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Coolie Woman -story of woman struggles during Migration

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New Delhi: Coolie Woman is the story of a young woman who sailed all the away from India to Guiana as a ”coolie”. British had coined this term for the indentured laborers who worked as slaves on sugar plantation around the world.
The protagonist in the book is pregnant and traveling alone and like many others, her story has faded in past. Gaiutra Bahadur, the writer, and great-granddaughter of the woman, is on a journey to find her. During her expedition through three continents and uncounted colonial archives, she finds the lost stories of million other women like her great-grandmother who were widows, runaways or outcasts.
Coolie woman is the story of survival. It is the story of the beginning of the Indian culture existing today in the Caribbean islands.
Coolie Woman was published in 2013 in the US, UK, India, Caribbean and South Africa. The book was shortlisted for the UK’s Orwell Book Prize and was the winner of 2014 Gordon K and Sybil Lewis Prize for the best book about the Caribbean.
Writer Gaiutra Bahadur is an award-winning American journalist. She writes on the issue of migration and gender. Her many articles have been published at various places New York Times, Washington Post and The Observer.
The book Coolie woman is available on Amazon. com.

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India 2nd in Government Requests for Users’ Data on Facebook

In the second half of 2018, Facebook identified 53 disruptions of Facebook services in nine countries, compared to 48 disruptions in eight nations in the first half of 2018

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facebook, personal data
FILE - A man poses for a photo in front of a computer showing Facebook ad preferences in San Francisco, California, March 26, 2018. VOA

The Indian government requested Facebook to provide data for 20,805 users (including 861 emergency requests) — second only to the US government — in the July-December 2018 period and the social networking giant provided some data in 53 per cent of the cases.

During the second half of 2018, the volume of content restrictions based on local law increased globally by 135 per cent — from 15,337 to 35,972.

“This increase was primarily driven by 16,600 items we restricted in India based on a Delhi High Court order regarding claims made about PepsiCo products,” said Facebook in its latest Transparency Report for the second half of 2018.

The US government asked for users’ data in 41,336 cases wherein Facebook provided some information in 88 per cent of the cases.

“In the second half of 2018, government requests for user data increased globally by seven per cent from 103,815 to 110,634,” Chris Sonderby, Vice President and Deputy General Counsel at Facebook, said in a statement late Thursday.

“Of the total volume, the US continues to submit the highest number of requests, followed by India, the UK, Germany and France,” he added.

In a separate post, Facebook said it removed more than three billion fake accounts in the October 2018-March 2019 period, saying that about 5 per cent of its monthly active users were fake.

facebook, iphone, new york
FILE – The Facebook app icon is shown on an iPhone in New York. VOA

Facebook disabled 1.2 billion accounts in Q4 2018 and 2.19 billion in Q1 2019.

“For fake accounts, the amount of accounts we took action on increased due to automated attacks by bad actors who attempt to create large volumes of accounts at one time,” Guy Rosen, Facebook’s vice president for integrity, said in a blog post.

According to Rosen, for every 10,000 times people who view content on Facebook, 11 to 14 views contained content that violate the platform’s adult nudity and sexual activity policy.

In the second half of 2018, Facebook identified 53 disruptions of Facebook services in nine countries, compared to 48 disruptions in eight nations in the first half of 2018.

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“This half, India accounted for 85 per cent of total new global disruptions,” the company informed.

In this period, on Facebook and Instagram, the company took down 2,595,410 pieces of content based on 511,706 copyright reports; 215,877 pieces of content based on 81,243 trademark reports; and 781,875 pieces of content based on 62,829 counterfeit reports.

“In Q1 2019, we took action on about 900,000 pieces of drug sale content, of which 83.3 per cent we detected pro-actively. In the same period, we took action on about 670,000 pieces of firearm sale content, of which 69.9 per cent we detected pro-actively,” added Rosen. (IANS)