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Gurdaspur terror attack casts a shadow on India-Pak peace talks

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By Aishwarya Nag Choudhury

Analysis of data from two GPS sets recovered from the Punjab attackers show two routes that the terrorists might have taken. Both originate from Pakistan but have different points of entry to India. However, before reaching, both the routes merge to form a single path into Dinanagar.

The technical dilemma that the Border Security Force (BSF) and the National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO) are facing is that which one of the two paths did the assailants really take.

“We are putting together pieces of various intelligence inputs – the terror attack comes from Pakistan,” said an intelligence official. In the aftermath of the Gurdaspur attacks, relations between India and Pakistan are set to suffer strains.

The Prime Ministers of the two countries had met at Ufa, where Modi had warned Sharif about unprovoked actions like cross border terrorism, saying that India would be prepared for a ‘befitting reply’.

However, the two nations continued to pursue their endeavour to maintain cordial ties in the spirit of the Ufa meeting. The attack on Punjab took place at a time when the National Security Advisors of the two countries were to meet, a decision taken at the meeting.

Delhi treaded with caution during the meet, for any evidence of state support to the terrorists may jeopardize its commitment to peace. The NDA government displayed high level of diplomacy not to scuffle the Ufa talks, but both the countries blamed each other for violation of the ceasefire. PM Modi however did not take to any state posture and was keen on improving the perennially difficult relations with Pakistan.

This was the deadliest attack on Punjab since the Khalistani movement. Naturally this incident has increased tensions between the two countries. Home minister Rajnath Singh articulated New Delhi’s dilemma. “I cannot understand why time and again cross-border terror incidents are taking place when we want good relations with our neighbour (Pakistan). I want to tell our neighbour that we want peace but not at the cost of our national pride.”

BCCI Secretary and BJP Leader Anurag Thakur refused to resume bilateral cricketing ties. “When you see attacks on India time and again, the Jammu region and now Punjab where Indians are losing lives… as an Indian I don’t see the possibility to that,” Thakur said to the media.

Modi’s foreign policy has always had the primary aim of removing obstacles from economic growth. His Pakistan policy has remained inconsistent and confusing. However, foreign investors cannot be attracted to a terror-stricken country and perhaps it is time for the Prime Minister to take a stand.

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Pakistan will never accept ring-fencing and as a result it is extremely difficult to combat increased cross-border firing. It also enjoys the important back-up of China, Saudi-Arabia and the Gulf countries. Even the USA also could not do much to contain terrorism despite Pakistan harboring Bin Laden. So what are the choices India is left with? Was the Gurdaspur attack a tactical mistake that Pakistan will be made to pay for? If so, then is violence the only way? How can India make Pakistan pay without going to war?

There has been evidence of state-sponsored terrorism by Pakistan beyond Jammu and Kashmir even in the past. Pakistan was deeply involved in funding Khalistani attackers through the 1980’s before shifting attention to Jammu in the 90’s.

The ideological farce of ‘freedom fighters’ they use in the Kashmir valley no longer stands in Punjab, well within the Indian Territory. It only exposes that Pakistani claims are based on pathological enmity and not on ideology.

“Uninterrupted and uninterruptable dialogue” is the only way to deal with Pakistan according to Rajya Sabha MP Mani Shankar Aiyyar. The Hawks, on the contrary, opine that the government should send cross border raids to inflict damages in terror camps. A third way could be to take strong constitutional measures against Pakistan. This is Modi’s opportunity to assert his leadership and make a strong populist statement instead of dogging soft policies which has let India be the victim of many such attacks in the past.

The Modi Government has an option of downgrading the Pakistani government to a consular level, allowing its embassy only limited diplomatic functionality, at least till Islamabad delivers on the 26/11 Mumbai attacks and other attacks on India.

