Saturday July 21, 2018

Countries with Stricter Rape Law Limit Chances of Civil War: Study

Rape laws can be another proxy to look at gender equality in society

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Rape law
Rape law in country. Pixabay
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  • Stricter rape law that punishes rapists with long punitive sentences are less likely to have a civil war and strife
  • The transmission of rape laws across countries correlates with democratization and a general trend toward progressive laws
  • The findings support research that has identified political liberalism and progressive, individualistic and emancipatory ideas, including gay rights

New York, Sep 07, 2017: Countries that punish rapists with long punitive sentences are less likely to have a civil war and strife, new research has found.

“The transmission of rape laws across countries correlates with democratization and a general trend toward progressive laws. It proceeds then that countries are more likely to adopt gender-neutral laws and stricter laws against rape,” said the study’s lead author Nazli Avdan, Assistant Professor of Political Science at University of Kansas in the US.

The researchers paired a statistical analysis of data on rape legislation for 194 countries across the world from 1965 to 2005 with the number of civil wars over that time span.

The study, published in the journal Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict, addresses an expanding body of research that argues that gender inequality heightens the probability of intrastate conflict by creating a structure of violence.

The researchers argued that nations that have laws that are gender neutral in how they protect citizens, especially in granting equal protection and rights to women, increase the chance that the state’s society would embody liberal and progressive norms.

Also Read: What Gives Husbands The Licence to Rape? Decoding Marital Rape in the Indian Legal Scenario 

“These norms cohere with ideas about peaceful conflict resolution,” Avdan said.

“These ideas in turn mitigate civil conflict,” she added.

The researchers found that countries that did little to punish perpetrators of rape likely include exemptions for the crime of rape if the perpetrator and victim are married, or possibly they treat genders differently under the law.

In other cases, some penal systems exonerate the assailant if he agrees to marry the rape victim.

“A so-called marriage loophole is a situation with a perpetrator is married to a victim would exonerate the assailant,” Avdan said.

“That is at its core a misogynistic policy. Countries with these policies – for example, Middle Eastern countries like Jordan and Lebanon but also other countries such as the Philippines — have received condemnation for not reforming these laws,” Avdan added.

The findings support research that has identified political liberalism and progressive, individualistic and emancipatory ideas, including gay rights, for example, tend to correlate with reduced propensities of armed conflicts.

“Rape law showcases an angle about gender norms,” Avdan said.

“And we know that masculine norms tend to support militarism and militant nationalism as well. Rape law can be another proxy to look at gender equality in society,” she added. (IANS)

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BJP Leader Asks Parents Of A Rape Victim To Express Gratitude To Them

The eight-year-old girl was abducted from her school in Hafiz Colony

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BJP Leader Asks Parents Of A Rape Victim To Express Gratitude To Them
Can India Really Take An Ostrich Approach To The Condition Of Women?. Flickr

In a shocking incident, a Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader from Madhya Pradesh asked parents of a minor rape victim to express gratitude to the local MP for visiting them.

Sudarshan Gupta, a BJP legislator, was caught on camera in Indore’s MY Hospital, asking the victim’s kin to thank his party MP Sudhir Gupta for visiting them at the hospital to inquire about the minor girl’s condition. Immediately, the parents of the victim were seen nodding and folding their hands before Sudhir. “Say thank you to the MP (Sudhir Gupta). he has travelled only to meet you (Sansad ji ko dhanyavad boliye, special aapke liye aaye hain)”

The eight-year-old girl was abducted from her school in Hafiz Colony here and allegedly gang-raped at her house in Mandsaur three days ago. The girl’s condition is “continuously improving” and she may be discharged in about two weeks, a senior medical official said on Saturday.

Flag Of BJP
Flag Of BJP. Flickr

Also read: Don’t Play Politics With Rape Incidents

So far, the Madhya Pradesh Police has arrested two people in connection with the incident. Madhya Pradesh CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan on Friday condemned the incident and said the accused should be hanged till death. Meanwhile, locals in the district have been protesting against the incident, demanding death penalty to the accused. (IANS)