Monday March 18, 2019

Climate Change: Earth in Danger

Here is how we can change our lifestyle to get rid of the drastic climate change.

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Image source: wikimedia commons
By: Aakash Sinha

Climate change is a terrible problem, and it absolutely needs to be solved. It deserves to be a huge priorityBill Gates.

The temperature of Bengaluru is rising. Maharashtra is facing drought. Glaciers of Arctic and Antarctica are undergoing reduction. European countries are going to face flood like situation by 2020. Sea levels will rise. World will become frost free. Why it is happening? One place is very cool and the other place is too hot. Why?

Is Earth moving towards the end?
The climate of Earth is changing. Global Warming has threatened the whole sphere and the effects are likely to be significant. We can feel the change but we are quiet. According to NASA, climate change is messing up with the movement of Earth. Before 2000, Earth’s spin axis was drifting toward Canada (left globe). Climate change-driven ice loss in Greenland, Antarctica and elsewhere is pulling the direction of drift eastward.

poCredit: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Many such changes are being observed by the scientists happening around the globe.

Who is responsible?

“Social Animal”- the most intelligent creature on Earth is blamable. Human race is very fond of development. Doesn’t matter, how it comes? Scientists claim that there’s 90 per cent probability that human activities over the past 50 years have warmed our planet. An industrial effluent like Carbon dioxide is the major ingredient of greenhouse gas which is damaging the nature continuously. Further, the Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s) used in air conditioners and refrigerator is primarily responsible for the depletion of ‘ozone layer’. Ozone layer is the protection layer around the Earth which reflects back the ultra violet rays from the sun.

What would be the consequences?

  • Rising Temperature: Green House gases from power plants, Vehicle exhaust, and deforestation are mainly responsible for the increment in temperature. Scientists project that if emissions of greenhouse gas are not reduced, we can see increment of 3 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of century. One degree is enough to change the whole climatic conditions on Earth. 

 

  • Shifting of Vegetation: As the temperature of Earth will rise, it will tend to change the pattern of rainfall and snowfall. Trees and plants will adapt the Polar and Mountain Regions. Temperature of a place is an important condition for vegetation.

 

  • Irreversible Extinction: Due to severe change in climatic conditions, the wildlife will be unable to adjust with the conditions. Experts claim that 25% of Earth species could be headed for extinction due to climate change.

 

  • Rising Waters: With Earth heating up day by day, the waters in ocean and sea will rise resulting in submerging of lands. According to the report prepared by group of ecologists led by Dr. M Zafar-ul Islam, “The Indian sub-continent may lose close to 14,000 sq. km of land with the rise of 1 meter of sea level”.

 

  • Flood and Drought situation: The rise in temperature increases the risk of drought situation. Due to climate change there will be increase in summer time and decrease in spring and rainy season. Land affected by drought is more vulnerable to floods during rainy seasons. These can have an adverse effect on human health. Asia and Africa are already facing this situation. Presently Indian state, Maharashtra is facing drought.

 

  • Human Health: Due to rising temperature, people are dying of heat-related illness. Scientists have linked deadly heat waves to climate change and warn more to come. Several Bacteria, microbes and insects are finding suitable condition to breed in places which were too cool for them to adapt. In 2015, more than 2500 people died in India due to Heat stroke.

What more climate change can do? Low yield in crops are forcing millions of people to starve.

What we can do?

We cannot stop the climate change suddenly. Rather, we can slow down the change happening in nature.

Some of the conscious efforts which we can contribute are:-

  • Use less Energy:
  1. Turn OFF the appliances at home, when not in use.
  2. The energy efficient appliances can help in saving bills as well as reducing Carbon emissions.
  • Be Eco-friendly:
  1. Don’t use flights. Use a train or alternative transport.
  2. Minimize the shopping trips. Try to make a list and buy all at a time.
  3. Walk to small distances rather than using a vehicle.
  • Change your habits:
  1. Use public transports or pool a car.
  2. Shut down computer rather logging off.
  3. Spread your good habits.
  • Consume less Non-Veg:

According to a report published by Worldwatch Institute, 51 percent or more of global greenhouse gas emissions are caused by animal agriculture. So we can consume less meat, egg and dairy products to prevent global warming.

  • Teach your next generation:

It’s very important to educate the coming generation about the current situation of environment. So, pass on your habits to them so that they don’t repeat the same mistake.

Our Earth needs our attention. We still have time.

SAVE THE PLANET

Aakash is pursuing B.E , Electrical and Electronics Engineering from                       Sir M. Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology, Bangalore. Twitter:@aakashsinha1994

 

  • Pritam Go Green

    Climate change … yes indeed earth is in danger. i guess that’s the reason people r now searching for a new planet .

  • Pritam Go Green

    Indeed earth is in danger ..Thtat’s the reason we are now shifting our gears to different planet

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Danger is due to human activities. There should be some initiatives taken by us to reduce or compensate whatever harm we’ve done to our planet

SHARE
  • Pritam Go Green

    Climate change … yes indeed earth is in danger. i guess that’s the reason people r now searching for a new planet .

