Sunday April 22, 2018

Climate Change: Earth in Danger

Here is how we can change our lifestyle to get rid of the drastic climate change.

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By: Aakash Sinha

Climate change is a terrible problem, and it absolutely needs to be solved. It deserves to be a huge priorityBill Gates.

The temperature of Bengaluru is rising. Maharashtra is facing drought. Glaciers of Arctic and Antarctica are undergoing reduction. European countries are going to face flood like situation by 2020. Sea levels will rise. World will become frost free. Why it is happening? One place is very cool and the other place is too hot. Why?

Is Earth moving towards the end?
The climate of Earth is changing. Global Warming has threatened the whole sphere and the effects are likely to be significant. We can feel the change but we are quiet. According to NASA, climate change is messing up with the movement of Earth. Before 2000, Earth’s spin axis was drifting toward Canada (left globe). Climate change-driven ice loss in Greenland, Antarctica and elsewhere is pulling the direction of drift eastward.

poCredit: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Many such changes are being observed by the scientists happening around the globe.

Who is responsible?

“Social Animal”- the most intelligent creature on Earth is blamable. Human race is very fond of development. Doesn’t matter, how it comes? Scientists claim that there’s 90 per cent probability that human activities over the past 50 years have warmed our planet. An industrial effluent like Carbon dioxide is the major ingredient of greenhouse gas which is damaging the nature continuously. Further, the Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s) used in air conditioners and refrigerator is primarily responsible for the depletion of ‘ozone layer’. Ozone layer is the protection layer around the Earth which reflects back the ultra violet rays from the sun.

What would be the consequences?

  • Rising Temperature: Green House gases from power plants, Vehicle exhaust, and deforestation are mainly responsible for the increment in temperature. Scientists project that if emissions of greenhouse gas are not reduced, we can see increment of 3 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of century. One degree is enough to change the whole climatic conditions on Earth. 

 

  • Shifting of Vegetation: As the temperature of Earth will rise, it will tend to change the pattern of rainfall and snowfall. Trees and plants will adapt the Polar and Mountain Regions. Temperature of a place is an important condition for vegetation.

 

  • Irreversible Extinction: Due to severe change in climatic conditions, the wildlife will be unable to adjust with the conditions. Experts claim that 25% of Earth species could be headed for extinction due to climate change.

 

  • Rising Waters: With Earth heating up day by day, the waters in ocean and sea will rise resulting in submerging of lands. According to the report prepared by group of ecologists led by Dr. M Zafar-ul Islam, “The Indian sub-continent may lose close to 14,000 sq. km of land with the rise of 1 meter of sea level”.

 

  • Flood and Drought situation: The rise in temperature increases the risk of drought situation. Due to climate change there will be increase in summer time and decrease in spring and rainy season. Land affected by drought is more vulnerable to floods during rainy seasons. These can have an adverse effect on human health. Asia and Africa are already facing this situation. Presently Indian state, Maharashtra is facing drought.

 

  • Human Health: Due to rising temperature, people are dying of heat-related illness. Scientists have linked deadly heat waves to climate change and warn more to come. Several Bacteria, microbes and insects are finding suitable condition to breed in places which were too cool for them to adapt. In 2015, more than 2500 people died in India due to Heat stroke.

What more climate change can do? Low yield in crops are forcing millions of people to starve.

What we can do?

We cannot stop the climate change suddenly. Rather, we can slow down the change happening in nature.

Some of the conscious efforts which we can contribute are:-

  • Use less Energy:
  1. Turn OFF the appliances at home, when not in use.
  2. The energy efficient appliances can help in saving bills as well as reducing Carbon emissions.
  • Be Eco-friendly:
  1. Don’t use flights. Use a train or alternative transport.
  2. Minimize the shopping trips. Try to make a list and buy all at a time.
  3. Walk to small distances rather than using a vehicle.
  • Change your habits:
  1. Use public transports or pool a car.
  2. Shut down computer rather logging off.
  3. Spread your good habits.
  • Consume less Non-Veg:

According to a report published by Worldwatch Institute, 51 percent or more of global greenhouse gas emissions are caused by animal agriculture. So we can consume less meat, egg and dairy products to prevent global warming.

