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Delhi Air pollution: Lessons India can learn from China

Since China had to deal with a similar situation and they managed to deal with it efficiently, India can follow China’s war against pollution policies

Polluted Delhi Air. VOA

November 6, 2016: The Capital city of India faces the worst smog in 17 years, and it is worsening day by day but the authorities are yet to devise a proper action plan in order to tackle such a serious problem.

Since China had to deal with a similar situation and they managed to deal with it efficiently, India can follow China’s war against pollution policies.
Here are the few measures China took:

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Here are the few measures China took to counter Pollution in their country:

Red alert

In 2015, in the month of December Beijing issued its first ‘red alert’ for high pollution and shut down schools, construction sites, factories and an odd-even rule were applied to private cars until the quality of air dropped below the hazardous levels. People were also urged to wear masks and take all kinds of protective measures.

Imposing Laws

On January 1, 2015, China’s Environmental Protection Law came into force. Before the amendment took place, the cost of compliance was much higher than the cost of noncompliance.

According to report, “The average cost of noncompliance under the ECL was less than 10 percent of the cost of environment rectification. Thus, polluters strategically chose payment of penalties over compliance for the obvious economic benefits.” In order to address the problem, EPL established a new penalty process, according to which the penalties are to be calculated on a daily basis until the rectification is completed.

In 2015, the country also appointed an environmental scientist as its Environment Minister.

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Online air reporting system

After China came to know about their hazardous quality of air, China created an online air reporting system to monitor the hourly air pollution data from over 1,500 sites which included the details of airborne particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, ozone and carbon monoxide.

Currently, the government regularly also releases air quality rankings for the cities.

Off the road

By 2017, high-polluting vehicles will be taken off the roads. Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and other large Chinese cities are slowly restricting the number of vehicles in order to curb air pollution.

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By 2017, Beijing region is also aiming to reduce the use of coal by replacing it with electricity from non-fossil fuels and natural gas. It also aims to close all excess iron, cement, steel, and all heavy industries that burn coal. By 2020 the city aims to be completely coal-free.

– by Pinaz Kazi of NewsGram. Twitter: @PinazKazi

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  • Saurabh Vashist

    illegal factories that are working in residential areas are polluting Delhi Air and are becoming main cause of making it unfavourable for human being to live in Delhi. What these factories are doing here in residential areas while according to the laws no body has the right to violet the lawas by opening illegal factories in the residential areas and why no action is being taken on them by Delhi Gov and Center Gov.

  • Ruchika Kumari

    Delhi should follow all these measures as soon as possible

Next Story

Lifestyle change can prevent thousands of cancer cases

The other major preventable lifestyle behaviours include drinking alcohol, reducing exposure to ultra-violet (UV) radiation, air pollution and eating good amount of fibre

  • Few lifestyle changes can prevent cancer
  • Leaving habits like smoking, etc. can help
  • environmental factors like air pollution are also responsible for cancer

Getting rid of smoking tobacco, exercising and shedding weight may be key lifestyle behaviours that can cut down thousands of cancer cases a week, say researchers, including one of Indian-origin.

The other major preventable lifestyle behaviours include drinking alcohol, reducing exposure to ultra-violet (UV) radiation, air pollution and eating good amount of fibre.

exercises save you from dangerous diseases.
Exercising and positive lifestyle changes can do wonder for one’s health. Flickr

Following these can prevent nearly four in 10 cancer cases in the UK, says the Cancer Research UK, a non-profit, in a paper published in the British Journal of Cancer. The study showed that more than one in 20 cancer cases could be prevented by maintaining a healthy weight.

“Leading a healthy life doesn’t guarantee that a person won’t get cancer, but it can stack the odds in your favour. These figures show that we each can take positive steps to help reduce our individual risk of the disease,” said Harpal Kumar, chief executive at the Cancer Research UK.

Also Read: A Protein That Can Stop Cancer?

According to the World Health Organisation, cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and is responsible for 8.8 million deaths in 2015. Globally, nearly one in six deaths is due to cancer.

The latest figures, calculated from 2015 cancer data, showed that tobacco smoke caused around 32,200 cases of cancer in men (17.7 per cent of all male cancer cases) and around 22,000 (12.4 per cent) in women in the UK.

Around 22,800 (6.3 per cent) cases of cancers including bowel, breast, womb and kidney, a year are down to being overweight or obese.

Other than chronic diseases, lifestyle habits like smoking causes cancer too. Pixabay
Lifestyle habits like smoking causes cancer too. Pixabay

“The research clearly demonstrates the impact of smoking and obesity on cancer risk. Prevention is the most cost-effective way of beating cancer,” Kumar said.

“Obesity is a huge health threat right now, and it will only get worse if nothing is done. Banning junk food TV adverts before the 9 p.m. watershed is an important part of the comprehensive approach needed,” said Linda Bauld from the non-profit.

In addition, overexposure to UV radiation from the sun and sunbeds causes around 13,600 cases of melanoma skin cancer a year, while drinking alcohol, eating too little fibre caused around 11,900 and 11,700 cases respectively. Outdoor air pollution was responsible for around 3,600 lung cancer cases a year. IANS