Saturday November 18, 2017

Delhi hospital treats 41-year-old man with extremely rare tumour-induced Bone condition

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Operating theatre in India, Wikimedia Commons

New Delhi, March 5, 2017: Doctors here have successfully treated a 41-year-old man with an extremely rare tumour-induced condition that caused bone fragility, fractures and left him wheelchair-bound.

Tumour-induced osteomalacia is an extremely rare disorder where benign small soft tissue or bone tumours develop in the body and start secreting a substance that inhibits the absorption of phosphates, causing a cascade of biochemical abnormalities including extremely fragile bones.

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“So rare is this condition that many doctors fail to get to the root of it. A majority of these tumours are located in the extremities (skin, muscles, and bones) or around the head, but they may occur in almost any part of the body. These tumours are slow growing and often remain hidden or undetected until clinical features reach a fairly advanced stage,” Endocrinologist at Venkateshwar Hospital in Dwarka Deep Dutta said in a statement on Saturday.

Progressive weakness in legs over three years coupled with a fracture had left Ravi Sharma (name changed) wheelchair-bound.

Doctors found that he had extremely low serum levels of phosphorus (1mg/dl) — key structural component of bone apart from calcium — in urine, which led to skeletal weakness and fractures.

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An FDG (fluorodeoxyglucose)-PET scan confirmed the presence of tumour-induced osteomalacia at the lower end of the femur bone and later a CT-scan revealed an extremely small lesion of 1 cm diameter, and was successfully removed by the doctors.

“Within 24 hours of surgery, we found the patient’s phosphorus levels improved to 3.3mg/dl, and he regained his physical strength and was able to start walking with support. We have reduced Ravi’s oral phosphate replacement dose significantly and we expect he will be totally off phosphate replacement in the next few days. All biochemical and clinical features reverted to normal when the tumour was removed,” Dutta said. (IANS)

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You May Soon Be Able to Prevent Chikungunya With Vaccines! IIT-Roorkee Researchers Discover Drug to Fight the Disease

At present, there are no immunizations or anti-viral medications available to cure Chikungunya, and the treatment is focused on mitigating the side effects related with the disease

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cases of dengue
Dengue and Chikungunya are viral diseases transmitted to humans via infected mosquitoes. Pixabay

Roorkee, October 9, 2017 : Dengue and Chikungunya are known to strike fear in the country every year, so much so that the health graph of the city registers a steep rise in these cases. Both of the water-borne diseases, characterized by high fever and pain in the joints, take a toll on our lives. So far, there is no vaccine to immunize people against the spread of the Dengue and Chikungunya virus. However, researchers at IIT-Roorkee have now discovered that a commonly-utilized de-worming drug can be efficiently used for treatments against Chikungunya.

According to a report by PTI, Shailly Tomar, lead researcher and a professor at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee in Uttarakhand was quoted as saying, “Our research has shown that piperazine, a drug existing in the market, is successful in curbing the spread and replication of the Chikungunya virus in a lab setting.”

The drug, Piperazine, is usually used in de-worming treatments against round-words and pinworms. Using their expertise in virology and structure biology, experts have now discovered the anti-viral capabilities of the drug that can potentially prompt new therapies against the fatal, mosquito borne disease.

The researchers are currently testing the molecule on animals, and will consequently take it to clinical trials.

ALSO READ What preventive steps have the city Government taken to control Dengue and Chikungunya, asks the Delhi High Court

The molecular details uncovered in the study, which has been published in the journal Antiviral Research, will be additionally used to plan piperazine-derivative medications that are more compelling to fight against the Chikungunya virus.

Using X-ray crystallographic technique, in combination with computational science and fluorescence strategies, the researchers discovered that piperazine binds itself with the hydrophobic (water-hating) pocket of capsid protein present in the Chikungunya virus, which can reduce the spread of the virus.

“This pocket is key to the replication of the virus and its spread inside a host. Inhibiting the pocket prevents budding and spread of the virus and can help in treating the virus effectively using existing drugs,” Tomar said.

Chikungunya has become a major public health concern, with an increasing number of people being plagued by the disease every year.

