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FSSAI demands increase in surveillance activities with major focus on packaged products

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

New Delhi: In a series of efforts to ensure alertness about the pressing problem of food adulteration, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), has asked all food safety commissioners to “increase surveillance activities” with a special focus on milk, packaged drinking water and edible oils, an official source said, “State food departments have been asked to be more vigilant and to increase surveillance activities, especially on milk, water and edible oil. Serious violations of labeling requirements have been observed,” an official said to a national daily.

Food commissioners all over the country have been directed to collect more samples of the aforementioned products, so that they could be sent for detailed testing.In addition to the order on the countrywide recall and withdrawal of all nine variants of Nestle’s Maggi instant noodles on finding added monosodium glutamate (MSG) and excess of lead than the prescribed limit, letters were also sent to companies like Kellogg’s and Heinz, asking them to explain labeling etc.

In its recent meeting, the FSSAI’s main concern was that companies are not following the standards and labeling requirements as per law, and consumers are being misled about these products through their packaging and endorsement, suggest sources. FSSAI has directed food inspectors to keep a close watch on products that are consumed in “large quantities” by large segments of the population, in an effort to encourage states to create  ‘consumer awareness.’

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Why Exercise on Empty Stomach May be Better for Your Health

This is the first study to show that feeding prior to acute exercise affects post-exercise adipose tissue gene expression

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The study analysed effects of eating versus fasting on gene expression in adipose (fat) tissue in response to exercise. Pixabay

If you have been wondering whether it is better to eat or fast before a workout, researchers now have an answer. A new study has found that exercise on empty stomach is better for your health in the long term.

The study analysed effects of eating versus fasting on gene expression in adipose (fat) tissue in response to exercise.

After eating, adipose tissue “is busy responding to the meal and a bout of exercise at this time will not stimulate the same (beneficial) changes in adipose tissue”, explained corresponding author of the study Dylan Thompson from University of Bath in Britain.

“This means that exercise in a fasted state might provoke more favourable changes in adipose tissue, and this could be beneficial for health in the long term,” Thompson added.

“We propose that feeding is likely to blunt long-term adipose tissue adaptation to regular exercise,” the researchers noted in the study published in the American Journal of Physiology — Endocrinology and Metabolism.

The study participants were a group of overweight males who walked for 60 minutes at 60 per cent maximum oxygen consumption on an empty stomach and, on another occasion, two hours after consuming a high-calorie carbohydrate-rich breakfast.

The research team took multiple blood samples after eating or fasting and after exercising.

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Representational image. Pixabay

The researchers also collected fat tissue samples immediately before and one hour after walking.

Gene expression in the adipose tissue differed significantly in the two trials.

The expression of two genes, PDK4 and HSL, increased when the men fasted and exercised and decreased when they ate before exercising.

The rise in PDK4 likely indicates that stored fat was used to fuel metabolism during exercise instead of carbohydrates from the recent meal.

Also Read: Even Light Exercises Have Health Benefits

HSL typically increases when adipose tissue uses stored energy to support increased activity, such as during exercise, Thompson said.

These results reinforce the view that “adipose tissue often faces competing challenges,” Thompson wrote.

“This is the first study to show that feeding prior to acute exercise affects post-exercise adipose tissue gene expression,” the study said. (Bollywood Country)

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