Melbourne, May 24, 2017: Children who grow up in poorer homes are more likely to experience puberty earlier than their peers, said an Australian study on Wednesday.
The study, published by the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute (MCRI), found that boys in disadvantaged homes were four times as likely to being puberty at age 10 or 11, while girls were twice as likely, Xinhua news agency reported.
Researchers surveyed the parents of 3,700 children who were part of the ‘Growing Up’ Australia programme on how their children were maturing and the age at which they started to show signs of puberty.
Ying Sun, a visiting academic at the MCRIs from China and lead author of the study, said 19 and 21 per cent respectively of all boys and girls surveyed showed signs of puberty at age 10 or 11 but boys from disadvantaged home were 4.2 times more likely to be part of that group than boys from a favorable background.
She said the difference could be attributed to the bodies of children from poorer families perceiving themselves to be in a dangerous environment.
“I look at it as an evolutionary point,” Sun told Xinhua.
“I think humans are very sensitive to our early childhood environment… and when we feel we are in a dangerous environment our body tells us to fasten our speed of maturation to produce more kids to ensure our genes are passed on to the next generation.” The research has prompted concerns for children growing up in lower socio-economic areas, with early puberty being linked to a series of health complications later in life.
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“Early maturation not only links with emotional, behavioral and social problems during adolescence, it also carries several risks for later life such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and especially reproductive tract cancers, that is the most important thing,” Sun said.
Researchers were able to identify children from disadvantaged homes by gathering data on the annual income going into the household where they were raised.
New Delhi, October 12, 2017: In 2016, an Official data in had revealed that over 41 million children below the age of 5 were affected by obesity. Without due attention and efficient treatment, they are likely to remain obese throughout their lives, with an increased risk of developing a host of diseases and physical and psychological consequences like anxiety, low self-esteem, depression, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and even premature death.
In view of an escalating number of people constantly coming under the ambush of obesity, and with childhood obesity becoming a cause of worry globally, the World Health Organization (WHO) released new guidelines on October 4, emphasizing the growing importance of healthcare experts and professionals, underlining their positive role in helping kids and teenagers fight the global menace.
What is Obesity?
Obesity is defined as ‘excess adipose tissue’. In other words, it is a body-weight disorder involving excessive body fat that exposes an individual to multiple health problems. In case a person’s body-weight is nearly 20 per cent higher than it should be, he is considered obese.
There are different ways to calculate excess adipose tissue, the most common one being the Body Mass Index.
Overweight – BMI greater than or equal to 25
Obesity – BMI greater than or equal to 30
According to data obtained by WHO, one half of all overweight children or obese children lived in Asia, and one-quarter of the total obese children lived in Africa.
According to a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine in June, India ranks second in the number of obese children in the world with China taking the first spot.
The global menace continues to rise rapidly in low and middle-income countries.
Also Read: Obesity leads to 13 types of Cancer, including that of Pancreas and Esophagus: Study
The new report released by WHO on October 4 is titled ‘Assessing and Managing Children at Primary Healthcare Facilities to Prevent Overweight and Obesity in the Context of the Double Burden of Malnutrition’.
The report provides guidelines and updates for the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI). The guidelines attempt to confine the spread of childhood obesity from expanding further, and prescribe undertaking proper assessment of dietary habits along with weight and height measurements. It also recommends dieting and proper counseling by healthcare experts.
Recommendations by WHO
WHO has recommended that primary healthcare facilities should be made available to all children below the age of 5 years and infants. These should include measurement of both weight and height of the children to determine their weight-for height and nutritional status as previously defined by WHO child growth standards.
For children and infants identified as overweight, healthcare experts should provide counseling to parents and caregivers on nutrition and physical activity, which includes creating awareness about healthy practices like exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months and continuing the practice until 2 years or more.
WHO also prescribes that an appropriate management plan should be devised to counter the menace in obese children. This can be developed by a trained health worker at primary healthcare facilities, or local hospitals.
Healthy Eating Tips to Fight Obesity
Here are a few healthy eating tips that will not only help you maintain a healthy weight but will also prove be be beneficial for your metabolism, physical strength and general well-being,
Refrain from unnecessary indulgences or random snacking and encourage healthy snacking choices like popcorns, yogurt, fruits, etc.
Reduce your sugar intake to less than 10 per cent of the total calories for an individual with normal weight.
Consume a gracious serving of seasonal vegetables and fruits everyday that are rich in soluble and insoluble fibres, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.
Make healthy food selections- include whole grain products, avoid excessive use of oil and salt and refrain from processed or packaged food.
A balanced diet must be complimented with regular exercise to counter unnecessary weight gain
– prepared by Soha Kala of NewsGram. Twitter @SohaKala
Oct 06, 2017: Women in the 21st century have achieved success in almost every professional. The Information Technology (IT) in India itself has more women than men. And now, the defense of this country is also being handled by a woman. If they can do so much then why to restrict from travelling solo? Shun the world and start a trend. After all; you are your best company. Below are seven solo female travel destinations to check out!
