Saturday April 20, 2019

Delhi Air pollution: Lessons India can learn from China

Since China had to deal with a similar situation and they managed to deal with it efficiently, India can follow China’s war against pollution policies

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Polluted Delhi Air. VOA

November 6, 2016: The Capital city of India faces the worst smog in 17 years, and it is worsening day by day but the authorities are yet to devise a proper action plan in order to tackle such a serious problem.

Since China had to deal with a similar situation and they managed to deal with it efficiently, India can follow China’s war against pollution policies.
Here are the few measures China took:

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Here are the few measures China took to counter Pollution in their country:

Red alert

In 2015, in the month of December Beijing issued its first ‘red alert’ for high pollution and shut down schools, construction sites, factories and an odd-even rule were applied to private cars until the quality of air dropped below the hazardous levels. People were also urged to wear masks and take all kinds of protective measures.

Imposing Laws

On January 1, 2015, China’s Environmental Protection Law came into force. Before the amendment took place, the cost of compliance was much higher than the cost of noncompliance.

According to Jonesday.com report, “The average cost of noncompliance under the ECL was less than 10 percent of the cost of environment rectification. Thus, polluters strategically chose payment of penalties over compliance for the obvious economic benefits.” In order to address the problem, EPL established a new penalty process, according to which the penalties are to be calculated on a daily basis until the rectification is completed.

In 2015, the country also appointed an environmental scientist as its Environment Minister.

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Online air reporting system

After China came to know about their hazardous quality of air, China created an online air reporting system to monitor the hourly air pollution data from over 1,500 sites which included the details of airborne particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide, ozone and carbon monoxide.

Currently, the government regularly also releases air quality rankings for the cities.

Off the road

By 2017, high-polluting vehicles will be taken off the roads. Beijing, Guangzhou, Shanghai, and other large Chinese cities are slowly restricting the number of vehicles in order to curb air pollution.

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By 2017, Beijing region is also aiming to reduce the use of coal by replacing it with electricity from non-fossil fuels and natural gas. It also aims to close all excess iron, cement, steel, and all heavy industries that burn coal. By 2020 the city aims to be completely coal-free.

– by Pinaz Kazi of NewsGram. Twitter: @PinazKazi

  • Saurabh Vashist

    illegal factories that are working in residential areas are polluting Delhi Air and are becoming main cause of making it unfavourable for human being to live in Delhi. What these factories are doing here in residential areas while according to the laws no body has the right to violet the lawas by opening illegal factories in the residential areas and why no action is being taken on them by Delhi Gov and Center Gov.

  • Ruchika Kumari

    Delhi should follow all these measures as soon as possible

Next Story

Congress To Come Up With “National Clean Air Programme” To Combat The Menace of Air Pollution in India

In March 2019, Greenpeace in its report on air pollution highlighted that out of 20 most polluted cities in the world, 18 are in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, while Beijing, once among the most polluted cities in the world, ranked 122nd in the list of most polluted cities in 2018. 

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Congress on Friday promised to create one crore jobs across the southern state
Congress state units given more power for 2019 battle- wikimedia commons

Congress President Rahul Gandhi on Wednesday said the party will launch a national programme to combat air pollution, as increasing air pollution levels has become a major factor contributing to rising cases of public health emergencies.

Rahul in a Facebook post announced that the party will launch “National Clean Air Programme” to combat the menace of air pollution in the country.

A number of reports have stated that air pollution has been increasing exponentially in many cities in the country, with Delhi being cited as the world’s most polluted capital city.

pollution
Another study released on Wednesday, titled “State of Global Air 2019”, reported that the life of on average of a South Asian child growing up in current high levels of air pollution will be shortened by two years and six months, while the global life expectancy loss is 20 months.  Pixabay

In March 2019, Greenpeace in its report on air pollution highlighted that out of 20 most polluted cities in the world, 18 are in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, while Beijing, once among the most polluted cities in the world, ranked 122nd in the list of most polluted cities in 2018.

The report claimed that India still hosts 15 out of 20 most polluted cities in the world, with Gurugram and Ghaziabad being the most polluted cities in the world, followed by Faridabad, Bhiwadi and Noida in the top six and Delhi on the 11th spot.

Pollution
A number of reports have stated that air pollution has been increasing exponentially in many cities in the country, with Delhi being cited as the world’s most polluted capital city. VOA

Another study released on Wednesday, titled “State of Global Air 2019”, reported that the life of on average of a South Asian child growing up in current high levels of air pollution will be shortened by two years and six months, while the global life expectancy loss is 20 months.

Also Read: What Exactly is Happening Behind The Corridors of Power? Analyzing Elections 2019

The study is produced annually by the US-based Health Effect Institute (HEI) and the Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).

Senior Congress leader Ajay Maken said: “Congress introduced CNG in Delhi, which replaced diesel vehicles in public and private transport, and helped reduced air pollution to a great extent. The party is determined to combat air pollution.” (IANS)