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Flood Risk might hit Nepal due to Road Construction in India

Nepal suggests that the road construction in India might obstruct the flow of several rivers

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Representational Image. Image source: cedarfundeng.wordpress.com
  • Nepal authorities are concerned about the flood risks in Tarai region
  • The Nepal officials blame India’s road project for increasing risk of floods
  • Nepal came up with the issue during 11th meeting of Nepal-India Joint Border Management Meeting

Several parts of Nepal are facing flood from mid of June. Social media sites like Facebook and Whatsapp are continuously carrying out videos of Mahakali river gulping down various buildings in the Darchula district of Nepal. The village also borders the Uttarakhand state of India. According to International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) of Nepal, the region has not faced such a drastic flood in past 50 years.

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Amid of this, Nepal authorities are concerned about the flood risks in Tarai region. According to officials, several parts of Bardiya, Kapilvastu, Banke, Mahottari and Kanchanpur have become vulnerable to floods in the beginning of the monsoon seasons retaining the fact that Kapilvastu and Bardiya district faced huge flood during monsoon last year in 2015, said the kathmandupost.com report.

Road Construction (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
Road Construction Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

The Nepal officials blame India’s road project for increasing risk of floods. India is speedily constructing a road parallel to the 1,751-kilometer Nepal-India border. Yadav Prasad Koirala, Spokesperson of Ministry of Home affairs, is currently making list of all the area of Western Nepal attacked by floods.

“The more roads India constructs along the border, the more vulnerable Nepali territory will become to floods,” said Yadva Prasad Koirala to Kathmandu Post. Koirala had also urged Indian government to hold Bilateral meeting between two nations as soon as possible

Following the problem, Nepal had urged Indian government to stop the road construction project. Nepal came up with the issue during the 11th meeting of Nepal-India Joint Border Management Meeting, held in Pokhara on Nepal’s request.

According to the kathmandupost.com report, Nepal suggested that many rivers flows from Nepal to India, but this construction could obstruct the flow of these rivers. Responding to Nepal’s need, India Has appointed a committee that will look after the impact of this road construction project. The committee had decided to conduct meetings with border district coordination committee frequently to solve the problem.

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Nepal had asked India to ensure proper drainage system along with proper design of constructing roads. India answered by saying that they had put a sufficient number of drainage system with proper alignment of roads and are not intended to cause any flood in Nepal.

India-Nepal Joint Bilateral Meeting (Source: wwfindia.org)
India-Nepal Joint Bilateral Meeting. Image Source: wwfindia.org

“We are ready to conduct a joint investigation of the sites whenever Nepal proposes,” said a senior official from the Indian government to the Washington Post.
Many other issues were discussed during the meeting like Terrorism, illegal activities of armed groups, illegal trafficking of women and children and exchange of counterfeit currency.

– This report is compiled by a Staff-writer at NewsGram.

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Are Women Better Drivers Than Men? Read This Article to Know More

Women can actually be better, safe drivers than men

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women driving
It is a common myth that women are not good at driving. Pixabay

Busting a common myth that women are bad at wheels, researchers now say that male drivers are more dangerous on the road and are also more likely to drive more dangerous types of vehicles.

Women may actually be better and safer drivers than men, they added.

The findings, published in the journal The BMJ, prompt the researchers to suggest that greater gender equity in road transport jobs, overall, might help lessen these risks.

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“We suggest policy-makers consider policies to increase gender balance in occupations that substantially involve driving, given the greater likelihood that other road users will be killed if men rather than women are driving or riding,” the researchers wrote.

women driving
Women may actually be better and safer drivers than men, said researchers. Pixabay

For the findings, researchers at University of Westminster drew on four sets of official data for England for the period 2005-15: police injury statistics, Road Traffic Statistics, National Travel Survey data and Office for National Statistics population/gender figures.

They used the data to analyse the risks posed to other road users from bicycles, cars and taxis, vans, buses, lorries and motorbikes per billion vehicle kilometres travelled, and categorised by road type–major and minor roads in urban and rural areas–and gender.

In terms of absolute numbers, cars and taxis were associated with most (two-thirds) of fatalities to other road users.

But a comparison of fatalities per distance travelled shows that other vehicles might be even more dangerous.

