Wednesday November 20, 2019

Climate Change: Earth in Danger

Here is how we can change our lifestyle to get rid of the drastic climate change.

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Image source: wikimedia commons
By: Aakash Sinha

Climate change is a terrible problem, and it absolutely needs to be solved. It deserves to be a huge priorityBill Gates.

The temperature of Bengaluru is rising. Maharashtra is facing drought. Glaciers of Arctic and Antarctica are undergoing reduction. European countries are going to face flood like situation by 2020. Sea levels will rise. World will become frost free. Why it is happening? One place is very cool and the other place is too hot. Why?

Is Earth moving towards the end?
The climate of Earth is changing. Global Warming has threatened the whole sphere and the effects are likely to be significant. We can feel the change but we are quiet. According to NASA, climate change is messing up with the movement of Earth. Before 2000, Earth’s spin axis was drifting toward Canada (left globe). Climate change-driven ice loss in Greenland, Antarctica and elsewhere is pulling the direction of drift eastward.

poCredit: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Many such changes are being observed by the scientists happening around the globe.

Who is responsible?

“Social Animal”- the most intelligent creature on Earth is blamable. Human race is very fond of development. Doesn’t matter, how it comes? Scientists claim that there’s 90 per cent probability that human activities over the past 50 years have warmed our planet. An industrial effluent like Carbon dioxide is the major ingredient of greenhouse gas which is damaging the nature continuously. Further, the Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s) used in air conditioners and refrigerator is primarily responsible for the depletion of ‘ozone layer’. Ozone layer is the protection layer around the Earth which reflects back the ultra violet rays from the sun.

What would be the consequences?

  • Rising Temperature: Green House gases from power plants, Vehicle exhaust, and deforestation are mainly responsible for the increment in temperature. Scientists project that if emissions of greenhouse gas are not reduced, we can see increment of 3 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of century. One degree is enough to change the whole climatic conditions on Earth. 

 

  • Shifting of Vegetation: As the temperature of Earth will rise, it will tend to change the pattern of rainfall and snowfall. Trees and plants will adapt the Polar and Mountain Regions. Temperature of a place is an important condition for vegetation.

 

  • Irreversible Extinction: Due to severe change in climatic conditions, the wildlife will be unable to adjust with the conditions. Experts claim that 25% of Earth species could be headed for extinction due to climate change.

 

  • Rising Waters: With Earth heating up day by day, the waters in ocean and sea will rise resulting in submerging of lands. According to the report prepared by group of ecologists led by Dr. M Zafar-ul Islam, “The Indian sub-continent may lose close to 14,000 sq. km of land with the rise of 1 meter of sea level”.

 

  • Flood and Drought situation: The rise in temperature increases the risk of drought situation. Due to climate change there will be increase in summer time and decrease in spring and rainy season. Land affected by drought is more vulnerable to floods during rainy seasons. These can have an adverse effect on human health. Asia and Africa are already facing this situation. Presently Indian state, Maharashtra is facing drought.

 

  • Human Health: Due to rising temperature, people are dying of heat-related illness. Scientists have linked deadly heat waves to climate change and warn more to come. Several Bacteria, microbes and insects are finding suitable condition to breed in places which were too cool for them to adapt. In 2015, more than 2500 people died in India due to Heat stroke.

What more climate change can do? Low yield in crops are forcing millions of people to starve.

What we can do?

We cannot stop the climate change suddenly. Rather, we can slow down the change happening in nature.

Some of the conscious efforts which we can contribute are:-

  • Use less Energy:
  1. Turn OFF the appliances at home, when not in use.
  2. The energy efficient appliances can help in saving bills as well as reducing Carbon emissions.
  • Be Eco-friendly:
  1. Don’t use flights. Use a train or alternative transport.
  2. Minimize the shopping trips. Try to make a list and buy all at a time.
  3. Walk to small distances rather than using a vehicle.
  • Change your habits:
  1. Use public transports or pool a car.
  2. Shut down computer rather logging off.
  3. Spread your good habits.
  • Consume less Non-Veg:

According to a report published by Worldwatch Institute, 51 percent or more of global greenhouse gas emissions are caused by animal agriculture. So we can consume less meat, egg and dairy products to prevent global warming.

