Thursday March 21, 2019
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Disaster continues: BP oil spill killing dolphins at an alarming rate

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

After the 2010 BP oil spill, Dolphins swimming in the oil-contaminated waters of the Gulf of Mexico have suffered from lung lesions and are dying at high rates because of petroleum pollution, as per a recent study.

More than 1,300 bottlenose dolphins have stranded themselves in the northern Gulf of Mexico since early 2010. The recent research links this unusual mortality event to the massive Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

The rise in the death toll of dolphin began shortly before the spill in April 2010, when 4.9 million barrels of oil was spilled into the ocean, and the scientists have struggled to understand whether the two events are related. According to a report of PLOS ONE, all the underwater animals found dead had lung and adrenal-gland lesions that are consistent with exposure to petroleum compounds.

Stephanie Venn-Watson, a veterinary epidemiologist at the National Marine Mammal Foundation said, “Dolphins take big, deep breaths right at the surface of the water, where oil sheens are most concentrated, and where there is a good chance of inhaling oil itself.”

According to the research which compared autopsies of 46 dolphins that were found dead in the spill area had lesions in the lungs and adrenal glands, which regulate hormones and stress response. That’s when researchers came to know that something is wrong with the dolphins.

Kathleen Colegrove, pathologist at the University of Illinois said, “We found that dolphins that died after the oil spill had distinct adrenal gland and lung lesions that were not present in the stranded dolphins from other areas.”

One out of three stranded dolphins in the spill area had a thinned adrenal gland cortex, a rate that was significantly higher than the reference population of stranded dolphins in Sarasota Bay, Florida, in which one in 10 had such a condition.

Colegrove told reporters during a conference call to discuss the findings, “The thinning of the adrenal gland cortex was a very unusual abnormality for us that has not been previously reported in dolphins in the literature. This is something which is latest in a series of research papers on dolphin health in the region after the spill.”

Other differences were also apparent. More than one in five dolphins from the mass-death group had bacterial pneumonia, a serious lung disease that was severe enough to cause or contribute to the animals’ deaths.

Venn-Watson described that inhaling oil can cause adrenal dysfunction, lung disease and bacterial pneumonia, which is one of the most common outcomes of chemical inhalation injury in other animals. Whereas other diseases like brucellosis and morbillivirus are also responsible for increase in the number of deaths.

A 2013 study on cetaceans in Louisiana’s Barataria Bay, found that dolphins were losing their teeth, had lung lesions and high pervasiveness of disease after the worst oil spill in US history.

Venn-Watson added, “Combination of live and dead dolphin analyses, including the latest study, have provided a strong body of evidence. We feel that this study is a critical link in the chain.”

According to figures from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), minimum 1.300 dolphins have washed up in the area of the Gulf of Mexico since the spill. An additional 114 were stranded from February, two months prior to the spill, until April 20.

Geoff Morell, BP senior vice president for US communications and external affairs said, “This new paper fails to show that the illnesses observed in some dolphins were caused by exposure to Macondo oil.” After BP took the issue to the scientific findings.

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Top 3 Cities in Florida to Buy Real Estate in 2019

Looking forward into 2019 and beyond, Florida is a friendly and welcoming place to invest

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If you are like most people, then for summer vacations or to retire has crossed your mind. There is so much to enjoy for the whole family, either indoors or outside, having fun in the sun. Florida is one of those states that has it all because the weather is ideal year-round, the beaches are pristine, and there’s always a new way to take it all in.

When you think about buying in Florida, you probably think of a few places first, like Miami, and you would be right to do that. But, there are several other cities that will give you a high-quality lifestyle, while providing you with a solid financial real estate investment, as well.

Let’s take a detailed look at the top 3 cities in Florida to buy real estate, and why.

