Thursday February 21, 2019

Gobal Care Crisis Rises Along With Growing Population

The report finds the majority of care globally is done by unpaid caregivers

0
//
An elderly Chinese woman accompanied by her caregiver walks down a tree lined lane in Changchun in northeastern China's Jilin province, Aug. 27, 2010.
An elderly Chinese woman accompanied by her caregiver walks down a tree lined lane in Changchun in northeastern China's Jilin province, Aug. 27, 2010. VOA

The International Labor Organization (ILO) says urgent action is needed to avert a global crisis as the number of people, including children and elderly, needing care rises, The warning is part of a new ILO report on care work and care jobs unveiled Thursday in Geneva.

The ILO cautions that the global care crisis will become a reality in coming years without a doubling of investment. Authors of the report say $5.5 trillion was spent in 2015 on education, health and social work. They say that amount must be increased to $18.4 trillion by 2030 to prevent the care system from falling apart.

The report finds the majority of care globally is done by unpaid caregivers, mostly women and girls, and that it is a major barrier preventing women from getting paid jobs. It says this reality not only hampers their economic opportunities, but stifles development prospects.

Lead author Laura Addati tells VOA 606 million women, compared to 41 million men, are unable to get paid employment because they have to care for a family member.

“This pool of participants who are lost to the labor force could be activated, … [put in] jobs that could benefit society. A part of these jobs could be career [caregiver] jobs, so as we well pointed out, there could be basically an activation process to sort of replace some of those jobs, so making those who were unpaid, paid care workers,” she said.

A deaf-blind woman (R) is led by a caregiver at Santa Angela de la Cruz Center in Salteras, near Seville, Spain, June 6, 2011.
A deaf-blind woman (R) is led by a caregiver at Santa Angela de la Cruz Center in Salteras, near Seville, Spain, June 6, 2011. VOA

Addati says more people nowadays are part of nuclear families, eroding the concept of extended households, which used to play an important role in caring for family members. She says that is increasing the demand for more caregivers in smaller households.

The report finds that more than 380 million people globally are care workers. It says two-thirds are women. In Europe, the Americas and Central Asia, three-quarters of all care workers are women. The report notes long-term care services are practically non-existent in most African, Latin American and Asian countries.

Also read: International Migrants Day & global migrant crisis

The ILO says about 269 million jobs could be created if investment in education, health and social work were doubled by 2030, easing the global care crisis. (VOA)

Next Story

Population of Sri Lanka Likely to Reach 25mn by 2042

In addition, he remarked that inward migration would also significantly increase as Sri Lanka was seeing the construction of some mega development projects such as Colombo Port City which would attract large crowds

0
Sri Lanka to convert garbage dumps into urban parks
This is a Sri Lankan flag. Sri Lanka to convert garbage dumps into urban parks. wikimedia commons

Sri Lanka’s 21 million population is likely to increase to 25 million by 2042, driven by a significant rise in fertility rates and anticipated inward migration, the media reported on Monday.

W. Indralal De Silva, leading demographer and University of Colombo emeritus professor of demography, said that the country’s population was projected to increase to 25 million by 2042 and will reach 26 million by the 2060’s mainly due to a significant upturn in the fertility rates, Xinhua news agency reported.

Sri Lanka will thus have to face higher demand for housing, health, food, education, energy, water, transportation and infrastructure in the near future, De Silva said.

Buddhist monks walk down a road asking for alms during the annual Vesak festival, in Colombo, Sri Lanka, May 11, 2017. VOA

“Along with the fertility increase, child population will increase from 5.1 million in 2012 to 5.3 million by 2017, and for the subsequent 10 to 20 years it would remain fairly static,” he said.

De Silva also said the increase in younger population would generate pressure on the government and the labour force.

Also Read- Facebook to Unveil Transparency Tools For Electoral Ads in India

In addition, he remarked that inward migration would also significantly increase as Sri Lanka was seeing the construction of some mega development projects such as Colombo Port City which would attract large crowds. (IANS)