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By Kelly Smith
Deepali Puri entered her friend’s dorm room at The University of Tampa and was immediately faced with one of her Gods: Ganesh. He sat before them, his many hands intertwined between each other and his elephant head stared down upon them. Knowing the ancient religion of Hinduism well enough to know that dirt should be kept far away from any god at any time, she slipped off her shoes before going any closer. But what lay in front of it couldn’t be overcome with her simple shoe removal.
“There were shoes, dirty dishes, and trash in front of it,” the junior human performance major remembers. “Wrappers, dirty mugs, all of it. It’s bad luck, it’s not okay. It’s disrespectful.
But, as the forest green tapestry with the god on it kept hanging, the trash kept piling up. Puri continued to remove her shoes every time she entered the room. Her friends eventually noticed and when she explained why it’s important to keep the area clean, their reply was simple:
In recent years, there has been an obvious upswing in South Asian religious and cultural symbols being used in Western fashion and decor. In 2013, Selena Gomez wore a bindi, a ceremonial piece of jewelry worn by Hindu women to mark their status of being married during her performance at the MTV Music Video Awards. There are now retail stores popping up all around Tampa, such as Agora in Ybor City and Earth Bound Trading in Citrus Park Mall, that specialize in selling items that relate to the culture: statues of Ganesh, the god of education and overcoming obstacles, tapestries with the om symbol on them, a Sanskrit symbol that represents the divinity of the universe, statues of Shivas, little gods that represent harmony and balance in the universe, hamsa wall hangers to keep away the evil spirits and negative energy; the list goes on and on.
On top of fashion statements and home knickknacks, these symbols are now tattooed on people of all ages all around the country. On Instagram, there are accounts specifically created to post photos of these types of tattoos, one being titled “Hippie Tattoos.” It has 82,800 followers.
But, as Puri spoke about the disrespect she felt her roommates showed her god hanging on their wall, her feelings seemed to reflect the media’s backlash towards Gomez for being “culturally insensitive.” According to Puri, it really is a big deal to borrow these symbols.
“No one knows what they actually mean, and that’s the problem. These aren’t just decorations,” said Puri. “They’re symbols that have been around for thousands upon thousands of years—that obviously means something.”
Professor Daniel Dooghan is a seasoned professor who has specialized in a variety of topics, including Chinese religion and culture. When it comes to discussing how we represent people from cultures other than what is considered the Western “norm,” his eyes light up and his mouth never stops moving. He has taught numerous theory classes at UT, including Post-Colonial Literature and Theory, which focuses heavily on problems such as exploitation of minority groups, most commonly defined as cultural appropriation.
“Yes, it’s a problem, but—no one owns anything, ultimately. We have been borrowing things from other cultures for a very long time and weird stuff happens,”
In Dooghan’s opinion, the tattooing of Hindu gods and symbols on the body is just kids trying to look cool. These types of tattoo fads go back to the 90’s, when getting Chinese symbols tattooed seemed to be the “it” thing. Now South Asian styled ones are “it.” He describes putting these devotional symbols onto one’s body as “a dick move.”
“When you do this and you don’t have a connection to it, you’re reducing something that is different and saying that you can possess it. You’re saying [Hindu people’s beliefs] are irrelevant compared to your need to look cool at the bar,” says Dooghan.
Phillip Wolves is a twenty six year old beast topping nearly six feet and tattooed from head to toe. He has been in the tattooing profession for five years and splits his time between shops found in both New York and Boca Raton. He specializes in South Asian symbolic tattoos: Ganesh’s, lotus flowers, and hamsas. According to him, the average walk-in customer requesting an eastern motif based in spiritualism is female, ranging from the ages 18-26. Of the three, they most commonly request the sacred symbol of a lotus flower. These customers usually have a shallow understandings of their cultural context, he says, but explains that each comes requesting them with a story that is valid and memorable in its own right.
“I think we as human beings are all connected by things that transcend race, gender, religion and creed. Every culture has their versions of social structure and iconography that help illustrate the same concepts as anyone else’s,” said Wolves. “It’s only natural that there might be appeal to these concepts and ideals.”
