Wednesday January 17, 2018

Exclusive: Is Online Reading Culture Eliminating the habit of going to Libraries?

“Libraries are screwed,” said Eli Neiburger, a Michigan library director

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Old Books in Libraries. Pixabay
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New Delhi, Apr 20, 2017: Of the many institutions suffering through the world’s metamorphosis from analogue to digital (real to virtual, offline to online), few are as beleaguered as the bedrock of our culture, the public library. Budgets are being slashed by state and local governments.

Even the best libraries are cutting staff and hours. Their information desks are seemingly superseded by Google, their encyclopedias are gathering dust. And their defining product, the one that lines their shelves, now arrives in the form of a weightless doppelgänger that doesn’t require shelves.

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Their information desks are seemingly superseded by Google, their encyclopedias are gathering dust. And their defining product, the one that lines their shelves, now arrives in the form of a weightless doppelgänger that doesn’t require shelves.

In the technocracy, all the world’s information comes to us on screens—desk, pocket, wrist, goggles—and no one trudges through wind and rain with library card in hand to find a single worn object.

“Libraries are screwed,” said Eli Neiburger, a Michigan library director, in a much-quoted presentation at a Library Journal conference in 2010. “Libraries are screwed because we are invested in the codex, and the codex has become outmoded.

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Gone are the days when avid readers used to sleep holding a book to their chest. Everyone wants a plug point near their bed to charge their tabs instead of a shelf to keep the books properly.

Age old is the saying that “Books are the best companion of man” but with the constantly advancing technology it seems like kindles and other gadgets are wiping away the books from the scene. No wonder, house to vast knowledge: libraries can be seen as empty spaces as the no. of book readers are reducing exponentially.

According to a survey conducted by Global Trade Talk, no. of e- readers across the world has increased to 12.8 million in 2010 and the no. has been rising ever since which evidently means a reduction in people reading the hard copy.70.8 million tablets and 16.6 million e-readers were shipped in 2012. At the end of 2015, eMarketer estimated that there are 83.4 million e-reader users in the US, with the number predicted to grow by 3.5% in 2016.

This is certainly having an adverse impact on libraries and the traditional libraries are just becoming places for “free wi-fi” where people sit and stare at their gadgets.

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However, a segment of people is still sticking to the books and has this to say regarding the latest online reading trend: Deepak Sharma, a student of Masscomedia in New Delhi said, ”Online studies are undoubtedly shattering libraries, it not only consumes eyes but also UV rays have negative impact on brain. While library gives one opportunity to act as a discoverer, connects with information and people manually and better mental exercise. Study hours, sitting postures, the incredible process of finding the desired material everything is getting a hit due to online reading and lost library culture.”

Mrs. Archana Sihag, a schoolteacher by profession says,” students are readily attracted to tabs and do not want to carry “heavy” books but it doesn’t matter how much you try, you can’t replace a book with a kindle. The feeling you get while reading a book cannot be matched with a kindle or any other means of online reading.”

Needless to say, online reading is certainly gaining popularity but people are still keeping the books around and there is a hope that this tradition will not die.

– by Nikita Tayal of NewsGram Twitter @Nikitatayal6

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“Some people’s agenda is to break Indian parliament by 2025 through bombs and ammunition”: Vivek Agnihotri

Through his book, "Urban Naxal", Vivek Agnihotri has raised his voice against anti-nationals and the people who crib against the policies of the government.

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Vivek Agnihotri. Wikimedia Commons
Vivek Agnihotri. Wikimedia Commons
  • Vivek Agnihotri is a Bollywood director
  • “Urban Naxal” and launched it in ‘World Book Fair’ held in Delhi
  • I want to ask Jignesh Mevani, from whom he wants freedom

The controversy related to the movie, “Budhha in traffic Jam” made Vivek Agnihotri a sensation overnight. There were several protests against the movie and there was chaos related to the screening of the movie in Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi. Vivek was even trolled and threatened for his movie but he didn’t dog down and came up with his book.

Recently, Vivek has come up with his new book, “Urban Naxal” and launched it in ‘World Book Fair’ held in Delhi. The publisher of his book is Garuda Publications. Through this book, he has raised his voice against anti-nationals and the people who crib against the policies of the government.

