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European Union launches naval operation against human traffickers in Mediterranean

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Brussels: The European Union (EU) on Monday launched a naval operation against human traffickers in the Mediterranean.

According to an EU statement, the mission titled “EUNAVFOR Med” is aimed at identifying, capturing and seizing vessels used or suspected of being used by migrant smugglers or traffickers, Xinhua news agency reported.

EUNAVFOR Med will run for 12 months. The first phase is to focus on surveillance and assessing human smuggling and trafficking networks in the southern central Mediterranean.

The second stage of the operation is to search and, if necessary, apprehend suspicious vessels.

The third phase would dispose of the vessels, and arrest traffickers and smugglers.

The European Council will assess when to move beyond the first step, taking into account a UN mandate and the consent of the coastal states concerned.

The cost of the operation is estimated at 11.82 million euros (about $13 million). (IANS)

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Mystery Unveiled : The Reason Behind Domestication Of Cats

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A group of three Cats. Pixabay

June 30, 2017: A new DNA study published in Ecology and Evolution infers how cats have followed the development of Western civilization. This process was helped by an attempt in the 18th century, creating the lovable tamed short-haired or “tabby” cat.

While the origin of the domesticated cat is still a mystery, it seems that the manner of becoming pets took a long time. It also appears, because cats are independent, territorial and, antisocial, they were not so easy to tame as compared to the co-operative pack of the wolf.

ALSO READ: Evolution and falling levels of human intelligence: Learn from cats!

Cats lived around humans for many centuries before dropping to the lure of the fire and the cushion and coming in from the cold behaviour to become true companions to humans.

The cat found in Cyprus resembles the Neolithic period of around 10,000 BC to 4,000 BC and the agricultural revolution. This was when people were starting to settle down and become farmers instead of carrying on the nomadic hunter-gatherer existence.

An earlier DNA study of other ancient remains tells that domestic cats first emerged in the land at the eastern end of the Mediterranean where some of the first human civilizations emerged.

The authors of the new study examined DNA taken from bones and teeth of ancient cat remains to track the spread of the domestic cat. They also studied samples from the skin and hair of mummified Egyptian cats.

They found that all modern cats have ancestors among the Near Eastern and Egyptian cats, although the contributions of these two groups to the gene pool of today’s cats probably happened at different times. The DNA study suggests domestic cats spread out over a period of around 1,300 years to the 5th century AD, with remains recorded in Bulgaria, Turkey and Jordan.

The DNA study suggests domestic cats spread out over a period of around 1,300 years to the 5th century AD, with remains recorded in Bulgaria, Turkey and Jordan.

Another striking finding is that domestic cats from earlier times, when strolled with humans to new parts of the world mated with local Wildcats and spread their genes through the population. And, in the process, they forever changed the gene of cats in the area.

– by Naina Mishra of Newsgram. Twitter: @Nainamishr94

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