 At present, there are no immunizations or anti-viral medications available to cure Chikungunya, and the treatment is focused on mitigating the side effects related with the disease. 

Developing a new anti-viral drug molecule can take up to 10 years. To tend to the disease on an immediate basis, Professor Tomar added, “We are looking at repositioning existing, approved drugs and testing these to see if they might inhibit or kill pathogenic viruses.”

 

 

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Mahalaya: Beginning of “Devipaksha” in Bengali Celebration of ‘Durga Puja’

“Mahalaya” is the auspicious occasion that marks the beginning of “Devipaksha” and the ending of “Pitripaksha” and heralds the celebration of Durga Puja

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Mahalaya morning in Kolkata. Flickr
  • Mahalaya 2017 Date: 19th september.
  • On Mahalaya, people throng to the holy river Ganges in order to pay homage to their ancestors and forefathers; which is called ‘Torpon’
  • Mahalaya remains incomplete without the magical chanting of the scriptural verses from the ‘Chandi Kavya’ that is broadcasted in All India Radio
  • The magic is induced by the popular Birendra Krishna Bhadra whose voice makes the recitation of the “Chandi Kavya” even more magnificent

Sept 19, 2017: Autumn is the season of the year that sees the Hindus, all geared up to celebrate some of the biggest festivals of India. The festive spirit in the Bengalis all enthused to prepare for the greatest of the festivals, the ‘Durga Puja’.

About Mahalaya:

Mahalaya is the auspicious occasion that marks the beginning of “Devipaksha” and the ending of “Pitripaksha,” and this year it is celebrated on September 19.

Observed exactly a week before the ‘Durga Puja’, Mahalaya is the harbinger of the arrival of Goddess Durga. It is celebrated to invoke the goddess possessing supreme power! The goddess is invited to descend on earth and she is welcomed with devotional songs and holy chants of mantras. On this day, the eye is drawn in the idols of the Goddess by the artisans marking the initiation of “Devipaksha”. Mahalaya arrives and the countdown to the Durga Puja begins!

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The day of Mahalaya bears supreme significance to the Bengalis. The day is immensely important because on this day people throng to the holy river Ganges in order to pay homage to their ancestors and forefathers. Clad in white dhotis, people offer prayers and take dips in the river while praying for their demised dear ones. The ritual is popular as “Torpon”.

Mahalaya
An idol-maker in progress of drawing the eye in the idol of the Goddess. Wikipedia

As per Hindu myth, on “Devipaksha”, the Gods and the Goddesses began their preparations to celebrate “Mahamaya” or Goddess Durga, who was brought upon by the trinity- Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheshwara; to annihilate the fierce demon king named Mahishasura. The captivating story of the Goddess defeating the demon got popularized with the goddess being revered as “Durgatinashini” or the one who banishes all the evils and miseries of the world. The victory of the Goddess is celebrated as ‘Durga Puja’.

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Mahalaya remains incomplete without the magical chanting of the scriptural verses from the ‘Chandi Kavya’ that is broadcasted at dawn in All India Radio in the form of a marvelous audio montage enthralling the souls of the Bengalis. Presented with wonderful devotional music, acoustic drama, and classical songs- the program is also translated to Hindi and played for the whole pan-Indian listeners.

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Mahalaya
Birendra Krishna Bhadra (1905-1991). Wikipedia

The program is inseparable from Mahalaya and has been going on for over six decades till date. The magic is induced by the popular Birendra Krishna Bhadra whose voice makes the recitation of the “Chandi Kavya” even more magnificent! He has been a legend and the dawn of Mahalaya turns insipid without the reverberating and enchanting voice of the legendary man.

Mahalaya will keep spreading the magic and setting the vigor of the greatest festival of the Bengalis- the Durga Puja, to worship the supreme Goddess, eternally.

                 “Yaa Devi Sarbabhuteshu, Shakti Rupena Sanhsthita,

                     Namastaswai Namastaswai Namastaswai Namo Namaha.”

