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BERLIN, Jan 20, 2017: Germany’s lower house of parliament on Thursday passed a law that legalizes the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes for people who are chronically ill.
Those suffering from serious illnesses such as multiple sclerosis and chronic pain or a lack of appetite or nausea could be offered marijuana under the law.
The draft law says patients will only have the right to be treated with cannabis “in very limited exceptional cases” and patients will not be allowed to grow their own cannabis.
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“Those who are severely ill need to get the best possible treatment and that includes health insurance funds paying for cannabis as a medicine for those who are chronically ill if they can’t be effectively treated any other way,” said Health Minister Hermann Groehe.
A Health Ministry spokeswoman said cannabis would only be used as a last resort when nothing else seemed to work. She said a scientific study would simultaneously be carried out to assess the effects of cannabis use in such cases.
Until now patients had only been able to get access to cannabis for medicinal purposes with special authorization which had made it complicated, but now they will be able to get a prescription from their doctors and a refund for it from their health insurance fund, she said.
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She said the law was likely to take effect in March after a procedural reading by the upper house of parliament.
State-supervised cannabis plantations will be set up in Germany in future and until then cannabis will be imported. Other countries that allow cannabis to be used for medical purposes include Italy and the Czech Republic. (VOA)
Those wishing to practice medicine in the nation must first take the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). Candidates who pass the NEET exam have a better chance of getting into India's medical and dentistry institutions. When taking the NEET examination, it is critical for applicants to put their best foot forward. Follow the ideas below on how to prepare for NEET 2022 to assist students in their NEET preparation. The purpose of this guide is to provide applicants with crucial and efficient concepts and techniques for passing the forthcoming NEET examination. Don't forget to refer to NEET Subject and Chapter Wise Weightage, to have a clarity-driven NEET preparation.
Tips to Effectively Prepare for the NEET Exam
- Comprehend the challenging concepts: Mark out the topics in each chapter that you find challenging during studying. Spend extra time reviewing these topics and answering questions based on them. In the last days leading up to the exam, write down complicated formulas and read them over and over again for better retention and memorization.
- Make your own study styles: We all study in different ways. Some students prefer to learn using pictures and flowcharts, while others try to apply principles to real-life situations. To pass the NEET examination, choose whatever method works best for you. Here are a few techniques that we believe are really effective.
a) Create mnemonics to help you remember challenging topics and themes like organism categorization, scientific names for animals and plants, and so on.
For example, the Krebs cycle (citric acid cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle) should be remembered in the following way- Citrate - Aconitate - Isocitrate - Oxalosuccinate - a-Ketoglutarate - Succinate - Fumarate - Malate - Oxaloacetate
For better retention, make catchy phrases that are easy to recall. Here are two popular phrases for remembering Kerb's Cycle.
With the help of this sentence- 'Caesar's Armies Invaded Other Kingdoms Searching For Many Oranges', you can immediately recall- 'Citric Acid Is One Key Substrate For Mitochondrial Oxidation. This strategy of learning will help you memorize and retain concepts in a fun way and will help you fetch more marks in the NEET exam.
Reduce the number of unnecessary distractions in your lifeUnsplash
b) Make mind maps of the chapter you just finished reading, trying to include as many details as possible. This will assist you in putting together a study plan.
- Concentrate on the NCERT curriculum: The NEET exam follows the NCERT curriculum and it features well-researched information, and they are used to answer a significant number of exam questions. Keep track of the paper pattern and the weighting of each chapter in your textbook to ensure that you've studied all of the key points.
- Practice with sample exams and question papers from past years: Examiners have been recognized to maintain a consistent degree of difficulty over the years of the NEET examination. Attempting questions from past years can give you an idea of what to predict for the exam and how well you could score. Mock tests are created at a little higher level than real tests. During the few days before the exam, use these to enhance your time management abilities.
- Examine your errors and get answers to your doubtful questions: Taking practice tests isn't enough, you must go back and identify where you went wrong, and either use reference books or your lecturers to explain those concepts. This will assist you in progressing and preventing you from repeating the same blunders.
- Reduce the number of unnecessary distractions in your life: In the days leading up to the exam, time management is crucial. Pick a stress-relieving activity and stay with it for the next several days. This will assist you in saying no to unnecessary contacts with peers and family, as well as any other types of amusement (Movies, Social Media, TV shows, etc.).
- Eat well and get adequate rest: You don't want to squander years of preparation by becoming unwell on exam day. Make sure you eat nutritious, home-cooked meals. Sleep is also essential because it allows your brain to rest. You will feel rejuvenated and perform better after a restful night's sleep.
What should you do if you're taking an exam?
- Start with your most difficult subject: This is advantageous from a strategic standpoint. You will gain confidence in yourself when you come to the more difficult questions if you start with your stronger topic. You will be more calm and patient when the going gets tough since you will know you did well in a certain portion of the NEET syllabus.