Kayla Cunningham, a 23-year-old mother of two who lives in Tampa, Florida, feels strongly about non-Hindu people being able to borrow these symbols without criticism. She thinks that the people who are offended by this should be happy that their symbols have become so influential among people of other religions and cultures; it supports the fact that their power is timeless.
She has accumulated three Asian styled tattoos over the years: a lotus flower, a Geisha, and a cherry blossom tree. Although Cunningham claims she doesn’t have much knowledge about any religious associations that her tattoos may have, she has created her own stories and meanings behind them.
Her Geisha, for example, was placed on her body after she escaped an abusive relationship because of a Geisha’s reputation of holding great power over men. Her lotus flower represents the rebirth she experienced when she left addiction behind her. And, her cherry blossom tree reminds her of how fragile life is.
When Puri looks at the symbols that remind her so much of her belief system, she also feels connected to the billions of people that share them with her; and what she really wants is for people to just understand the tremendous importance of that.
“What it really comes down to, for me at least, is that everyone just needs to just start listening and being more aware and open about it all: these aren’t just fashion statements, they’re so much more than that,” said Puri.
They’re gods. They’re symbols that people turn to in times of need. They’re comforts from a land across the globe that some Hindus here won’t ever visit, but will still claim to be their home. They’re images of familiarity that brings a place as massive and as populated as India completely together, as one. They aren’t just a trend.
And, while some people say you may be an asshole for exploiting a group of people on the other side of the world at your expense of looking cool, Dooghan thinks that at the end of the day, there are bigger problems to be solved here.
“None of these things make you a horrible racist,” Dooghan said. “We just need to talk about how we collectively talk about other parts of the world.”
Malgudi, a small fictional town in South India has been part of the childhood of most Indians. It is an old, shabby, and peaceful town that is unruffled by politics. The stories set in this small town ring the sense of belongingness in the hearts of its readers. The familiar feeling that feels like home resonates with their soul. And teaches important life lessons to the readers through simple tales. Malgudi Days is one of the books that every Indian child should read. The book is a compilation of 32 short stories that paint a beautiful picture of small-town in India around the '60s and '70s
R. K. Narayan, one of the most well-known and popular writers within India and outside India is the creator of this town and the occurrences of this town. The stories follow the characters Swami and his friends through their everyday lives. Be it the story of fake astrologers who scam and loot the people by his cleverness, or the story of a blind beggar and his dog where the money blinded the man with greed; each story has a lesson to learn, morals and values hidden in it. As the stories are simple, easy to understand yet heart-touching it makes it easy for the kids to connect with each character and imagine the story as if the reader themselves were the protagonist of the story. In simple words, we can say that R.K. Narayan simply told stories of ordinary people trying to live their simple lives in a changing world.
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As written during the Indian Independence movements and finally published in 1943. The stories in the Malgudi days beautifully encapsulated the transitioning milieu of the British era to post-Independence India. Each of the stories portrays a facet of life in Malgudi and simultaneously a life in an Indian town. R.K. Narayan was one of the first writers who pioneered Indian writings in the English language and the book was later republished outside India in 1982 by Penguin Classics. Thus, the book enjoyed a worldwide audience. The New York Times even described the virtue of the book as "everyone in the book seems to have a capacity for responding to the quality of his particular hour. It's an art we need to study and revive."
The beautiful storytelling of the book was assisted by beautiful illustrations allowing the children to let their imagination teleport them to the world of Malgudi. All the illustrations in the book were illustrated by the world-renowned cartoonist, R.K. Laxman who is also R.K. Narayan's younger brother. The illustrations complimented the scenes from the stories and excited the children, keeping them engaged in reading the book for hours.
The illustrations complimented the scenes from the stories.Pixabay
The short stories from Malgudi Days were later adapted into a television adaptation in 1986. This show was directed by actor and director Shankar Nag. It was filmed both in Hindi and English, containing 54 episodes and the first 13 episodes respectively. Later the series was revived for additional 15 episodes. The show featured several popular celebrities from the Kannada film industry of those days – Girish Karnad, Vishnuvardhan, Ananth Nag, Arundhati Nag and Vaishali Kasaravalli, to name a few. The series was premiered on the Doordarshan channel and became the window into the town Malgudi for many. The show did not only excel in its storyline the TV adaptation elevated the storytelling as the show was technically very sound and stood out in its fantastic detailing in terms of locations and sets. With the cinematography being creative The Malgudi days- TV series once again warmed the hearts of both young ones and adults.