1. Reykjavik, Iceland
The Global Peace Index of 2016 notes Iceland the safest country in the world. This European country has got this title for six times. But, the safety reason is not just the only thing why one should visit this place. There is a lot more added to the place’s beauty. Along with the place’s attractive touristy points, there are a lot interesting outdoor activities one can catch-up with. This quality of Reykjavik makes undoubtedly makes it one of the best solo female travel destinations.
Attractive tourist spots/ restaurants:
National Museum of Island- Exhibition of materials from the settlement age to the current age can be seen in here.
Hallgrímskirkj- A sheer beauty and the largest church in Iceland.
Perlan- A revolving domed shaped classy and fine dining restaurant in the city.
2. Copenhagen, Denmark
Scandinavian countries have regularly been coming in the highest ranks`in the United Nation’s (UN) World Happiness Index. Along with being a happy country, the country is low on crime rates. The place is extremely safe for women. The Danish lifestyle is beautiful, and the people of the nation are amicable.
Attractive tourist spots:
The Little Mermaid- It is a beautiful bronze mermaid structure made by Edvard Eriksen.
Amalienborg- It is the home of the Danish royal family.
Strøget- The pedestrian street is one of the longest in Europe. The road is full of fantastic shops- from budget-friendly chains to the world’s most expensive brands.
One of the most beautiful, safest and happiest spaces on Earth, Stockholm is one of the best solo female travel destinations. The city has beautiful shopping destinations. From costly brands to budget-friendly local shops, the place has it all.
Attractive tourist spots:
Vasa Museum- It is a maritime museum, which is located on the island of Djurgården, and displays the only almost fully intact 17th century ship, which has ever been salvaged.
Stockholm Palace- The palace is the residence of the Swedish monarch
4. Bergen, Norway
Norway is presently the world’s happiest nation, and the country witnesses the huge amount of tourists and travelling visiting the beautiful cities every year. Bergen is one such beautiful place in Norway where you can have a lovely vacation, and a peaceful one.
Attractive tourist spots:
Bergenhus fortress- It is located at the entrance to the harbor in the city, and is one of the oldest preserved castles of the country.
5. Melbourne, Australia
Melbourne city tops the country’s solo travel destinations list because of its exciting live music, museums, theatres, galleries and restaurants. Well, what else do you want in a vacation? The hipster haven of Brunswick Street is filled with bars, restaurants and vintage shops.
Attractive tourist spots:
Royal Botanic Gardens- One of the most renowned botanical gardens, the place’s beauty is wonderful.
Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium- It is a home to more than 10,000 Aquarius animals.
6. Queenstown, New Zealand
New Zealand is a beautiful oceanic country. It is one of the countries which have the lowest crime rates. You’ll be safe, happy and make the most your vacation in this land of beauty. This should definitely be added to the list of solo female travel destinations.
Attractive tourist spots:
Skyline Gondola- Ride the skyline to catch some of the most stunning views of the city. You will definitely find heaven on Earth.
Glenorchy is a great place in the city to enjoy skydiving, horse riding, and kayaking. It is in a beautiful location.
7. Montreal, Canada
The Multiculturalism which is found in Montreal can be nowhere else in this world. People here are known to be extremely friendly and happy-go-lucky. From its art, food, cuisine and architecture, to its scenic beauty, everything is just mind-blowing.
Attractive tourist spots:
The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts- It is the most prominent art museum of Canada.
Saint Joseph’s Oratory- It is the country’s largest church.
Breastfeeding creates a protective shield for your child against various diseases
A child suffering from Asthma who was breastfed is less prone to Asthma aggravation
Breastfeeding strengthens child’s immunity system by providing all necessary nutrients, minerals, antibodies to the child
Washington D.C., September 4, 2017: When a baby is born, the initial few months are very crucial for the baby’s immunity system. Research says that breast milk develops the immunity system of a child and this immune system protects the child from various health problem throughout his life.
A research was conducted on 960 children aged between 4 to 12 years who were consuming regular asthma medicines.
According to the analysis made on the children suffering from asthma, those children who had been breastfed had a 45% lower risk of asthma exacerbations later in life as compared with children who had not been breastfed.
Dr. Anke Maitland-van der Zee, the senior author of the study, said that although breastfeeding can be seen as a protective factor for asthma exacerbation, the causal relation is still unclear.
According to another research conducted by Erasmus Medical Center in the Netherlands, children who were fed other milk or solids in addition to breast milk in first 4 months had an increased risk of wheezing, dry cough, and persistent phlegm as compared to children who were exclusively breastfed in their first 4 months.
In the early stage of life, changes in the composition and activity of the gut microbiome influence the immune system and these changes might indirectly lead to changes in asthma later in life.
Scientifically, the causal relationship between breast feeding and asthma is not still unknown. But research says that breast feeding plays a vital role in developing a child’s immune and respiratory system. So, in this way, breast feeding does reduce the child’s vulnerability towards Asthma.
-prepared by Shivani Chowdhary of NewsGram. Twitter handle: @cshivani31