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Goa government to ban plastic items from offices

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Panaji: Plastic cups and other plastic cutlery will soon be banned from Goa government offices and programmes conducted by the state government.

‘A circular to the effect will be issued later this week’, a senior government official said and added  that the Chief Minister Laxmikant  Parsekar had given his consent to the move at a meeting of the Goa State Environment Protection Council called on Monday at the Raj Bhavan.

Goa Governor Mridula Sinha is the chairperson of the council.

“The governor during the meeting had suggested that the eco-friendly move would help drive home the message of cutting down on the use of plastic, as far as government employees are concerned.

“The Chief Minister has accepted the suggestion and assured the Governor that a formal circular to the effect would be issed this week,” said the official, who was present at the meeting.

“To begin with, plastic cups, spoons and other forms of cutlery will be banned from use. More and more plastic and environment-unfriendly items will be added to the ban-list,” the official said.

(IANS)

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Prenatal Exposure to Plastic Chemical may Reduce Cognitive Skills

As the mPFC is crucial for high-level cognitive functions, reduced cognitive flexibility is observed in developmental disorders such as autism

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The findings are important as humans may be regularly exposed to a variety of phthalates, which are endocrine-disrupting chemicals
The findings are important as humans may be regularly exposed to a variety of phthalates, which are endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Pixabay

Prenatal or early exposure of your kids to a plastic chemical may harm brain development as well as reduce cognitive function, a study says.

Phthalates — chemicals that belong to the same class as Bisphenol A (BPA) and used in food packaging and processing materials — can potentially interfere with hormones important for the developing brain.

The study by researchers including Janice Juraska, from the University of Illinois in the US, showed that rats’ prenatal and early exposure to phthalates was associated with smaller medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) — brain region responsible for deep and dreamless sleep.

They also performed poorly on an attention-switching task than those not exposed to the chemicals early in life.

As the mPFC is crucial for high-level cognitive functions, reduced cognitive flexibility is observed in developmental disorders such as autism
As the mPFC is crucial for high-level cognitive functions, reduced cognitive flexibility is observed in developmental disorders such as autism. Pixabay

The findings, published in Journal of Neuroscience, showed that perinatal phthalate exposure resulted in a reduction in neuron number, synapse number, size of the mPFC and a deficit in cognitive flexibility for both male and female adult offspring of these rats.

As the mPFC is crucial for high-level cognitive functions, reduced cognitive flexibility is observed in developmental disorders such as autism.

Also Read: thyroid Dysfunction May Lead to Diabetes During Pregnancy

The results show that perinatal phthalate exposure can have long-term effects on the cortex and behaviour of both male and female rats.

The findings are important as humans may be regularly exposed to a variety of phthalates, which are endocrine-disrupting chemicals, the researchers warned. (IANS)

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