  • Teach your next generation:

It’s very important to educate the coming generation about the current situation of environment. So, pass on your habits to them so that they don’t repeat the same mistake.

Our Earth needs our attention. We still have time.

SAVE THE PLANET

Aakash is pursuing B.E , Electrical and Electronics Engineering from                       Sir M. Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology, Bangalore. Twitter:@aakashsinha1994

 

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  • Pritam Go Green

    Climate change … yes indeed earth is in danger. i guess that’s the reason people r now searching for a new planet .

  • Pritam Go Green

    Indeed earth is in danger ..Thtat’s the reason we are now shifting our gears to different planet

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Danger is due to human activities. There should be some initiatives taken by us to reduce or compensate whatever harm we’ve done to our planet

  • Pritam Go Green

    Climate change … yes indeed earth is in danger. i guess that’s the reason people r now searching for a new planet .

  • Pritam Go Green

    Indeed earth is in danger ..Thtat’s the reason we are now shifting our gears to different planet

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Danger is due to human activities. There should be some initiatives taken by us to reduce or compensate whatever harm we’ve done to our planet

Next Story

World could see 140mn climate migrants by 2050: Report

World Bank Chief Executive Officer Kristalina Georgieva said the new research provides a wake-up call to countries and development institutions

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climate change is happening at a quickened pace and thus leading to melting of huge ice bergs
climate change is happening at a quickened pace and thus leading to melting of huge ice bergs
  • Three regions can witness migration due to climate change
  • The regions also include South Asia
  • It is important to take measures to control climate change

Three densely populated regions of the world, including South Asia, could see internal climate migrants of over 140 million people in the next three decades if climate change impacts continue, a new World Bank Group report finds.

The report, “Groundswell — Preparing for Internal Climate Migration”, released on Monday, finds that unless urgent climate and development action is taken globally and nationally, the three regions — Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America — together could be dealing with tens of millions of internal climate migrants by 2050.

World can witness migration of many due to climate change. VOA
World can witness migration of many due to climate change. VOA

These people will be forced to move from increasingly non-viable areas of their countries due to growing problems like water scarcity, crop failure, sea-level rise and storm surges.

The “climate migrants” would be an addition to the millions of people already moving within their countries for economic, social, political or other reasons, the report warns. The exodus could create a looming humanitarian crisis and will threaten the development process.

Also Read: Climate change driving dramatic rise in sea levels: NASA

However, with concerted actions — including global efforts to cut greenhouse gas emissions and robust development planning at the country level — this scenario could be dramatically reduced by up to 80 per cent or more than 100 million people.

The report is the first and most comprehensive study of its kind to focus on the nexus between slow-onset climate change impacts, internal migration patterns and, development in these three developing regions of the world.

World Bank Chief Executive Officer Kristalina Georgieva said the new research provides a wake-up call to countries and development institutions. “We have a small window now, before the effects of climate change deepen, to prepare the ground for this new reality,” Georgieva said.

It is important to control climate change now.

“Steps cities take to cope with the upward trend of arrivals from rural areas and to improve opportunities for education, training and jobs will pay long-term dividends. It’s also important to help people make good decisions about whether to stay where they are or move to new locations where they are less vulnerable.”

The research team, led by World Bank Lead Environmental Specialist Kanta Kumari Rigaud, include researchers and modellers from CIESIN Columbia University, CUNY Institute of Demographic Research, and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.

Also Read: Maharashtra’s climate action plan yielded disappointments

They applied a multi-dimensional modelling approach to estimate the potential scale of internal climate migration across the three regions. They looked at three potential climate change and development scenarios, comparing the most “pessimistic” (high greenhouse gas emissions and unequal development paths), to “climate-friendly” and “more inclusive development” scenarios in which climate and national development action increases in line with the challenge. Across each scenario, they applied demographic, socio-economic and climate impact data at a 14 sq.km grid-cell level to model likely shifts in population within countries.

This approach identified major “hotspots” of climate in- and out-migration – areas from which people are expected to move and urban, peri-urban and rural areas to which people will try to move to build new lives and livelihoods. “Without the right planning and support, people migrating from rural areas into cities could be facing new and even more dangerous risks,” the report added. IANS