Never miss a story

Get subscribed to our newsletter


×
Wikimedia Commons

This painting depicts Aurangzeb (1658 - 1707) reading the Quran.

By- Khushi Bisht

The sixth emperor Mughal empire, Aurangzeb, is regarded as one of India's most despised men. He is widely hated as a religious zealot who intended to brutally persecute Hindus, and some even accuse him of instigating wars that lead to the establishment of distinct Muslim-dominated states throughout South Asia.


He ruled for five decades (1658–1707), and his tenure had a significant impact on early contemporary India's political arena. And even after all these years, his influence can still be felt in significant parts of India and Pakistan.

Follow NewsGram on LinkedIn to know what's happening around the world.

Mughal royalty came with a lot of leeways, and Aurangzeb took advantage of it to mold Mughal court culture to suit his own ideological and religious preferences. He sponsored the "Fatawa-e-Alamgiri," a compilation of Hanafi (one of four Sunni schools) law rules that control the activities of Indian Muslims.

What is Fatawa-e-Alamgiri?

It is a comprehensive collection of India's Sunni Muslims customs and commandments, produced during Aurangzeb's reign in the late 17th century. Many academics, mostly from the Hanafi school, contributed to this collection, which is based on Sunni Hanafi Islam's Sharia law. Aurangzeb assembled hundreds of Muslim scholars, including Shah Abdul Rahim and Sheikh Nizam Burhanpuri who were well-versed in Islamic laws from South Asia, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia to produce Fatawa-e-Alamgiri. In the late Mughal reign, their efforts culminated in the creation of an Islamic law system for South Asia.

By the early 18th century, it had become the core of Aurangzeb's empire's law and philosophy. Even today, Fatawa-e-Alamgiri has a stronghold on the Muslim world, and it is a mandatory curriculum at madrasas (Islamic religious schools).

Fatawa-e-Alamgiri Sir William Jones' manuscript copy of al-Fatawa al-'Alamgiriyyah.Wikimedia Commons


What's written in Fatawa-e-Alamgiri?

Fatwa-e-Alamgiri comprises of a law system governing personal, family, inter-religious relations, slavery, land, war, taxation, and other laws, as well as the juristic decisions of the time's 'faqīh' (Islamic jurisprudence) on a variety of probable scenarios. It established a judicial framework that discriminated against individuals based on their faith, position in society, and economic standing.

This isn't all; it also contains several other distressing details that demonstrate Aurangzeb's intolerant, vicious, and misogynistic character. In general, the Fatwa-e-Alamgiri reveals the mentality of India's so-called religious minority.

The Fatawa-e Alamgiri allows Muslims to forcefully conduct a marriage of a girl child, it gives Muslim males the freedom to marry as many women as they like. It addresses the right to own a slave girl and states that Muslim men are permitted to possess a bandhi 'sex slave.' It expresses the belief that a female is equal to half of a man's worth.

It encourages Jihad and allows for the slaughter of anyone who is a Kaafir (Infidel or Non-believer of Islam). It instructs Muslim men to slay, physically assault, rape, and convert "Kaafir" women (mainly Hindu women) to Islam. The beliefs of Aurangzeb favor female slavery and the forcible abduction of infidel women.

As a result of Aurangzeb's ideology, many massacres were committed in India, including forceful conversion of Hindus, the raping and slaughtering of our women, and the destruction of our culture and heritage.

Fatawa-e-Alamgiri Aurangzeb in his old age. Wikimedia Commons


ALSO READ: Harris Sultan: Know Why He Left Islam

Beyond everything else, Aurangzeb was a brutal, ruthless abuser of Hindus. He was an Islamic fundamentalist who is usually assumed to have devoted his near half-century rule wreaking havoc on Hinduism. When his attempt to persuade and convert all Hindus to Islam was unsuccessful, he allegedly turned to Jihad and massacred millions of Hindus.

This is a fact that no one can deny. This has been a pillar of Islam since its inception.

Many of Aurangzeb's Fatawa-e Alamgiri's provisions or extreme ideas and beliefs are totally reflected in present Muslim Personal Law (Shariat), 1937. It is based wholly on Aurangzeb's Fatawa-e Alamgiri, a Mughal tool used to popularize and spread Islamist domination throughout the Indian subcontinent.

The Muslim Personal Law is a complete modification of the Fatawa-e Alamgiri. The only difference between Aurangzeb's Fatawa-e Alamgiri and personal law is their titles. Given the toxic sentiments it supports, the Muslim law board (All India Muslim Personal Law Board) is a threat to India's oneness and harmony.


Popular

wikimedia commons

Tenali Raman, courtier to Krishnadevaraya (A portrait)


Tenali Ramakrishna, or Tenali Raman as he is more popularly known is Birbal's equivalent in South India. A court jester and a scholar exuding great wisdom, Tenali Raman was known as one of the greatest courtiers in King Krishnadevaraya's court.

Keep Reading Show less
Photo by Pixabay

Battle at Lanka as mentioned in the Ramayana

It must be noted that different religions and societies in Southeast Asia have alternative narratives of Ramayana, one of the greatest epic.

Here are some of the versions of Ramayana!

Keep Reading Show less
Virendra Singh Gosain, Hindustan Times

Hijras are a community of people who include eunuchs, intersex, and transgender people

When a baby is born in an Indian household-they invite hijra to shower the newborn with their blessings for their blessings confer fertility, prosperity, and long life on the child. But when that child grows up we teach them to avert their eyes when a group of hijras passes by, we pass on the behaviour of treating hijras as lesser humans to our children. Whenever a child raises a question related to gender identity or sexuality they are shushed down. We're taught to believe that anything "deviant" and outside of traditional cis-heteronormativity is something to be ashamed of. This mentality raises anxious, scared queer adults who're ashamed of their own identity, and adults who bully people for "queer behaviour".

Hijras are a community of people who include eunuchs, intersex, and transgender people. They worship the Hindu goddess of chastity and fertility, Bahuchara Mata. Most hijras, but not all, choose to undergo a castration ceremony known as "nirvana" in which they remove their male genitalia as an offering to their goddess. The whole community is vibrant with hundreds of people with hundreds of ways of expression, the true identity of a hijra is complex and unique to each individual. In India, hijras prefer to refer to themselves as Kinner/Kinnar as it means the mythological beings who excel at singing and dancing.

Keep reading... Show less