Never miss a story

Get subscribed to our newsletter


×
Cervical cancer ribbons. Pixabay

As every year 1,32,000 Indian women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and 74,000 dies of the disease, it is considered as one of the deadliest forms of cancer that leads to mortality in women. If we see the Indian statistics, a large population of 436 million women falls into the age bracket of 15 years and above and they all are at the risk of contracting the disease.

Cervical cancer develops in the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina; this opening is called the cervix. It happens when cells in the cervix grow abnormally and get out of control. But, very few are aware of the fact that cancer can be prevented if diagnosed at the right time. It can be prevented with the help of regular PAP smear screening and an HPV vaccine, says Dr. Manisha Ranjan, Consultant Obstetrics and Gynecology at Motherhood Hospital, Noida.


Follow NewsGram on LinkedIn to know what’s happening around the world.

Through the Pap test, the abnormal cells in the cervix are detected that if not diagnosed on time may develop into cancer if left untreated are detected. The doctor may apply a dilute acetic acid solution (vinegar solution) to the cervix, which causes abnormal areas to turn white. Further, a biopsy can be taken from the abnormal area.

Lack of hygiene can transmit HPV

The main way through the transmission of the virus can take place is through the skin to skin contact in the genital area. It’s not mandatory that the virus can be acquired without full sexual intercourse. Therefore it’s essential to use protection as a helpful preventive measure.


Aim of eliminating 50,000 cervical cancer cases in India by 2050. Pixabay

But, it is still not clear whether it fully protects women from acquiring the HPV. Experts have seen the non-sexual transmission of the virus in our country. It can be due to the lack of hygiene in women. The other direct factors leading to cervical cancer are long-term use of hormonal contraceptives, high parity, tobacco, and co-infection with HPV, says Dr. Ranjan.

Mass Vaccination: Need of the hour

In order to fulfill the World Health Organizations’ aim of eliminating 50,000 cervical cancer cases in India by 2050, we have to start a mass vaccination program as early as possible. We have to ensure that 90 percent of the girls receive the HPV vaccine by the age of 15, 70 percent of women screened by age 35.

ALSO READ: Higher Consumption Of Coffee Can Reduce Risk Of Prostate Cancer

Being one of the most life-threatening and dangerous female cancers, there are more than 150 types of HPV strains of which the two potent ones — HPV-16 and HPV-18 that cause cervical cancer. The HPV is more virulent than HIV because they are made of only proteins and DNA and do not have an envelope, thereby it becomes a little difficult to get destroyed easily.

Therefore, it can be eliminated through vaccination only. HPV vaccines are very much available but people don’t have much awareness of them. Despite the availability of the vaccine all around, there are fewer takers for this vaccine because women often ignore their health issues, concludes the doctor. (IANS)


Popular

Pixabay

Kashmir's natural splendour, with its beautiful valleys and towering mountains, is really unlike anywhere.

Along with the undeniable natural beauty, the Kashmir valley has developed a reputation for adventurous activities like trekking, hiking, and river rafting. Kashmir has maintained its charm, allowing us to time-travel into beautiful destinations which make one forget about the stress and worries of life. The hikes in Kashmir offer adventurers to go on a self-discovery trip through nature's lap over the mountains while taking in the breathtaking scenery that surrounds them on their journey. In addition to the hikes, there are many thrilling adventure activities, like rock climbing, rope climbing, etc. Trekking across the region of mountains and lakes will allow you to experience living in the "Paradise on Earth," and you wouldn't want to return to your regular life after that.

The following are some of the finest hiking destinations in Kashmir:

Keep Reading Show less
Photo by Wikimedia Commons.

Pind Daan at Jagannath Ghat, Kolkata.

The Pitru Paksha starts after the Full Moon day, and this day marks the beginning of the waning phase of the Lunar cycle. This event is roughly of 15-day period, and is of great significance. From this day, rituals like Tarpan or Tarpanam and Shradh are carried out to pay respects to dead relatives and ancestors.

It is believed that from the very first day till the last day, the unhappy souls of the deceased return to the Earth to see their family members. So, in order to ensure that the dead attain Moksha, i.e. to get liberation, family members of these souls quench their thirst and satisfy their hunger by performing the Pind Daan, which includes offering food consisting of cooked rice and black sesame seeds. The literal meaning of Pind Daan is the act of satisfying those who no longer exist physically.

Keep Reading Show less
wikimedia commons

Cubbon Park is a lush green garden at the heart of Bangalore

At the heart of Bangalore city, a large 300-acre space of lush greenery and heritage stands as a symbol of the city's past, present, and future. Cubbon Park is every child's favourite park, every Bangalorean's haven of fresh air, and altogether, the city's pride.

It stands testament to the past, in terms of the diversity of flora it houses. Bangalore traffic in the recent past has grown into a menace, but the stretch between MG Road and Cubbon Park is always a pleasurable place to stop and wait for the signal to turn green. The gust of wind that blows here, and the smell of mud, coupled with floral scents instantly transports citizens to Old Bangalore, where the weather was fine, and the trees loomed over roads with thick canopies that did not even allow rainwater to penetrate. Cubbon Park is also a historical site, and one of the few remaining monuments of colonial heritage in Central Bangalore. It houses many statues and among them, the most famous is that of Queen Victoria, which faces the St. Mark's Square.

Keep reading... Show less