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Find out why million Indians, particularly Goan Diaspora in UK fear losing benefits!

A situation of precariousness surrounds the Goans in the UK who are employed in some kind of commerce activities or services on the basis of their Portuguese passports

Goan Catholics. Image source: Wikimedia Commons

September 3, 2016: Following United Kingdom’s narrow but a remarkable exit from the European Union, the Goan Diaspora fear a doubtful and uncertain future in the UK.

There are over a million Indians who live in the UK and according to a research conducted by Oxford University, Portugal is currently the biggest access into Britain for the migrants from outside the Union. Many immigrants who were born outside EU are working in Britain with a Portuguese passport as discovered in the first half of the year 2015.

Among these, about 20,000 people are Goan Indians and the rest of the population is comprised of people from Portuguese settlements, Brazil and Angola. As the Portugal Nationality law states, anyone who was born in the colonies established by the Portuguese (which includes Goa, Daman and Diu) before the process of salvation on December 19, 1961, can claim their Portugal Nationality.

Portugal is still a member of the Union and therefore this allows the Goans to settle in the rest of the 28 member countries of EU. Further, the settlement process requires their registered births and marriages in Portugal.

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The Goans have been moving to the other parts of the world since a very long time due to financial reasons and a considerable number of Goans have settled in UK and now have a good network of similar people out there. This is the reason why the exit of Britain from the European Union has raised a lot of questions and a feeling of agitation with regards to the further settlement of the Goan diaspora residing there.

A situation of precariousness surrounds the Goans in the UK who are employed in some kind of commerce activities or services on the basis of their Portuguese passports. Since Britain was a part of the Union, the Goans were free to move from one country to the other within the EU and hence they settled easily in the UK.

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After Brexit, the Goan community is alarmed of their immigration stature of being altered as per the regulations. Even though the whole procedure of Britain’s exit from the European Union is not a short one and is going to take a span of almost two years and till then the Goan community can feel free and continue to stay normally without any fear. But, the Brexit is ought to happen officially and that day might bring a surge of tension for those who hold Portuguese passport and are residing in the UK.

The ones holding Portuguese nationality status will still be considered a part of the European Union and will be able to move liberally among the other countries but settling again in a new country by overcoming the language obstructions, differences in culture, alien lifestyle and most importantly the employment opportunities is not an easy task.

The Goans who have just got their passports or those who are stuck in the complex process of getting one are going to suffer the most as the amount of uncertainty about them moving to some other country is high; also they there is a possibility that they have spent a lot of money in the process already. But, only time will tell whether the steps were taken by the Portuguese and Indian government in order to help the Goans will be fruitful or not.

The Goan diaspora in UK has always been an unorthodox and peaceful community and they have moved to places for better economic possibilities and employment conditions. Their emigration should not be taken or judged as something anti-national as from India’s point of view and the help must be provided soon from both the governments.

– by Arya Sharan of NewsGram. Twitter: NoOffense9

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CPR training for all must to save lives: Experts

Nearly 98 per cent Indians are not trained in basic life-saving technique of CPR during sudden cardiac arrest

Participants practice cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important life skill to know. VOA

Imagine walking on the road and suddenly seeing a passerby suffering from chest pain and collapsing. Would you be able to give a lifesaving Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)? Most likely, no.

A recent survey conducted by Lybrate — a domestic online doctor consultation platform — showed that nearly 98 per cent Indians are not trained in basic life-saving technique of CPR during sudden cardiac arrest.

In India, sudden cardiac arrest is a major cause of death due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and shockingly 60 per cent of the people who suffer a sudden cardiac arrest succumb to it even before they reach hospital, the survey, conducted in 2016, showed.

It is important to be trained in CPR. Flickr

The need of the hour is to make CPR training a must in schools and colleges and even at community level, as it can triple a patient’s chance of survival, if performed in the first few minutes of cardiac arrest, health experts said. CPR consists of using chest compressions and artificial ventilation to maintain circulatory flow and oxygenation during cardiac arrests and is the cost effective way to improve survival.

“In case of sudden cardiac arrest, the mortality is very high — almost 90 per cent or more if not resuscitated within 10 minutes,” Neeraj Bhalla, Director and Senior Consultant Cardiology at BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi, told IANS.

The American Heart Association (AHA) defines CPR as an emergency procedure to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a patient and, especially, if performed immediately, it can double or triple a cardiac arrest patient’s chance of survival.

“Any process to bring back the heart beats in the first minute is very important and CPR is one very effective and time-tested process. There should be a concerted effort to make CPR training a must,” added Piyusha Majumdar, Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Health Management Research (IIHMR) University, Jaipur.

The basic technique of CPR illustrated. Pixabay

The AHA recommends uninterrupted chest compression (100 chest compressions in a minute) to the patient until para-medical support is given, which helps in supplying oxygenated blood to the brain and preventing death. Bystander CPR, and AED (automated defibrillators), are very useful in saving lives,” Bhalla said.

“The use of AED — used to diagnose life-threatening arrhythmias or irregularity of heart rhythm — can also be used to treat a dying heart by using electric shock to revive the heart’s rhythm,” Vanita Arora of Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, told IANS.

The device is easy to use, and with some basic training, it can easily be operated by a layman. However, “it is not available at most places, unfortunately. An AED machine should be there at every place where there’s a fire extinguisher. That’s how important a role it can play in saving lives,” Arora noted.

Also Read: CPR Survival Rates Lower Than Most People Think

“The government can also come out with campaigns and such training should be given to all and sundry. Government and private hospitals should also be roped in to provide training, apart from making it compulsory in schools and colleges. Besides, NGOs can also be of great help in such an initiative,” Majumdar added.

The experts also noted that most people fail to identify when a person is suffering cardiac arrest. “A person suffering cardiac arrest will show the following symptoms: pain in the chest, palpitations or shortness of breath, collapse due to loss of consciousness and, most critical, no detectable pulse. The last two are very easy to detect and are almost clear signs of cardiac arrest,” Arora emphasised.

“When you see a person faint or become unconscious gasping for breath, the first thing is to check the pulse or beating of the heart. A person suffering from sudden cardiac arrest will not have detectable pulse, which means he has only seconds to survive. The next step is to call emergency medical service immediately. Almost simultaneously, the person should begin performing CPR,” she noted.

CPR is being administered while a second rescuer prepares for defibrillation. Wikipedia

At the same time, proper heart examination should be made part of routine health check up among the people in the country. People get heart check-ups like ECG and angiographies done only when they face problems like chest pain or any other symptom of heart attack or cardiac arrest.

One should never ignore unexplained weakness, tiredness, first onset chest burning or first onset breathlessness after the age of 40. Those with strong family history of heart disease should get themselves screened, the doctors said.

Leading a healthy lifestyle — including a daily exercise routine, eating healthy food and avoiding stress, adequate sleep — is good for maintaining a healthy heart. It must be made mandatory to teach CPR to all students, office-goers, security personal and almost every citizen of the country, the experts said. IANS