In an exclusive interview with Vikram Khajuria of NewsGram, Vivek expressed his views about the controversies in which he was involved in. He was also congratulated by the NewsGram team on his book launch. Excerpts:

Also Read: Interview with Zaira Wasim: Don’t know if I’ll become full-time actress in future

Question: The book that you have published with Garuda Publication and as this is a new publication, so what are your expectations from this publication. All the books launched today are based on some of the other ideology.

Answer: People should not have expectations from publication; rather it should be from readers. The expectations should be from the people who will buy these books and read them. People are buying books and books are being consumed in India. People should write about India and its problem. It’s an aspect of the country that the Garuda publication is fighting for. That’s why I am standing with them.

Question: The comments that you have recently received on your controversial movie, “Buddha in a Traffic Jam” and the book you have launched today. Is there any connection between both of them?

Answer: Of course yes, because from that movie, I got to know what was going on in this country? Before that, my life was very comfortable and I was making movies with Bollywood stars. With this movie, I got to know that the people who are creating narratives and are trying to break the country.

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Question: Your every movie is different from your last movie. You have come from ‘Chocolate’ to ‘Buddha in a Traffic Jam’, so are you trying to set a trend in Bollywood because many successful Bollywood directors have set a particular trend. Prakash Jha has a different style and Sanjay Leela Bhansali has some unique genre. So, is your all the movies are on the same lines?

Answer: I belong to a village and I am from very poor family. I want to learn filmmaking and how will I learn filmmaking, if I will make only comedy or horror films and also without experimenting.

Those people are wealthy enough and as they have enough money. They can carry on with their trends with what their family is doing since long but I have to work out daily. Once I do something, I move on to learn something new. But after ‘Buddha in a Traffic Jam’, the trend has been changed. I am making a film on Shastri Ji and I will keep experimenting.

Vivek Agnihotri has launched his book “Urban Naxal”
The picture is shot by the team of NewsGram

Question: You have openly challenged Jignesh Mevani for an open debate.  So, what do you want to ask him?

Answer: I want to know about his ideologies and from what he wants to get free from. Today India needs freedom from inefficiency, unhygienic and corruption. Does India need freedom from itself only? So, if every state wants from India, where will we live? Will India survive? So, I want to ask him, from whom he wants freedom, why is he so frustrated and what is his problem and what is his vision. If he has some vision, he needs to answer it. So, I want him to answer him on these issues. I know these people very well. These people do not have anything to say. Their only agenda is to break Indian parliament by 2025 by bombs and ammunition. But we people won’t let it happen

Question: In one of your tweets, you have commented on the quality of stand-up comedy in India. Are you targeting everyone?

Answer: If you look at Sharad Joshi and Hari Shankar Prasad, they all write satire. The business of a comedian is to squib on social issues. It should be done by a satirist. They should not be indulged in taunting handicapped people, women, homosexuals, Indian people, people who can’t speak English and always abusing in their conversation.

Also Read: Learned a lot from personal and professional hiccups: Rani

 Question: Are you trying to target AIB (All India Bakchod) through your comments?

Answer: I am not targeting anyone and nor do I know about the AIB. But generally speaking, the standards of English stand-up comedians have really gone down, whereas, it should have gone up. The comedians of nowadays are stealing the joke from the western countries and they don’t have anything of their own. The older legends like Jaspal Bhatti and Raju Shrivastava were much better than today’s stand-up comedians.

Question: Do you think that there is such atmosphere in our country that if you do not comply with what other is saying, it means your ideologies are different. Sometimes, our own family members do not comply with our thoughts. So, is it wise to target particular wing and troll them? Sometimes you tend to target politicians and media. What do you want to say about it?

Answer: In this world, if you won’t do that, people will start comparing between fat and small and then they will fight. God has given us such a mind that helps us to make a balance and without it, the world will not prosper. We should utilize it in productive things rather than squandering. People who have the narrative in their hands are all rich and affluent class and they want that we people should keep fighting on such petty issues. The questio  how we are going to deal with the strategy of divide and rule. So, we have to raise our voice against such atrocities and have to come over it.