According to the researchers, lorries were associated with one in six deaths to other road users: each km driven was associated with more than five times the number of such deaths than each km driven in a car. There was a similarly high death toll for buses per km driven.

women driving
Men drive in a harsher manner than women. Pixabay

Despite their small size, motorbikes also put other road users at high risk. In urban areas, most of those deaths–173 over the entire study period–were pedestrians.

Analysis of the data by gender showed that men posed a significantly higher risk to other road users for five of the six-vehicle types studied.

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For cars and vans, the risk posed by male drivers was double that posed by women per km driven, rising to four times higher for lorry drivers, and more than 10 times higher for motorbike riders.

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In a linked podcast, the researchers pointed out that driving jobs tend to be male-dominated, citing the high death toll to other road users associated with lorries, 95 per cent of which are driven by men.

While lorries, in general, are dangerous vehicles, male lorry drivers pose a particularly high risk compared to female lorry drivers, she adds. (IANS)

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Know About how Counties in South Sudan Battle Starvation and Floods

Starvation Stalks Counties in South Sudan Cut Off by Floods, Insecurity

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South Sudan Starving
A woman struggles to roast sorghum for food at Naipuru camp for internal displaced persons in Jebel Boma County, South Sudan. VOA

By John Tanza

In many homes around Jebel Boma County, dinner consists of bitter-tasting leaves that can be picked off the bushes outside. The leaves are neither filling nor nutritious, but in South Sudan’s Jebel Boma and Pochalla counties, there’s not much else to eat.

Through a combination of ruinous floods, a lack of decent roads and widespread insecurity, the two counties in the Upper Nile region, near the border with Ethiopia, have been effectively cut off from the rest of South Sudan and a reliable food supply.

This reporter visited the area during the last week of December and witnessed thousands of families who have no food and are surviving mainly on leaves or seeds distributed by aid agencies.

The governor of Boma state, David Yau Yau, told VOA’s South Sudan In Focus that he has been waiting to meet President Salva Kiir to discuss the dire humanitarian conditions in Boma state. Yau Yau says aid agencies should intervene to save lives of families who are starving.

South Sudan Starving
A hungry baby and her mother at Niapuru camp for internal displaced persons in Jebel Boma County, South Sudan. VOA

‘’We knew the people are going to starve unless there are serious humanitarian interventions. We are opening our mouths more louder to be heard so that something is done for the people of Boma state. Otherwise, this looming starvation is imminent,” Yau Yau said during an interview in Juba.

The commissioner of Jebel Boma says if aid agencies wait too long to intervene, some people will die. Longony Alston says the floods that hit the area in September washed away crops and destroyed food storage for local farmers, exposing 58,000 families to starvation.

‘’All these 58,000 are suffering. In fact, some of the people went to Ethiopia during clashes [in 2013] and some of them came back [and] are facing this hunger in Jebel Boma,” he said.

Food Insecurity

South Sudan counties
Pochalla county lawmaker Munira Abdalwab, right, chats with residents of Pochalla town, South Sudan. VOA

The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) released in September 2019 estimated 5.35 million people in South Sudan — more than half the population — are in a state of food insecurity.

The situation has been bad since the start of South Sudan’s civil war in December 2013. Fighting has died down since a September 2018 peace agreement but not stopped.

Kiir’s envoy to Boma state, Akot Lual Arech, said the situation in several parts of the state is exacerbated by intercommunal violence that prevents the aid agencies from delivering services.

‘’There [are] no roads in the area and accessibility is very difficult. The problem is not only in Kachipo and Jie areas. If you go to Maban or Nasir, you will feel bad. It is because of the war that is taking place now. War and development cannot go together,” he said.

Arech says aid agencies have abandoned several villages in Boma state. “They see the window that we are fighting each other. So they don’t really, they don’t care. They will do whatever they desire to do,” he said.

The local chiefs and residents of Jebel Boma County say it is the government of South Sudan that has forgotten them. Nakou Lokine, a traditional chief in Naoyapuru village, said there is no health center in his village.

“We have no hospital here in Boma and when someone gets sick here in Boma, then we have to wait until a plane comes from Juba. Then the patient is taken to Juba. You can even see the children with your eyes; they are really suffering from sickness,” he said through an interpreter.

Residents of Pachalla County on the border with Ethiopia are also experiencing serious food insecurity. This reporter visited Pochalla county headquarters in December and saw deserted residential areas.