– by Antara Kumar of NewsGram. Twitter: @ElaanaC

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6 Lettuce Advantages Which are Important for Your Health

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Lettuce
Lettuce. Pixabay.
  • “Lettuce” is also called Lactuca Savita & a perfect food for weight loss.
  • Some of the health benefits of Lettuce are: It improves metabolism & provide supply of antioxidants.
  • Lettuce reduces the risk of diabetes, lowers cholesterol levels, controls cancer & anxiety.
  • Benefits of lettuce also includes weigh loss, it keeps your heart healthy & provide protein.

In this article “Benefits of Lettuce” , we will talk about it’s health benefits, Nutritional Facts & Types of Lettuce.

Lettuce, widely regarded as the “ideal food” to lose weight, is a large green leaved plant, often eaten in uncooked salads. It is a highly recommended healthy option in the searches provided by our search engine. And in today’s world, where everyone is health conscious, we are left with no choice but to consume healthy food. But, Lettuce is one healthy snack, which has way more benefits than just keeping you healthy. We will talk about some important health benefits of lettuce.

For many years, Lettuce was considered more than a vegetable, as it was thought to possess some medicinal properties. Some of the medicinal properties have also been proven true.

Below are some health benefits of lettuce that should be looked upon:

Lettuce
Salad containing lettuce. Pixabay.

 

1. Anti-Inflammatory properties:

Lettuce possesses anti-inflammatory properties which help to control inflammation. Scientific experiments have proven that Lettuce extracts have significant power to control the pain and redness.

(Health benefits of lettuce)

2. Lower Cholesterol Levels:

Once we reach our 40s, we look up to healthy food options- consulting dietitians, counting calories, overtly depending on allopathic pills. But over dependence on synthetic ways to improve our health is dangerous too. Scientific tests have proven that eating lettuce prevents cardiovascular diseases. Also, it has zero fat which keeps your heart healthy.

(Health benefits of lettuce)

3. Lettuce leaves/juice can treat your Insomnia

The extract of the lettuce or its leaves when eaten induces sleep and does not even have side-effects. The extract produces a sedative effect.

Also Read: Five Benefits of Honey and Lemon Drink that Can’t be Ignored.

4. Control Anxiety 

Unani has widely accepted lettuce as a solution to Neuro-related problems. It possesses anxiolytic properties, drugs which reduce anxiety. Lettuce was popularly exploited during the ancient times.

(Health benefits of lettuce)

5. Fights Cancer

The extract of this plant tends to control a certain kind of cancer. Research experiment on human cancer cells, especially, the leukemia cells proved that the disease’s effect was controlled to a major extent, after being treated with the plant’s extracts.

(Health benefits of lettuce)

6. Weight LOSS!

Lettuce has only 12 calories for one cup. Putting it in your salad with some salt and pepper seasonings added can be the perfect diet chart for your weight loss.

Types Of Lettuce:

  • Romaine Lettuce – This is your classic Greek salad. Sweet and crunchy.                          romaine lettuce is a very good source of dietary fiber, manganese, potassium, biotin, vitamin B1, copper, iron and vitamin C. It is also a good source of vitamin B2, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B6, phosphorus, chromium, magnesium, calcium and pantothenic acid.
  • Iceberg lettuce:  Until the 1930’s was known as Crisphead lettuce.                      White on the inside. Crisp texture and mild taste. It contains curved, overlapping leaves which form crispy, firm round heads. Inside, creamy white leaves are tightly packed.
  • Butterhead Lettuce : Boston and Bibb. Large green leaves that are soft and sweet.Butterhead is a slightly smaller version of the variety and is the first of this cultivar to be grown in the U.S
  • Red and Green Leaf: Delicate taste and leaves.

Nutritional Facts of Lettuce:

Lettuce contains many a thing like:

  • moisture
  • energy
  • protein
  • fat
  • carbohydrates
  • dietary
  • fiber and sugars.

Lettuce has below Minerals & Vitamins:

  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Magnesium
  • Phosphorous
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • Zinc along with vitamins like thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, vitamin B-6, C, A, E, and vitamin K.

-by Megha Acharya of NewsGram.


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