018

Cambodian farmers to try out Organic farming over rice farming

The major advantage regarding growing vegetables is that they sell at higher prices.

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Rice farming in Cambodia. Image Source: Wikipedia.org
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  • Farmers of Cambodia’s Kampong Speu province are eager to grow vegetables like- spinach, cauliflower, lettuce or collard greens
  • here were 7 million people in 2007 under below the poverty line. However, the figure had reduced to 3 million in 2012. But, this growth had declined in last two years
  • According to World Bank, vegetables fetch an income of $1575 per hectare while it is $544 per hectare for cassava and $307 per hectare for rice

Rice is grown by the majority of farmers in Cambodia. But now, farmers have started realizing that growing organic food is also a healthy option and can attract more profit.

Following rice, cassava and maize are the other crops grown by the farmers. But this time farmers of Cambodia’s Kampong Speu province are eager to grow vegetables like- spinach, cauliflower, lettuce or collard greens.

“While the vast majority of Cambodian farmers grow rice, and to a lesser extent cassava and maize, only about a quarter do so commercially,” says an analysis done by VOA.

The major advantage regarding growing vegetables is that they are sold at higher prices. Moreover, it requires only a month and a half to harvest. On the other hand, rice requires almost 6 months to harvest.

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According to farmers, the vegetables grown locally tastes sweet while that imported from other countries tastes plain. They also gave an example of collard greens, which taste sweet when grown locally to validate their point.

Watch this:

https://youtu.be/flB06T6wKuA

According to a recent study of the World Bank the agriculture sector has helped the people living below the poverty line and has reduced their number as well. There were 7 million people in 2007 below the poverty line. However, the figure had reduced to 3 million in 2012. But, this growth had declined in last two years.

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The World Bank has also suggested that Cambodian farmers need to focus on greater yields by increasing the input and trying different crops to increase their productivity. However, farmers are finding it difficult to implement.

The report also suggests that vegetables fetch an income of $1575 per hectare while it is $544 per hectare for cassava and $307 per hectare for rice.

– The information has been compiled by Aparna Gupta, an intern with NewsGram. Twitter @writetoaparna99

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To Help Poor Countries Adapt To Global Warming, World Bank Doubles Its Funding

Negotiators are also expected to put forth plans to help developing nations adapt to a warming climate.

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Drought, Climate change, global warming
A farmer stands on cracked earth that three weeks earlier created the bottom of a reservoir on his farm, in Groot Marico, South Africa. VOA

The World Bank has announced it is doubling its funding to help poor nations adjust to global warming to $200 billion over five years.

“If we don’t reduce emissions and build adaption now, we’ll have 100 million more people living in poverty by 2030,” the bank’s climate change chief John Roome told the French News Agency.

“And we also know that the less we address this issue proactively in just three regions – Africa, South Asia, and Latin America – we’ll have 133 million climate migrants, Roone cautioned.”

Helping poorer nations adapt to a warmer environment and the weather extremes that come with it include building sturdier homes, finding new sources of fresh water, and what the bank calls “climate smart agriculture.”

Climate change, ice, China, emissions, Global Warming
An ice crevasse is seen on the Baishui Glacier No. 1, the world’s fastest melting glacier due to its proximity to the Equator, on the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain in the southern province of Yunnan in China. VOA

The World bank ‘s announcement comes as delegates from 200 countries started a two week-long climate change conference in Katowice, Poland.

The threat posed by global warming “has never been worse,” U.N. climate chief Patricia Espinosa said Sunday.

The threat posed by global warming “has never been worse,” U.N. climate chief Patricia Espinosa said at the start of climate talks in Poland.

“This year is likely to be one of the four hottest years on record. Climate change impacts have never been worse. This reality is telling us that we need to much more,” she said Sunday.

Negotiators from nearly 200 nations are in the southern Polish city of Katowice for two weeks of talks on implementing the landmark 2015 Paris Accord. Signatories to that agreement pledged to cut greenhouse gas emissions and limit the rise in global temperatures to less than two degrees Celsius by 2030.

Climate change, emissions, Global Warming
U.N. Climate chief Patricia Espinosa (C) is flanked by officials during a press conference at the COP24 climate change summit in Katowice, Poland, VOA

“Looking from the outside perspective, it’s an impossible task,” Poland’s Deputy Environment Minister Michal Kurtyka told the Associated Press last week.

“The United Nations secretary-general is counting on all of us to deliver. There is no ‘Plan B'”

The climate change talks got a boost when 19 of 20 G-20 nations meeting in Buenos Aires reaffirmed their commitment to fighting climate change.

 https://youtu.be/mbt6_4IgZNg

The United States was the only holdout. President Donald Trump has threatened to pull the U.S. out of the Paris agreement because of what he says is the economic damage the treaty’s provisions would cause.

Trump is a promoter of fossil fuels and nuclear power and has proposed renegotiating the Paris Accord – an idea many dismiss as impractical.

Also Read: Climate Change To Get Worse In The Future: Study

Host country Poland is expected to propose what it calls a “just transition” for the oil, gas, and coal industries to ease the financial blow from the move away from such polluting sources of energy.

Negotiators are also expected to put forth plans to help developing nations adapt to a warming climate. (VOA)