South Sudan counties
Families collecting wild bitter leaves for food in Boma County, South Sudan. VOA

Munira Abdalwab, the member of parliament representing Pochalla in the transitional national assembly in Juba, said there is a lack of government services in search of clean drinking water, health services, education and security, in addition to food.

Traders in both Pochalla and Boma County have run out of stock in their shops because of poor conditions on roads connecting the two counties with Ethiopia and Juba.

Patrick Ochum Gilo was once a successful businessman in Pochalla. He says the exchange rate of a dollar to South Sudan pounds shot up, and that prevented him from importing goods from Ethiopia.

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‘’I used to bring [import] everything. I had soap, sugar and other basic commodities. I also run a restaurant that had all kinds of food. The problem started when U.S. dollar became scarce and we have to buy goods from Ethiopia, and the cost of transportation from Gambella [Ethiopia] is very high.’’

The scarcity is now affecting Boma National Park, a protected area in eastern South Sudan near the Ethiopian border. Armed civilians and military personnel in Boma and Pochalla depend on game meat from the park for food. Alston says he has found it difficult to arrest poachers, because there is no food in the markets and none has come from the World Food Program or other agencies. (VOA)

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Here’s how Climate Change Has Affected Livelihood in Africa

Inescapable Effects of Climate Change Jeopardize Livelihoods Across East Africa

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Africa Climate crisis
People cross a bridge broken by heavy rains that caused landslides, in the village of Sebit, West Pokot County, Kenya, Africa. VOA

By Rael Ombuor

As the Earth heats up, weather and climate patterns are changing dramatically around the globe. Africa felt the effects of those changes in 2019, experiencing cyclones, droughts and unstoppable rains that jeopardized livelihoods.

Sixty-two-year-old David Kemboi sorts out dry maize stalks on his 21-hectare farm in Kenya’s Trans Nzoia County.

He turns the stalks of what could have been a bountiful harvest into silage — for feeding his 15 herd of cattle.

He said the heavy rains that have rocked different parts of Eastern Africa cause the crops to fail.

“At the time of growing crops we expected optimum yields, we had invested heavily on all the crops that we grew, but unfortunately, we were not able to get a good harvest out of all that, which means a lot of money was just thrown to the dogs.  We didn’t get anything out of that and we do not expect to get anything elsewhere other than from this land because we depend on rain-fed agriculture,” he said.

Trans Nzoia county where Kemboi settled after retirement in 2017 is known for growing predominantly maize, Kenya’s staple food.

Apart from the excessive rain, farmers in the area have faced pests and disease challenges.

“Every time we go to harvest the maize, there is rain and when it gets wet, it gets spoiled very quickly. That one has had adverse effects in growing of maize and also in beans. Beans, the first crop we didn’t have any harvest at all. It all went bad because of these heavy rains,” said Kemboi.

Widespread flooding

Millions of people have been displaced as a result of widespread flooding this year across large parts of Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan and Ethiopia.

The floods have led to hundreds of deaths. In November, South Sudan declared a state of emergency in 27 affected areas with close to a million people affected.

The Kenya Meteorological Department attributes the rains to an irregularity known as Indian Ocean dipole, an oscillation of surface temperature of the sea, which brings weather extremes to countries neighboring the Indian Ocean.

Benard Chanzu is the deputy director of Kenya’s Meteorological services.  He said nearly all of Kenya has received above-average rainfall this year.

KENYA-WEATHER-Africa
People stand on debris blocking a highway after River Muruny burst its bank following heavy rains in Parua village, about 85 km northeast of Kitale, in West Pokot county, western Kenya, Africa. VOA

“In some stations, I can quote like Meru stations, we have seen records which are showing that what has been received is more than 200 percent of the long term average, that is what is usually received in the area,” said Chanzu.

More extreme weather ahead

With levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere climbing to new highs, Dr. John Recha, a scientist specializing in climate and agriculture research, said Africans can expect more extremes in years to come.

“We will therefore have more effects of climate change affecting the weather patterns specifically the rainfall patterns, climate change will be more intense and therefore the climate variability that is having these extreme events of the droughts and the floods will be more frequent and more intense going into the future,” he said.

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The solution for Kemboi and other farmers, according to experts like Recha, lies on adapting to climate change.

That, he said, would require help from government and agencies to implement new agricultural practices such as alternative irrigation methods and efficient water storage for farmers. (VOA)