ALSO READ: Poems of Love And War
Malgudi- our childhood home
Malgudi days hold a special place in the hearts of whoever has read the book as a child. With the detailed descriptions of the town and stories one almost gets a feeling that they've visited the place themselves. The characters, Swami and his friends feel like they were all readers' childhood friends. The surreal feeling of being home in the world of Malgudi. The world of Malgudi is intimate, warm, lifelike, and engaging. The setting is modern, and the life portrayed in these stories is contemporary. Still, there is an old-time air about It. R K Narayan once described Malgudi as "Malgudi is where we all belong, and where we wish we lived."
Keywords: Malgudi days, Malgudi, R K Narayan, R K Laxman, storytelling, our childhood home Malgudi
Well, if you'll notice then the moon takes twenty-nine days to complete its lunar cycle, whereas women's menstrual cycle is generally 28 days! Coincidence? I think, not.
It is believed that when a woman goes through her menstrual cycle, she goes through the different lunar energies. In fact, in ancient times it was said that the natural rhythm of women was to menstruate under a new moon and ovulate under a full moon.
At the same time, it is also believed that the cycle and its stages are connected to different seasons, namely, spring, summer, autumn, and winter.
Let us see how the lunar cycle is related to a woman's menstrual cycle!
It must be noted that the menstruation period is during the new moon period and also during the winter season. It is said that this is a reflective phase; a phase of silence, introspection, and solitude. During this phase, a woman's body is more sensitive, and so they're able to connect with it and hear the messages it gives. Interestingly, this is also the time when a woman naturally recycles energy as she menstruates, and hence, it's also the for their rest and recovery.
The Crescent moon represents the pre-ovulation period. This is also the season of spring, and so the time corresponds to an increase in physical energy. During this period, a woman's mental strength is at its peak and their thoughts are much clearer. At the same time, emotions are more stable during this period, and because of which women tend to be more social and outgoing.
This phase of the moon represents ovulation, and the season associated with this phase is summer. It must be noted that this period is full of energy and vitality. At the same time, this period plays a significant role in the lives of women because it's actually a fertile phase in all aspects of their life, be it personal or professional. During this period, the self-confidence and self-esteem in women tend to rise, and along with this, an increase in their sex drive can be seen very well.
This phase of the moon represents pre-menstruation, which is also associated with the autumn season. During this period, a woman's physical energy starts to decline. Metaphorically, just like a tree sheds its leaves, a woman, too, feels the need to let go of anything that is not benefiting her. At the same time, memory and the ability to concentrate decrease in this period.
I hope, now you will not think of the moon just as a celestial body, but as a companion in the lives of women!
Keywords: Women pre-Menstruation, Feminine, women Health Fitness, the moon represents the pre-ovulation period, period and moon cycle.
The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has directed Pak TV channels to stop airing what it calls indecency and intimacy in dramas, Samaa TV reported.
A notification issued by the authority states that it has been receiving numerous complaints from viewers who believe that the content being depicted in dramas does not represent the "true picture of Pakistani society".
"PEMRA finally got something right: Intimacy and affection between married couples isn't 'true depiction of Pakistani society and must not be 'glamourized'. Our 'culture' is control, abuse, and violence, which we must jealously guard against the imposition of such alien values," said Reema Omer, Legal Advisor, South Asia, International Commission of Jurists.
"Hugs, caress scenes, extramarital affairs, vulgar and bold dressing, bed scenes and intimacy of married couples are being glamourized in utter disregard to Islamic teachings and culture of Pakistani society," PEMRA stated, as per the report.
The authority added that it has directed channels time and again to review content with "indecent dressing, controversial and objectionable plots, bed scenes and unnecessary detailing of events".
Most complaints received by the PEMRA Call Centre during September concern drama serial "Juda Huay Kuch is Tarah", which created quite a storm on social media for showing an unwitting married couple as foster siblings in a teaser for an upcoming episode. However, it only turned out to be a family scheme after the full episode aired, but by that time criticism had mounted on HUM TV for using the themes of incest to drive the plot, the report said. (IANS/JB)
Keywords: Pakistan, Islam, Serials, Dramas, Culture, Teachings.