- Don't attempt it if you don't know the answer: If you don't know the answer to a question, go on to the next one to prevent losing marks unnecessarily. By not attempting to guess, you will save time. Furthermore, NEET carries a negative marking scheme and you will lose marks if your guessed answer is wrong.
- Maintain your composure during the exam: When you don't know the answer to a question during the exam, be cool and take a deep breath. Consider all of your preparation and all of the times you've excelled in tests, and convince yourself that today will be no different.
In conclusion, the NEET exam can be cleared if you make the NEET preparation simpler for you. There is no hidden secret to clear any competitive exam, all it takes to clear NEET is to start implementing everything that will help you clear the exam and stop doing things that will prevent you from acing the exam. Consistency and hard work are your best friends that will help you clear the exam. Believe in yourself and find your reason behind appearing in the NEET exam.
Follow these guidelines in the days leading up to the exam and until you exit the examination venue, don't lose hope; be confident in your capabilities and your preparation for the NEET exam. The efficiency of your learning process is determined by your mindset. It will not help you learn if you have a bad attitude and if you are constantly telling yourself that you can't do it. A pessimistic attitude will make things more difficult and when you begin to think positively, your brain will become more creative. You'll feel less nervous and more receptive to new ideas if you have the appropriate mentality. All the best to all the NEET exam candidates!
Keywords : NEET, examinations, preparation, study, students, India.
Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens the bones, making them less dense and increasing the chances of a fracture. Since there are no specific symptoms related to osteoporosis, people often fail to recognise the onset of the disease unless tested for it, or unfortunately, after breaking a bone.
For people suffering from osteoporosis, yoga can be an effective addition to their treatment plan. The ancient sacred practice slowly builds strength, stability, agility and flexibility in the body which helps to ease the symptoms, lower the risk of complications and improve bone health. A study conducted in 2009 found out that when yoga is done consistently and diligently, it can increase bone strength.
Dr. Rajeev Rajesh, Chief yoga Officer, Jindal Naturecure Institute shares six yoga poses to be practiced for osteoporosis:
Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward Dog Pose)
How to do:
Start on all fours to form a table-like structure.
Lift the hips, straighten the knees and elbows.
Make sure that the hands are in line with the shoulders and feet are in line with the hips.
While forming a V structure, press the hands on the mat and lengthen the neck.
Hold this position for at least 30 seconds and release gently.
Benefits: Apart from strengthening the core, this asana also strengthens the bones, improves blood flow and body posture, stretches the back and makes the arms stronger.
Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward Dog Pose)Photo by Pixahive
Veerbhadrasana 1 (Warrior Pose)
How to do:
Stand straight with both feet together and arms by the side.
By keeping the right foot flat on the mat, lunge with the left leg.
Stretch the arms straight above the head.
Hold this position for a few seconds, release gently and repeat on the other side.
Benefits: This asana regulates the adrenal glands responsible for providing the body with adequate amounts of estrogen and androgen for healthy bones. It is also effective in increasing the strength of the spine, shoulders, arms, knees and elbows.
Veerbhadrasana 1 (Warrior Pose)Photo by Pixahive
Vrikshasana (Tree Pose)
How to do:
Stand erect with the arms by the side of the body.
Bend the right knee slightly and place the right foot high up on the left leg.
Ensure that the legs are erect, inhale gently and raise the arms above the head into the Namaskar mudra.
Keep the spine straight and hold the position for 30 seconds.
Come back to the original position gently and repeat with the other leg.
Benefits: This pose improves poise and balance. This asana is also effective in toning the leg muscles while making the tendons and ligaments of the feet stronger.
Vrikshasana (Tree Pose)Photo by Pixahive
Utkatasana (Chair Pose)
How to do:
Stand with feet hip-width apart.
Raise the arms above the head in Namaskar mudra.
Bend the knees slightly, just like sitting in a chair so that the hips remain at a 45-degree angle.
While breathing, consistently hold the pose for a minute.
Release gently and repeat.
Benefits: This asana creates stability and strength in the shoulder joints. Apart from that, it also helps to strengthen the gluteus and quads.
Utkatasana (Chair Pose)Photo by Wikimedia Commons
Setubandhasana (Bridge Pose)
How to do: Lie on the back and keep the arms by the side. Bend the knees so that the feet are firmly pressed on the ground. With the strength of the arms, push the pelvis off the floor. Make sure that the neck and back lie flat on the ground. Stay in this position for 30 seconds before releasing gently. Benefits: The asana can be therapeutic for people suffering from osteoporosis. It is beneficial in the strengthening of the hips, spine, and thighs.
Setubandhasana (Bridge Pose)Photo by Pixahive
Santolanasana (Plank Pose)
How to do:
Lie on the stomach.
Bring the hands towards the shoulders by keeping the palms on the ground.
Now gently push up the body to form a straight line.
The arms must be perpendicular to the ground and the body must be parallel to the ground.
Hold the pose and come back to the original position.
Benefits: It strengthens the shoulders, arms and wrists. It is also good for the spine muscles and improves posture. (IANS/JB)
Santolanasana (Plank Pose)Photo by Pixahive
Keywords: Yoga, Health, Fitness, Osteoporosis, Cure, Exercise.