  • Pritam Go Green

    Indeed earth is in danger ..Thtat’s the reason we are now shifting our gears to different planet

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Danger is due to human activities. There should be some initiatives taken by us to reduce or compensate whatever harm we’ve done to our planet

Next Story

Students Worldwide Skip School to Protest Government’s Failure against Global Warming

They're angry at their elders, and they're not taking it sitting down

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global warming, climate change
Students from different institutions hold placards and banners as they participate in a climate protest in New Delhi, India, March 15, 2019. VOA

They’re angry at their elders, and they’re not taking it sitting down.

Students worldwide are skipping class Friday to take to the streets to protest their governments’ failure to take sufficient action against global warming.

The coordinated “school strikes,” being held from the South Pacific to the edge of the Arctic Circle, were inspired by 16-year-old Swedish activist Greta Thunberg, who began holding solitary demonstrations outside the Swedish parliament last year.

Since then, the weekly protests have snowballed from a handful of cities to hundreds, driven by social media-savvy students and dramatic headlines about the impact of climate change.

climate change, global warming
Students attend a protest ralley of the “Friday For Future Movement” in Berlin, Germany, March 15, 2019. VOA

Thunberg, who was recently nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize, was cheered for her blunt message to leaders at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland this year, when she told them: “I want you to panic. I want you to feel the fear I feel every day.”

Friday’s rallies are expected to be one of the biggest international actions yet. Protests were under way or planned in cities in more than 100 countries, including Hong Kong; New Delhi; Wellington, New Zealand; and Oulo, Finland.

In Berlin some 10,000 protesters, most of them young students, gathered in a downtown square, waving signs with slogans such as “There is no planet B” and “Climate Protection Report Card: F” before a march through the capital’s government quarter. The march was to end with a demonstration outside Chancellor Angela Merkel’s office.

Organizer Carla Reemtsma, a 20-year-old university student, said social media had been key in reaching people directly to coordinate the massive protests in so many different locations, noting that she was in 50 WhatsApp groups and fielding some 30,000 messages a day.

“It’s really important that people are getting together all over the world, because it’s affecting us all,” she said.

Critics, supporters

Some politicians have criticized the students, suggesting they should be spending their time in school, not on the streets.

“One can’t expect children and young people to see all of the global connections, what’s technically reasonable and economically possible,” said the head of Germany’s pro-business Free Democratic Party, Christian Lindner. “That’s a matter for professionals.”

climate change, global warming
Students hold signs during a rally for global climate strike for future in Seoul, South Korea, March 15, 2019. VOA

But scientists have backed the protests, with thousands signing petitions in support of the students in Britain, Finland and Germany.

“We are the professionals and we’re saying the young generation is right,” said Volker Quaschning, a professor of engineering at Berlin’s University of Applied Sciences.

“We should be incredibly grateful and appreciative of their bravery,” said Quaschning, one of more than 23,000 German-speaking scientists to sign a letter of support this week. “Because in a sense, it’s incredibly brave not to go to school for once.”

Scientists have warned for decades that current levels of greenhouse gas emissions are unsustainable, so far with little effect. In 2015, world leaders agreed in Paris to a goal of keeping the Earth’s global temperature rise by the end of the century well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).

Yet at present, the world is on track for an increase of 4 degrees Celsius, which experts say would have far-reaching consequences for life on the planet.

“As a doctor, I can say it makes a big difference whether you’ve got a fever of 41 degrees Celsius (105.8 Fahrenheit) or 43 C (109.4 F),” said Eckart von Hirschhausen, a German scientist who signed the call supporting striking students. “One of those is compatible with life, the other isn’t.”

Other action

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron have publicly welcomed the student protests, even as their policies have been criticized as too limited by environmental activists.

In France, activist groups launched legal action this week for failing to do enough to fight climate change, citing a similar successful effort in the Netherlands.

climate change, global warming
Hundreds of schoolchildren take part in a climate protest in Hong Kong, March 15, 2019. VOA

In Germany, environmental groups and experts have attacked government plans to continue using coal and natural gas for decades to come. Activists say that countries like Germany should fully “decarbonize” by 2040, giving less-advanced nations a bit more time to wean themselves off fossil fuels while still meeting the Paris goal globally.

Other changes needed to curb greenhouse gas emissions include ramping up renewable energy production, reining in over-consumption culture now spreading beyond the industrialized West and changing diets, experts say.

“The fight against climate change is going to be uncomfortable, in parts, and we need to have a society-wide discussion about this,” said Quaschning.

ALSO READ: The Flamboyant Plastic Waste Boat Reminds The Global Policy-Makers The Urgency To Address Impact Of Plastics on The World’s Marine Environment

That conversation is likely to get louder, with several U.S. presidential hopefuls planning to campaign on climate change.

Luisa Neubauer, one of the Berlin group organizing Fridays for Future, said politicians should take note of the young.

“For the European elections in May, we’re urging everyone to think about whether they want to give their vote to a party that doesn’t have a plan for the future and the climate,” she said. (VOA)