  • Teach your next generation:

It’s very important to educate the coming generation about the current situation of environment. So, pass on your habits to them so that they don’t repeat the same mistake.

Our Earth needs our attention. We still have time.

SAVE THE PLANET

Aakash is pursuing B.E , Electrical and Electronics Engineering from                       Sir M. Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology, Bangalore. Twitter:@aakashsinha1994

 

  • Pritam Go Green

    Climate change … yes indeed earth is in danger. i guess that’s the reason people r now searching for a new planet .

  • Pritam Go Green

    Indeed earth is in danger ..Thtat’s the reason we are now shifting our gears to different planet

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Danger is due to human activities. There should be some initiatives taken by us to reduce or compensate whatever harm we’ve done to our planet

SHARE
  • Pritam Go Green

    Climate change … yes indeed earth is in danger. i guess that’s the reason people r now searching for a new planet .

  • Pritam Go Green

    Indeed earth is in danger ..Thtat’s the reason we are now shifting our gears to different planet

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Danger is due to human activities. There should be some initiatives taken by us to reduce or compensate whatever harm we’ve done to our planet

Next Story

Climate Change Would Affect Health Of Indian Children: Lancet

Climate change would hit health of Indian children hard, says study by Lancet

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Children in India will be particularly vulnerable to the ill effects of climate change. Pixabay

Children in India will be particularly vulnerable to the ill effects of climate change such as worsening air quality, higher food prices and rise in infectious diseases, warns a new study published in the journal The Lancet.

Climatic suitability for the Vibrio bacteria that cause cholera is rising three per cent a year in India since the early 1980s, said the report.

“With its huge population and high rates of healthcare inequality, poverty, and malnutrition, few countries are likely to suffer from the health effects of climate change as much as India,” said study co-author Poornima Prabhakaran from the Public Health Foundation of India.

“Diarrhoeal infections, a major cause of child mortality, will spread into new areas, whilst deadly heatwaves, similar to the one in 2015 that killed thousands of people in India, could soon become the norm,” Prabhakaran said.

Through adolescence and into adulthood, a child born today will be breathing more toxic air, driven by the fossil fuels and made worse by rising temperatures.

This is especially damaging to young people as their lungs are still developing, so polluted air takes a great toll, contributing to reduced lung function, worsening asthma, and increasing the risk of heart attacks and stroke.

Later in life, a child born today will face increased risk from severe floods, prolonged droughts, and wildfires.

 

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Children in India breathe toxic air and may develop lung diseases. Pixabay

Most countries have experienced an increase in people exposed to wildfires since 2001-2004 with a financial toll per person 48 times larger than flooding.

India alone saw an increase of more than 21 million exposures, and China around 17 million, resulting in direct deaths and respiratory illness as well as loss of homes, said the report.

“Over the past two decades, the Government of India has launched many initiatives and programmes to address a variety of diseases and risk factors. But this report shows that the public health gains achieved over the past 50 years could soon be reversed by the changing climate,” Prabhakaran said.

The “Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change” is a yearly analysis tracking progress across 41 key indicators, demonstrating what action to meet Paris Agreement targets — or business as usual — means for human health.

The project is a collaboration between 120 experts from 35 institutions including the World Health Organisation (WHO), World Bank, University College London, and Tsinghua University.

For the world to meet its UN climate goals and protect the health of the next generation, the energy landscape will have to change drastically, the report warns.

Also Read- Prince Charles Talks Climate Change in India

Nothing short of a 7.4 per cent year-on-year cut in fossil CO2 emissions from 2019 to 2050 will limit global warming to the more ambitious goal of 1.5 degree Celsius, said the report. If the world follows a business-as-usual pathway, with high carbon emissions and climate change continuing at the current rate, a child born today will face a world on average over 4 degree Celsius warmer by their 71st birthday, threatening their health at every stage of their lives. (IANS)