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Cancer risks associated with X-rays, CT scans are only theoretical: Study

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New York: The widespread belief that radiations from X-rays and CT scans can cause cancer has flaws and is based on an unproven theoretical model, suggests a study.

To estimate cancer risk from low-dose radiation, scientists used a model known as linear no-threshold (LNT) in the study published in the American Journal of Clinical Oncology.

But risk estimates based on this model “are only theoretical and, as yet, have never been conclusively demonstrated by empirical evidence”, wrote researcher James Welsh from the Loyola University in Chicago.

The use of the LNT model drives unfounded fears and “excessive expenditures on putative but unneeded and wasteful safety measures”, Welsh noted.

In the LNT model, the well-established cancer-causing effects of high doses of radiation are extended downward in a straight line to very low doses.

The model dissuades many physicians from using appropriate imaging techniques and “discourages many in the public from getting proper and needed imaging, all in the name of avoiding any radiation exposure”, the researcher explained.

This model assumes there is no safe dose of radiation, no matter how small.

However, the human body has evolved the ability to repair damage from low-dose radiation that naturally occurs in the environment.

Studies of atomic bomb survivors and other epidemiological studies of human populations have never conclusively demonstrated that low-dose radiation exposure can cause cancer, according to the study.

Any claim that low-dose radiation from medical imaging procedures is known to cause cancer “should be vigorously challenged, because it serves to alarm and perhaps harm, rather than educate”, the scientists suggested.

The LNT model “should finally and decisively be abandoned”, the authors concluded. (IANS)(Photo: www.continentalhospitals.com)

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Jury Grants $2 Billion to Couple Claiming ‘Glysophate’ in Roundup Weed Killer Caused Cancer

Vietnam said it would stop importing Roundup and other weed killers with the ingredient

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FILE - Containers of Roundup are displayed on a store shelf in San Francisco, Feb. 24, 2019. VOA

For the third time in less than a year, a jury has ruled the main ingredient in a popular weed killer caused cancer in its users. A San Francisco jury Monday awarded more than $2 billion to a couple in their 70s who say glyphosate in Roundup weed killer gave them non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

The couple say they used Roundup for 35 years. Attorneys for the couple say numerous scientific studies show glyphosate led to cancer in both animal and human populations.

The World Health Organization has classified glyphosate as “probably carcinogenic to humans” and last month, Vietnam said it would stop importing Roundup and other weed killers with the ingredient.

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The World Health Organization has classified glyphosate as “probably carcinogenic to humans”. Pixabay

Bayer, Roundup’s manufacturer, argued that hundreds of other scientific tests show glyphosate is safe and that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency determined that when used as directed, glyphosate is not dangerous.

ALSO READ: ‘Canine Brucellosis’- A Dog Disease which can Hit Humans in Iowa

Bayer says it is disappointed by Monday’s verdict and plans to appeal. Two other juries in March and last August awarded multimillion-dollar settlements to Roundup victims, and thousands of other cases are pending against the company.

The Wall Street Journal reports the price of shares in Bayer has dropped 30% since its first courtroom defeat in August. The newspaper also says shareholders are angered the German-based company bought Monsanto last year when it sells a product suspected of causing cancer. (VOA)