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By Atul Mishra

Film societies and clubs in India are in as much resonance with the movie culture as are commercial theatres and multiplexes. But the former has come a long way since Satyajit Ray, with a few others, founded the Calcutta Film Society in 1947.

The 1925 silent film directed by Sergei Eisenstein, The Battleship Potemkin was the first film screened at this society. In 1959, Federation of Film Societies of India was formed as a central organization combining the film societies of Calcutta, Delhi, Bombay, Madras and Patna. All these societies since then have been screening alternative and relevant cinema, holding meetings with aspiring filmmakers and film buffs to spill their creative cinematic cerebrums out.

With free accessibility to movies on torrents, film societies have seen a decline in the spectatorship. In order to deal with such a situation, these organizations have recently screened alternative cinema and scheduled discussions for cinephiles.

Let’s have a look at some of these conglomerates which can prove worthwhile for movie enthusiasts.

Habitat Film Club

Situated in India Habitat Centre and founded in 2000, Habitat Film Club screens various films of all genres and diaspora every month. The Film Club hopes to expose its members to the wealth and variety of cinema from across the globe. From the early classics to the avant-garde styles of the new filmmakers, as well as films from mainstreams cinema showcasing the works of the legends and rising stars of Indian & World cinema. Screenings are coupled with film appreciation lectures and interactions with eminent directors.


Lightcube was founded in April 2012 by Suraj Prasad and Anuj Malhotra. It is located in Noida. Lightcube Film Society generally organizes two types of festivals: Retrospectives of Directors (instances from the past: Fritz Lang, Alain Resnais, Buster Keaton, Satyajit Ray) or festivals of distinct films that belong to the same thematic or ideological fiber (instances from the past: Transmissions 2012, DIAF 2012, Distant Firelights). This society intends to make cinema reach beyond the metropolitans and hence they always initiate screenings in various villages across the country.

Shamiana, the short film club

Started in 2010 and run by Priya Bhattacharji, Shamiana has no fixed venue to screen its films. The idea is to be accessible to film enthusiasts. This society screens only short films. The club screens at Habitat Center, Blue Frog, Alliance Francaise, among other venues. The entry is free. For more information, one can visit

IIC Film Club

Initiated in 1967, the Indian International Center Film Club is today the oldest functioning film society in Delhi. Open to all members of the Centre, its members includes filmmakers, artists, academicians, film critics and scholars, journalists, students and other cinephiles. Every month, the Film Club screens four to six films of merit and excellence, films that are normally not available in the commercial circuit. In addition, it presents festivals and retrospectives around the classic work of renowned directors as well as films by avant-garde directors in the international circuits shaping new directions in cinema.


Cinedarbaar, located in Greater Kailash, is a team of movie enthusiasts, programmers, critics and strategists working in the sector of Art, Culture and Education. Their film festivals are very exclusive and selective in approach, screening only the best pieces of cinema. Screenings are then followed by intense discussions. The recent screenings include LGBT film festival, Singapore Film Festival and Artificial Intelligence Festival.


Photo by Manisa Mitpaibul on Unsplash

The R&D team at ITC Savlon, shares some tips to maximize hygiene and ensure germ-free cleaning this Diwali.

With Diwali comes the yearly ritual of disinfectingand deep-cleaning our homes. However, your basic cleaning ritual might not be sufficient to the changing needs of the environment we live in. If the deadly viruses around us have taught anything, disinfection should be as much a goal in our regular cleaning, rather than just the basic visible cleanliness. Therefore, it becomes necessary to know the right way of cleaning and disinfectinghomes that lends itself to a responsible celebration. While we plan to welcome Goddess Lakshmi by cleaning and decorating our living spaces inside out, we should be aware of those corners that are prone to infections, diseases and require our special attention.

The R&D team at ITC Savlon, shares some tips to maximize hygiene and ensure germ-free cleaning this Diwali:

Clean your Kitchen
As the excitement builds for us to be able to open our houses to guests and have the kitchen work overtime to put out scrumptious meals, do spend a moment on considering thorough kitchen disinfection. Bear in mind that the multiple ways in which we use our home kitchen carry with it the burden of microbes that can cause infections.

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Wikimedia Commons

A painting of Raja Birbal, as he was known

Birbal, an intelligent and witty man, was a beloved courtier to Emperor Akbar. He was one of the youngest men of the court, who had the greatest influence on the ruler. Despite his Hindu background, he supported the Mughal ruler and even adopted Din-i-ilahi towards the end of his life. He died in a battle that he led against a rebel army. He belonged to the precious nine courtiers of Akbar's court known as the Navratnas (nine gems).

Born as Mahesh Das, Birbal was renamed in Akbar's court. He solved many petty issues with his wit and is known as a man of practical wisdom. He lives on today in the literature that shapes children's formative years, in application comedy for adults, and in folktales for everyone else. His wisdom is so unique and so practical that it does not take too much to understand it. At the same time, it is not something that can be easily emulated.

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Photo by Diane Picchiotino on Unsplash

Mass graves marked by individual crosses

Just as much as man has evolved from the time of the nomads, his practices and rituals have grown more and more sophisticated. With time, things that once were just formalities have acquired ritual significance and are observed in solemnity. Death was once something that marked the end, but now is an important life change event that is memorialized. Some people come alive only after death.

In nomadic times, men buried their dead companions or family along the route they traveled. They would place a stone or any heavy object over it, to prevent the soil from becoming loose around the body, or to keep it safe from scavengers. This practice is no longer followed as the animal kingdom and man's world have become distinct from each other.

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