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Decoding Harappa culture: Indus script is not a language but a numerical representation

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harappa-tablet

By NewsGram Staff Writer

A veteran science historian has recently claimed that according to the artifacts discovered during the research of the Indus Valley Civilization, it was discovered that the Indus script is not a language but a numerical representation.

B.V. Subbaraayappa, a 90-year-old historian and a former president of the International Union of History & Philosophy of Science, said, “Attempts to decipher the Indus script were based on the assumption that a script should connote linguistic writing. There are many languages the world over without a script even today.”

The Indus Valley Civilisation was discovered by the Archeological Survey of India’s (ASI) director general John Marshall who later wrote about this discovery in “The Illustrated London News” in 1924.

Since then there are a number of mysteries associated with the civilization and one of them is language. The script became contentious due to different interpretations by linguists, historians and archaeologists the world over.

Subbarayappa stated that, “Over 4,000 seals and other inscribed artifacts were unearthed in the Indus Valley sites or the Harappa culture as archaeologists call it, and located in India and (now) Pakistan. They were used to meet the accounting needs of farm production and management.”

The script that was found had a unique and distinct characteristic features. The Indus Valley people had used the mathematical symbols like decimal, additive, multiplicative numerical system in their day-to-day occupations, which were primarily agriculture and animal husbandry.

Subbarayappa added, “The symbolic representation of six, four and two-rowed varieties of barley, wheat and cotton were depicted in the form of a composite animal – unicorn, a motif in about 1,100 seals, which were intended to be records of food grains (wheat & barley) and commodities (cotton).”

Buffalos, humped bulls and rhinos were also used for counting and making records associated with agriculture activity or production.

Subbarayappa recalled that, “The premise of the numerical hypothesis is that a language can be in vogue in the form of oral tradition long before it was scripted. For instance, the Vedic language did not have a script for over 1,000 years.”

Subbarayappa reiterated his argument by saying that, “Repetition of symbols twice, thrice and four times alongside on an Indus seal makes sense only in numeration and not in a language. Their presentation in a line mostly and occasionally in two or three lines on seals indicates numerical value than linguistic expression.”

As there is no outcome on the linguistic assumptions of Indus scripts and it is still in a blind alley, the science historian wants national institutions like the ASI, the Indian Council of Historical Research and the Indian National Science Academy to assess its numerical hypothesis in a scientific way.

Explaining the use of numerical in Indus culture, Subbarayappa concluded, “The large granaries at Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, 18 de-husking platforms, geometrically shaped streets and lanes, standard storage jars, bricks in 1:2:4 ratio and seals clearly indicate the role of numerals and their utilization by the Indus Valley people for over a long time.”

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South Korean Conglomerate LG Announces 3 Smartphones for Indian Market

LG W30 Pro features a 6.21-inch HD+ display with a 19:9 aspect ratio. The phone runs Android 9 Pie and is powered by the octa-core Snapdragon 632 SoC, paired with 4GB of RAM. There is also 64GB of onboard storage that is expandable via microSD card

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LG
LG logo. Wikimedia Commons

South Korean conglomerate LG on Wednesday announced three smartphones in its “W-series” — the LG W30, the LG W30 Pro and the LG W10 — for the Indian market.

The LG W10 comes with a price tag of Rs 8,999, LG W30 is priced at Rs 9,999 while LG W30 Pro would arrive soon in India.

“Today is a significant day for us at LG as we add three new smartphones to our product portfolio that are made in India. LG has always believed in bringing customized innovations that offers need-based propositions”, Ki Wan Kim, Managing Director, LG Electronics India said in a statement.

The LG W30 features a 6.26-inch HD+ display while W10 is equipped with a 6.19-inch HD+ display.

Both the smartphones are powered by the MediaTek Helio P22 processor along with 3GB of RAM and 32GB of internal storage.

LG
LG unveiled V40 ThinQ with 5 cameras few months back. Flickr

The W30 is equipped with a triple-camera setup. The phone comes with a combination of a 12MP primary low light sensor, 13MP wide-angle lens and a 2MP depth sensor. For the front, there is a 16MP selfie shooter.

The LG W10 is equipped with a dual-camera setup with a combination 13MP primary lens and a 5MP secondary shooter. For the front, it houses an 8MP selfie shooter.

Both the smartphones run on Android 9.0 Pie and both of them are equipped with a 4,000mAh battery.

Also Read: Google Maps to Alert Indians if Cab Drivers Deviate From Route

LG W30 Pro features a 6.21-inch HD+ display with a 19:9 aspect ratio. The phone runs Android 9 Pie and is powered by the octa-core Snapdragon 632 SoC, paired with 4GB of RAM. There is also 64GB of onboard storage that is expandable via microSD card.

The phone has a triple rear camera setup that comprises a 13MP primary sensor, 5MP secondary sensor, and an 8MP tertiary sensor. There is also a 16MP selfie camera at the front. (IANS)