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A tooth decay commonly called cavity. Pixabay

There is another pandemic in the making, but this one can be prevented. A recently conducted independent survey indicates that around 65 percent of children in India are affected with caries, a tooth decay commonly called a cavity, according to Divya Sanjay Sharma, Chairperson, Department of Paediatrics and Preventive Dentistry, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed Dental College & Hospital (ZADC), Aligarh Muslim University (AMU).

Professor Divya Sharma was speaking to the parents of children suffering from cavities during a special interactive session. “If you suspect that your child has a cavity, make an appointment with a pediatric dentist. They can examine your child’s teeth for signs of decay and then recommend treatment based on the extent of tooth decay,” she asserted.


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Explaining the treatment procedure, she told the parents of toddlers that dental filling is common for infants and children who have one or more cavities. Fillings can take place on permanent teeth, as well as on baby teeth”. During the procedure, the dentist removes the tooth decay and then fills the hole with a white composite or metal material. Filling a cavity that forms on a baby tooth can save or preserve the tooth,” Sharma said, adding that saving the tooth is important because losing baby teeth prematurely can cause a permanent tooth to improperly come in.


Parents of younger babies should take care of infant oral care. Pixabay

She pointed out that it is only in the cases of severe tooth decay that a dentist advises for a dental crown, typically silver in color. If the tooth is badly damaged or has an infection, the baby tooth may need to be extracted, she said. She stressed the importance of closely monitoring children as they brush and floss their teeth. “Make sure they know the proper technique, and brush for the recommended amount of time,” she said.

ALSO READ: Study: The School-Based Dental Program May Reduce Cavities

“Parents of younger babies should take care of infant oral care. Even if your baby doesn’t have teeth, their mouth still has germs. So wipe their gums with a soft cloth after each feeding, and gently brush their teeth twice a day with a pea-sized amount of kid-friendly fluoride toothpaste,” Sharma elaborated.

She also urged the parents to make sure that their children avoid night bottle feeds and snacks, and rinse their mouth with water before sleeping. Also, brushing should be started in the first year of a child’s life with just a rice grain amount of paste used twice daily. Children who are prone to dental problems must visit the dentist every three months. For children with braces or retainers, modified strokes using orthodontic brushes should be demonstrated by the dentist, she said. (IANS/SP)


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The aim of the book is to teach children that families can exist in different forms, and show them how to accept the diversity in family backgrounds.

By Siddhi Jain

Delhi-based author Pritisha Borthakur is set to release her new book, 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories'. The 1,404-word children's book was put together to address a new kind of societal debacle in the family system. The author says the aim is to teach children that families can exist in different forms, and show them how to accept the diversity in family backgrounds.

The author who named the book after her twin sons -- Puhor and Niyor -- is a parent who has seen and heard the tales of ridicule and discrimination suffered by many in India and beyond. She says the book is an artistic illustration for kids that details how different families can live and coexist. Whether it's children with two dads or two moms, children with a single dad or single mom, and even multiracial family units, Borthakur's book teaches love, understanding, and compassion towards unconventional families.

Beyond race, gender, color, and ethnicity which have formed the bases for discrimination since the beginning of time, this book aims to bring to light a largely ignored issue. For so long, single parents have been treated like a taboo without any attempt to understand their situations; no one really cares how or why one's marriage ended but just wants to treat single parents as villains simply for choosing happiness and loving their children.

Homosexual parents, a relatively new family system, is another form that has suffered hate and discrimination for many years. Pritisha emphasizes the need to understand that diversity in people and family is what makes the world beautiful and colourful. 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race, and even differences in background

four children standing on dirt during daytime 'Puhor and Niyor's Mural of Family Stories' is a firm but compassionate statement against all forms of discrimination on the bases of sexual identity, gender, race and even differences in background. | Photo by Ben Wicks on Unsplash


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