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Google Displays Colourful Doodle to Mark 70th R-Day

Observances last for four days, coming to a conclusion on January 29 with the Beating Retreat ceremony, featuring the bands of the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force

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Google on Saturday dedicated a colourful doodle marking the 70th Republic Day of India.
It recreated the celebrations depicting the iconic Republic Day Parade, representing various components of the country’s rich heritage, culture and history: environment, architecture, textiles, wildlife, monuments, and farming.
Designed by guest artist Reshidev RK, the doodle shows the sprawling Rashtrapati Bhawan in the backdrop of what appears to be a tableaux from various parts of the country.
There is the Qutab Minar, a peacock, the national bird, plentiful fields, farms and crop motifs depicting the nation’s overall agricultural base.
Republic Day in India, Wikimedia
An elephant-like structure rides the peacock tableaux. The doodle aptly depicts the famous parade floats that decorate the cities on the day throughout the nation — each representing a different component of India’s history: environment, architecture, textiles, wildlife, monuments, and farming.
January 26 marks the Purna Swaraj Day when the Constitution of India came into force in 1950, though it was adopted in 1949, the Google blog accompanying the doodle said.
On January 26, 1930, the Indian National Congress issued a bold resolution declaring complete freedom from the British Raj. From that point, it was only a matter of time before Independence Day, followed by full sovereignty.
Republic day
Glimpse of Republic Day’s parade.
Celebrations take place all across the nation, with the epicenter in the capital city of Delhi, where a parade runs along Rajpath near the President’s residence.
The tradition dates back to the morning of January 26, 1950, when thousands gathered to watch a simple yet grand ceremony at the Durbar Hall where the first President Dr Rajendra Prasad was sworn in.
Observances last for four days, coming to a conclusion on January 29 with the Beating Retreat ceremony, featuring the bands of the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force. (IANS)

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EU Fines Google $1.7 bn for Unfair Online Ad Rules

This meant that publishers were prohibited from placing any search adverts from competitors on their search results pages

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The Google name is displayed outside the company's office in London, Britain. VOA

The European Union’s antitrust regulators on Wednesday fined Google 1.49 billion euros ($1.7 billion) for abusing its dominance in the online search market by blocking rivals.

Google has abused its market dominance by imposing a number of restrictive clauses in contracts with third-party websites which prevented Google’s rivals from placing their search adverts on these websites, the European Commission (EC) said in a statement.

“Today the Commission has fined Google 1.49 billion euros for illegal misuse of its dominant position in the market for the brokering of online search adverts,” EC Commissioner Margrethe Vestager said.

It is the third EU fine for Google in just two years.

“Google has cemented its dominance in online search adverts and shielded itself from competitive pressure by imposing anti-competitive contractual restrictions on third-party websites. This is illegal under EU antitrust rules,” Vestager said.

The Commission said the fine which is equivalent to 1.29 per cent of Google’s turnover in 2018 takes account of the duration and gravity of the infringement.

“The misconduct lasted over 10 years and denied other companies the possibility to compete on the merits and to innovate – and consumers the benefits of competition,” Vestager said.

Websites such as newspaper websites, blogs or travel sites aggregators often have a search function embedded.

google Politicals ads
Google CEO Sundar Pichai speaks at the Google I/O conference in Mountain View, California.

When a user searches using this search function, the website delivers both search results and search adverts, which appear alongside the search result.

Through AdSense for Search, Google provides these search adverts to owners of “publisher” websites.

Google is an intermediary, like an advertising broker, between advertisers and website owners that want to profit from the space around their search results pages.

Therefore, AdSense for Search works as an online search advertising intermediation platform.

Also Read- Samsung to Launch its First 5G Smartphone in Market in April

Google was by far the strongest player in online search advertising intermediation in the European Economic Area (EEA), with a market share above 70 per cent from 2006 to 2016.

Google’s provision of online search advertising intermediation services to the most commercially important publishers took place via agreements that were individually negotiated.

The Commission reviewed hundreds of such agreements in the course of its investigation and found that starting in 2006, Google included exclusivity clauses in its contracts.

This meant that publishers were prohibited from placing any search adverts from competitors on their search results pages, the European Commission said. (IANS)