Tuesday June 18, 2019
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Digital India: Digital locker, security issues and poor interface

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digilocker
By Dr. J.K. Bhutani

The Government of India has launched the Digital Locker recently to mark Digital India week on 1st of July with a view to empower the people of the country through the Digital India Programme. The Government of India plans to take up a series of initiatives for developing various applications and portals that would go a long way in making the lives of the citizens better.

The participation of people has not been very encouraging, with the youth having poor user interface and security issues.

The Digital Locker: It will help all the citizens to digitally store their important documents like PAN card, passport, mark sheets and degree certificates, thus eliminating the use of physical documents and enable sharing of verified electronic documents across government agencies. Each citizen will get a maximum of 10MB storage space, which can later be increased to 1GB. To sign-up for your DigiLocker, one needs Aadhaar number and a mobile number that is linked to that Aadhaar number. Users can also link the account to their Google and Facebook accounts. Once you have registered, you can start uploading scanned documents like 10th class mark sheet, 12th class certificates, degree, PAN card, Voter ID card, etc. Each document should be less than 1MB in size and only in .pdf, .jpg, .png, .bmp or .gif format. Personal documents like health records, registered land deeds, marriage records and wills and conveyance deeds should be next possible options.

Time and technology are the great equalizer and empowering tools. The government before taking the credits must ensure that the interface is user friendly and state of the art. The additional facility of OCR can help identify the documents on its own. The cyber security issues are vital to ensure that personal documents like Pan Card, Passport and other details do not land up in wrong hands and misused. Unless these issues are addressed urgently the envisioned Digital India goals may not reach and benefit the citizens. The clarity on the issues and who owns the responsibility in case of a possible hack of data need more attention and implementation.

People we talked to are happy using their email attachments and Google drives for the same which have state of the art interface, large space and excellent security provisions.

JK1

Dr J.K.Bhutani MD is a protagonist of preventive and promotive health care based on austere biology and facilitating self healing powers of human organism.
You can follow him at https://twitter.com/drjkbhutani

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Is Internet Usage In India Calculated In A right Manner?

According to industry experts, the research methodology to derive the average number of Internet users would entail a large-format survey.

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According to Mohanty, Internet usage is calculated based on the number of people using Internet. Pixabay

If we look at government or independent research figures, Internet users in India are growing exponentially — currently hovering around 560 million and likely to cross 600 million by the end of the year.

According to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), India has amn Internet subscriber base of nearly 560 million, including 482 million broadband subscribers – which means 43 per cent overall Internet penetration.

The country has 366 million Internet subscribers in urban locations and 194 million in rural areas, says the latest TRAI report that came out in December.

The “ICUBETM 2018” report from market research firm Kantar IMRB said this week that the number of Internet users in the country will reach 627 million by the end of this year.

The numbers are overwhelming but when it comes to the methodology behind deriving the average number of Internet users, there appears some gap.

For example, if a person in a family has 2 mobile numbers and he or she uses multiple devices for Internet access, how is that accounted for?

According to industry experts, the research methodology to derive the average number of Internet users would entail a large-format survey.

“Such a survey would typically cover 50,000 to 1,00,000 households in India, spread across urban and rural India, and covering all socio-economic classes (SEC) segments,” says Satya Mohanty, Head-User Research Practice, CyberMedia Research (CMR).

According to Mohanty, Internet usage is calculated based on the number of people using Internet.

“Therefore, if in one household, there are three people using one device PC/smartphone, then it is calculated as three users instead of one user,” he told IANS.

internet
The numbers are overwhelming but when it comes to the methodology behind deriving the average number of Internet users, there appears some gap. Pixabay

The average number of users derived from the sample survey is extrapolated to the total number of households in India to find out total number of users.

“For example, consider that the survey findings point to the average number of Internet users per household being 2.5. And, in India, there is 250 million households. Replicating the average figure of 2.5 with the total number of households, we have 625 million Internet users in India,” Mohanty elaborated.

According to Kantar IMRB, their latest “ICUBETM 2018” report covered over 70,000 individuals, selected through a sampling process across over 400 urban areas and more than 1,500 rural locations.

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“As data costs plummeted, more Indians than ever before are experiencing broadband for the first time on mobile”. Pixabay

“ICUBE members are of users and not subscribers. Thus people carrying multiple phones will be counted as a single user,” Biswapriya Bhattacharjee, Executive Vice President, Kantar IMRB, told IANS.

Similarly, Bhattacharjee added, a person using his or her spouses/parents’ phone for Internet access will also be counted as an Internet user.

One thing, however, is clear: the data usage is growing thanks to Reliance Jio, along with the increasing number of smartphone and entry-level feature phone users.

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“Jio has been a transformative force in enabling digital inclusion, by connecting the unconnected. Since its foray, Jio has achieved a remarkable feat of covering 95 per cent of India’s population with aggressive 4G network roll-out aided by innovative pricing strategy,” Prabhu Ram, Head-Industry Intelligence Group, CMR, told IANS.

“As data costs plummeted, more Indians than ever before are experiencing broadband for the first time on mobile,” Ram added. (IANS)