By- Monika Rao
International Mathematical Olympiads' (IMO) are conducted annually. Olympiad exams are competitive exams that are conducted by various organizations all across India plus abroad. These examinations are conducted on the basis of the school curriculum of ICSE, CBSE, and some other major state boards. These exams help the students understand where their performance stands with their peers across the country. The paper pattern for this exam is that they are all objective-type with multiple-choice questions.
Maths Olympiad focuses on concept-based learning and logical thinking. Attending these exams enhances the abilities of the students which will prove to be an important tool to face the future competition coming into their lives. These exams evaluate conceptual learning and strengthen the reasoning, analytical and problem-solving skills of a student. This in return prepares the students to stay strong with the upcoming challenges yet to come.
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Independent private organizations are present that conduct the Olympiad exams as well, for example SOF, CREST Olympiads, Unicus Olympiads, Educative Initiatives, Indian Talent Olympiad, Humming Bird Education, Eduheal Foundation, Silver Zone Foundation, and Unified Council.
This article talks about the syllabus of the IMO exam for class 10. Use IMO Class 10 2014 Question Paper to get a clear idea about the exam.
- Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning
Verbal and non-verbal reasoning is the frequently asked logical reasoning question. The verbal reasoning aims to test the candidates' aptitude and command over English grammar along with analytical thinking skills. The concepts in verbal reasoning include analogy, classification, coding-decoding, blood relation, the Venn diagram, clocks, calendar, direction and distance, input-output, puzzle, decision making, etc. Non-verbal reasoning tests for analytical thinking too and the concepts in this topic include analogy, classification, image and figure counting, series, cube and dice, and more.
- Real Numbers
Real numbers are a set of numbers that include rational numbers as well as irrational numbers whereas imaginary numbers are a set of numbers that include numbers that aren't real. For example, the root of -2 is imaginary because the number under root would be positive if it were real. In this type of question, a certain equation or expression with a bunch of variables is provided from which one is expected to arrive at the solution and choose one of the options.
A polynomial is an expression that contains over two algebraic terms. Questions of this include if 𝞪, 𝛃 are the zeros of the quadratic polynomial, then the value of some expression involving 𝞪, 𝛃 must be found out. Or the questions where there is a condition, an equation, and roots are denoted by a and b, one needs to find out the value of the unknown variable.
- Pair of linear equations in two variables
Linear equations in two variables can be described as equations that are expressed in the format of ax+by+c=0. It covers word problems where two equations are to be deciphered from the given sentences and is meant to be solved to reach the answer. Time, distance, place values, ratios, direct equations and more are some of the topics where they frame questions on.
Olympiad exams are competitive exams that are conducted by various organizations all across India plus abroad.Unsplash
- Quadratic equations
Quadratic equation is an algebraic expression which is of second degree. The general format of a quadratic equation is ax^2 + bx + c = 0. Finding discriminant from the given equation or finding roots when both are equal and there's another variable k, one must find out the solution. Another type of question asked is where they give a quadratic equation and ask you to find out the value of an expression which is written in terms of the roots.
- Arithmetic progression
Belonging to progressions (AP, GP, HP), arithmetic progression is a sequence of numbers in which the numbers differ from the preceding one by some constant quantity. In this type of equation, some information is provided about first term, last term, x term or sum, and one must find out the yth term.
- Triangles, circles, constructions, areas related to circles
These kind of problems provide a figure where some information is provided either about the angles, congruency, similarity, etc and may ask for cross product, angle of unknown intersection, etc.
- Coordinate Geometry
Coordinate geometry is the branch of geometry which is also called the cartesian geometry. Different shapes like parallelograms, squares, rectangles or even trapeziums are present which are taken in some order which can be visualized if draw on paper. The question asks one to find the missing value or ratios.
- Introduction to trigonometry, some applications of trigonometry
Trigonometry handles specific functions of angles and their applications. There's wide variety of possible problems that use a load of equations but a few tips that can help you to get better at trigonometry is to begin with the complex side of the equation. To make things easier, try to convert the other terms (tan, cosec, cot, sec) in terms of sine and cosine. Try to combine terms into simpler forms and solve it step by step. But if this procedure is going to be way too time-taking, substitute values instead for the question and answer options. The one that matches is the answer.
- Surface areas and volumes, areas related to circles
Radius, diameter and a bunch of other information is provided from which a given task/value needs to be executed and find out the result.
- Statistics and Probability
Statistics deals with analyzing numerical data in large quantities and IMO asks questions on these often. Probability on the other hand is the extent to which an event may occur, it can be described in terms of ratio or percentage of the favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible. The questions asked in statistics are mostly based on mean, median and mode. For probability, a deck of card questions (ex: one card is drawn from a well-shuffled deck of cards, What is the probability that the card drawn is king) and drawing balls/ marbles are asked often.
Solve previous year papers, the workbooks and good luck for your next IMO.
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