Tuesday, January 26, 2021
Home Life Style Health & Fitness Everything You Need to Know About Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Everything You Need to Know About Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease

By Puja Gupta

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes persistent obstruction to airflow in the lungs.

Unlike asthma, this is a largely irreversible and progressive lung disease, where patients often do not realise symptoms, until significant lung damage has already occurred. It’s only when one in at least 40 years old, do symptoms begin to show. COPD is the third leading cause of death in the world and early detection may change its course and progress.

Dr Manoj Goel, Director, Pulmonology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute shares the risk factors:

Follow NewsGram on LinkedIn to know what’s happening around the world.

Living with chronic inflammatory lung disease
‌Exposure to tobacco smoke is the most significant risk factor for COPD. Unsplash

Exposure to tobacco smoke is the most significant risk factor for COPD. About 90 percent of people who have COPD are smokers or former smokers. Between 20 to 30 percent of chronic smokers may develop clinically apparent COPD. The risk increases with every packs and more years of smoking. Other risk factors include second hand smoke, exposure to fumes from burning fuel for cooking and heating in poorly ventilated homes, occupational exposure to dusts and chemicals, genetic disorder alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency and uncontrolled asthma.

What are the symptoms?

COPD makes it harder to breathe. At first, symptoms of COPD can be quite mild and mistake for a cold. Some of the early symptoms which patients may suffer from can include occasional shortness of breath especially after exercise, cough which is mild but recurrent and needing to clear the throat often, especially first thing in the morning which is generally ignored as a simple smoker’s cough. Progressively the symptoms may get worse and harder to ignore. As the lungs become more damaged, you may experience shortness of breath, after even mild exercise such as walking up a flight of stairs, wheezing, frequent colds, chest tightness, chronic cough, flu, lack of energy or other respiratory infections. In later stages of COPD, symptoms may also include fatigue, swelling of the feet and weight loss. Patients suffering from COPD are also likely to experience exacerbations, during which their symptoms in comparison to day-to-day variation becomes worse and persist for several days.

What complications can it cause?

“COPD can cause many complications, including respiratory infections such as colds, the flu and pneumonia which could cause further damage to lung tissue. People with COPD may not be able to care for themselves without assistance. They are at increased risk of heart problems, and lung cancer. They may also be at risk of depression and anxiety. They have more emergency room visits. COPD generally reduces life expectancy,” he answers.

How to live with COPD?

Quit smoking. Avoid biofuel smoke for cooking and other air pollutants at home and at work.

Cooking should be done in well ventilated kitchen.

Pulmonary rehabilitation, which is a personalised treatment program that teaches COPD management strategies to improve quality of life. Programs may include plans that teach people how to breathe better and conserve their energy, as well as provide advice on food and exercise.

Living with chronic inflammatory lung disease
‌Some people may need touse a portable oxygen tank if their blood oxygen levels are low. Unsplash

Take medication regularly which are mainly in the form of inhalers.

Avoid lung infections, certain vaccines such as flu and pneumococcal vaccines, are especially important for people with COPD.

Also Read: The New Normal For Restaurants

Some people may need touse a portable oxygen tank if their blood oxygen levels are low.

Drink plenty of fluids which make the mucus easier to cough out.

Limit caffeinated beverages.

Go easy on the salt as it causes body to retain water, which can strain breathing.

Maintain a healthy weight. (IANS)

For More Health Related News in Hindi, Click Here.

STAY CONNECTED

19,120FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,773FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Green Tax To Be Levied On Polluting Vehicles: Transport Ministry

The Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari on Monday said his department has approved a proposal to levy "Green Tax" on...

38% Indian Women Techies Prefer WHF

Almost 38 per cent Indian women working in a tech or IT industry prefer working at home to working in the office, says a...

Telangana Boy Develops Smart Wristband Aiding Alzheimer’s

A 13-year-old boy from Telangana, who developed a smart wristband to monitor Alzheimer's patients, is one of the recipients of Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal...

Diwali 2022 Opens Doors To An Extended Temple In Dubai

A new Hindu temple in Dubai, the foundation stone of which was laid last August amidst the pandemic, will open its doors to worshippers...

Changing Mood In Ayodhya Chronicled In New Book

Fear, apprehension and suspicion has finally been replaced with a sense of ease and excitement and Ayodhya, after the Supreme Court verdict - is...

Scientists Ask For Strict Measures To Restrict New Covid-19 Strain

With new Covid-19 strains reported from several parts of the world giving fresh threats to the fight against the pandemic, a group of scientists...

Pandemic: An Eye-Opener For Health Sector

The Covid-19 pandemic should serve as an eye-opener for the government to increase allocation for the health sector in the Union Budget 2020-21, feel...

Tri-colour, The Colour Code For Republic Day

Republic day is around the corner and so is the end of winter fashion. So why not end it in style? Here are some...

Recent Comments