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Buying a home in Florida In 2019, Pixabay

Miami, Florida

When you think about Miami, many things come to mind, but if you haven’t visited in person, it’s hard to get the full picture. Miami is a vibrant mix of old-world character and new modern lifestyle, all wrapped up in one. You can find neighborhoods in Miami, such as Belle Meade, that have homes built in the 1930’s that stimulate your senses and imagination. You can literally imagine yourself living in a new beach-side, pioneer town, just discovered by people. But, amidst the old-world feel, are touches of modern amenities, giving you the perfect balance of history, character, and contemporary creature comforts.

Another well-known fact about Miami is that it’s home to the best nightlife in the world, literally epic, and people flock to Miami’s South Beach to be a part of it all. There are famous night clubs like Liv in the Fountain Bleu hotel, where celebrities can be seen any day of the week, partying and having fun. Of course, there are luxurious condos on South Beach in buildings built by world renowned architects and designers. They can be small, yet well-appointed studios, to large, over- the-top penthouse condos.

Miami
Another well-known fact about Miami is that it’s home to the best nightlife in the world, literally epic, and people flock to Miami’s South Beach to be a part of it all. Pixabay

Another way to invest in Miami’s real estate market is buying a luxury mansion on Star Island, Coral Gables, or any number of prestigious addresses in Miami. These properties are ultra-exclusive and can have 10 bedrooms or more. They can be adorned with stylish furnishings, and have amenities like saltwater swimming pools, arcades, Italian marble, and more.

Before you run out and see the homes for sale in Miami, you might want to contact a respected Realtor, because investing in Miami real estate comes with a hefty price tag. It’s not uncommon to spend a million dollars or more on a property that still may need renovations.

Orlando, Florida

The one place everyone with kids is already familiar with is Orlando, FL. Home to Mickey Mouse and the entire Disney World family, Orlando represents some of the most innocent times and memories we have as children. It also has one of the hottest real estate markets in the nation, with a median home value of $250,000. It is much different than Miami, since most of the homes in Orlando are newer and full of cutting-edge technologies and building materials.

Orlando real estate investing makes sense, and with so many attractions (Universal Studios, Epcot, Sea World) bringing millions of tourists per year, it will stay that way. Orlando’s home values have increased steadily through the years and investors can expect to see that trend continue in the future.

Treasure Coast of Florida

If you enjoy a more laid-back lifestyle, and you appreciate the outdoors, beaches, and waterfront activities, then the Treasure Coast may be the place for you to invest in 2019. It is comprised of several small cities, such as Port St Lucie, Stuart, Palm City and Hutchinson Island. The reason that it makes sense to invest here is because there’s any and every type of real estate available at affordable prices. But, just because it’s more budget friendly, doesn’t mean there aren’t new and breathtaking waterfront mansions that can cost millions.

But, for the most part, you can buy a property for considerably less, depending on what type of real estate you want. The Treasure Coast is truly special, and one of the untouched coastal gems in Florida. The waterways are pristine and wind through all the cities, respectively. People love all the golfing communities, which are built around championship courses and amazing golfing centers.

According to top Treasure Coast Realtors, there are numerous single-family homes for sale in Port St Lucie situated on oversized, waterfront lots. Owners have deep-water ocean access, plus room for large yachts and other water toys.  

For those looking to retire beach-side, there are oceanfront condos available on Hutchinson Island in full-service buildings. Who wouldn’t want to wake up to a salty breeze from the Atlantic Ocean from your bedroom window? These buildings offer full fitness centers, concierge services and endless outdoor activities at your doorsteps.

Also Read: How Real Estate Regulatory Bill can help ailing Real Estate sector

Conclusion

Looking forward into 2019 and beyond, Florida is a friendly and welcoming place to invest your money that will not only pay dividends, but give you the quality lifestyle you want to enjoy. No matter if you want to live on the beach, near Florida attractions, or near the electric nightlife in Miami, Florida delivers. Just remember that hiring a local Realtor will save you both time and money, because they know the areas better than anyone else. Make sure you research the agents before you hire them to ensure they are the authority in the cities you want to live and invest your money.