Saturday August 24, 2019

Countries with Stricter Rape Law Limit Chances of Civil War: Study

Rape laws can be another proxy to look at gender equality in society

0
//
Rape law
Rape law in country. Pixabay
  • Stricter rape law that punishes rapists with long punitive sentences are less likely to have a civil war and strife
  • The transmission of rape laws across countries correlates with democratization and a general trend toward progressive laws
  • The findings support research that has identified political liberalism and progressive, individualistic and emancipatory ideas, including gay rights

New York, Sep 07, 2017: Countries that punish rapists with long punitive sentences are less likely to have a civil war and strife, new research has found.

“The transmission of rape laws across countries correlates with democratization and a general trend toward progressive laws. It proceeds then that countries are more likely to adopt gender-neutral laws and stricter laws against rape,” said the study’s lead author Nazli Avdan, Assistant Professor of Political Science at University of Kansas in the US.

The researchers paired a statistical analysis of data on rape legislation for 194 countries across the world from 1965 to 2005 with the number of civil wars over that time span.

The study, published in the journal Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, addresses an expanding body of research that argues that gender inequality heightens the probability of intrastate conflict by creating a structure of violence.

The researchers argued that nations that have laws that are gender neutral in how they protect citizens, especially in granting equal protection and rights to women, increase the chance that the state’s society would embody liberal and progressive norms.

Also Read: What Gives Husbands The Licence to Rape? Decoding Marital Rape in the Indian Legal Scenario 

“These norms cohere with ideas about peaceful conflict resolution,” Avdan said.

“These ideas in turn mitigate civil conflict,” she added.

The researchers found that countries that did little to punish perpetrators of rape likely include exemptions for the crime of rape if the perpetrator and victim are married, or possibly they treat genders differently under the law.

In other cases, some penal systems exonerate the assailant if he agrees to marry the rape victim.

“A so-called marriage loophole is a situation with a perpetrator is married to a victim would exonerate the assailant,” Avdan said.

“That is at its core a misogynistic policy. Countries with these policies – for example, Middle Eastern countries like Jordan and Lebanon but also other countries such as the Philippines — have received condemnation for not reforming these laws,” Avdan added.

The findings support research that has identified political liberalism and progressive, individualistic and emancipatory ideas, including gay rights, for example, tend to correlate with reduced propensities of armed conflicts.

“Rape law showcases an angle about gender norms,” Avdan said.

“And we know that masculine norms tend to support militarism and militant nationalism as well. Rape law can be another proxy to look at gender equality in society,” she added. (IANS)

Next Story

We Need Commercial Films on Gay Rights, Says Actor Ayushmann Khurrana

About his priority while selecting a role, he said: “I always keep (the film’s) story before of me (as an actor). The stories of the characters I am portraying now are different, charismatic and real. They are commercial in their own way. I am glad I have reached this space and I hope it continues,” he said

0
Ayushmann Khurrana
Ayushmann Khurrana. (Wikimedia Commons)

By Durga Chakravarty

From a virile sperm donor in “Vicky Donor” to a person suffering from erectile dysfunction in “Shubh Mangal Savdhan”, and from a blind musician in “AndhaDhun” to an idealistic cop in “Article 15”, Ayushmann Khurrana has proved his range has an actor.

He is now all set to take his game to the next level, and impress the audience playing a homosexual man in the upcoming “Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan”. The actor says it is important that a film based on gay rights be made in the commercial mainstream space.

Ayushmann, who is currently riding the success of his latest release “Article 15”, has an interesting slate of four films coming up — “Dream Girl,” Bala”, “Gulabo Sitabo” and “Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan”.

“‘Shubh Mangal Zyada Saavdhan’ is an important film in the commercial mainstream space. It is important to make films based on gay rights in the commercial sphere because that way you are not preaching the converted,” Ayushmann told IANS, adding: “You are probably talking to those who have biases against towards homosexuals. We have to reach to the lowest common denominator. They need to watch the film and realise how important it is to give gay people their rights.”

The 34-year-old star’s slant at signing quirky roles sees him play a prematurely balding man in “Bala”.

Ayushmann Khurrana
Was confident of my film choices: Ayushmann Khurrana. (Wikimedia Commons)

“It’s a great shift. ‘Bala’ has romance, but it highlights a different issue (baldness). (It is an issue) that 50 per cent men deal with after 30. It’s a prevalent subject and (I wonder) how we missed it till now. After all, we have tackled subjects such as sperm donation, body shaming and aging pregnant parents,” he said.

“Baldness is among the most common issues, so I am glad I am doing it right now,” Ayushmann added.

It has been seven years in the Hindi film industry for Ayushmann and he credits all his films for helping him evolve.

Also Read: Xiaomi-backed Company Black Shark Prepping to Launch 5G Phones in 2020

“Every single film has helped me discover myself and also set a new benchmark. I am glad to get such subjects. At the same time, in these seven years I have got the validation that people are accepting my choices. This gives me more courage to go with my intuition. I am in a happy space now,” he said.

About his priority while selecting a role, he said: “I always keep (the film’s) story before of me (as an actor). The stories of the characters I am portraying now are different, charismatic and real. They are commercial in their own way. I am glad I have reached this space and I hope it continues,” he said. (IANS)