On the economic field, the Government has an option of using sanctions. Pakistan’s economic position is inferior to that of India. The GDP of the country is barely 11 per cent of India and growing at a rate of 2 per cent compared to India’s 7 per cent. India is involved in international trade worth approximately $700 billion annually. Trade restrictions conditioned on terrorism could be a strong statement for the country. Moreover, India is sensitive about internationalizing its conflict with Pakistan.

In the light of the Kashmir issue, Pakistan calls the ‘bluff’ of plebiscite. However, the 1948 UNSC resolutions make the demand for Pakistan to vacate POK before even the consideration of plebiscite.

In the light of past events, we can gather that the relations between India and Pakistan have never remained stable. Pakistan always competed with India to gain economic, military, and diplomatic parity. There has always remained a permanent phase of low-intensity conflict between the two nations. The Gurdaspur incident seen in a way can be considered as a part of this strategy – plausible deniability while inflicting harm on Indian citizens and soldiers.

The Indian strategy of maintaining peace is somehow mistakenly conceived to be its weakness. The government’s critics say, “India forgets problems and within a week ‘business is back to usual.’”

Is it true that the Indian government lacks the appetite for a sustained battle against terrorism? The Gurdaspur attack calls for the government to take a stand for the protection of its citizens.

PM Modi should spell out the foreign policy of India and the broad strategies he has in mind regarding Pakistan, though he need not talk about covert operations. The whole country awaits to see what stand is taken for the loss of six innocent lives and the protection of more.

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Here’s Why India’s Premium Segment Leader OnePlus is Facing a Real Threat

With new brands entering its territory, OnePlus is looking at some real competition ahead

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OnePlus
Last year was an excellent one for OnePlus. Riding on its OnePlus 7 series, the Chinese smartphone maker led the Indian premium market with 33 per cent market share. Wikimedia Commons

The sudden push by the smartphone makers in the Rs 30,000 and above price segment in India is tantamount to the fact that this segment is the next growth arena and current market leader OnePlus will have to devise new strategies to counter new brands like iQOO 3 5G, Realme X50 Pro 5G and Samsung Galaxy ‘Lite’ series in months to come.

The India premium smartphone market currently contributes just 5 per cent but is growing faster than the overall market – at 30 per cent – and is estimated to grow even faster. “This means that the segment will have multiple brands to grow and co-exist at the same time. OnePlus should see this as an opportunity and look for areas to further differentiate it from its competitors in the Android camp. We believe Rs 30,000 to Rs 45,000 price segment still offer a lot of potential in India,” Tarun Pathak, Associate Director, Counterpoint Research, told IANS.

Chinese smartphone maker Realme has launched its first 5G smartphone ‘X50 Pro 5G’ in India, available in two colours and three variants — Rs 37,999 (6GB+128GB), Rs 39,999 (8GB+128GB) and Rs 44,999 (12GB+256GB). The iQOO 3 5G device is available in three variants — 8GB/128GB with 4G connectivity for Rs 36,990, the 8GB/256GB 4G variant for Rs 39,990 and the 5G-enabled variant of the phone with 12GB/256GB storage at Rs 44,990.

The 6.7-inch Samsung Galaxy S10 Lite with 8GB RAM and 128GB internal memory costs Rs 39,999 while Galaxy Note10 Lite is priced at Rs 38,999 for the 6GB variant and Rs 40,999 for the 8GB variant and both models come with 128GB internal memory. Last year was an excellent one for OnePlus. Riding on its OnePlus 7 series, the Chinese smartphone maker led the Indian premium market with 33 per cent market share. The company became the first-ever premium smartphone brand surpassing 20 lakh shipments in a year in the country.

But with new brands entering its territory, OnePlus is looking at some real competition ahead. Its brand images, however, is its biggest saviour, till now. “In the premium segment, brand plays a key role in helping users decide about the purchase. iQOO has no great legacy to showcase and it will have to prove its mettle which will take time. Realme started with the brand for masses and in premium segment, the pitch is not about offering more for less but about standing out distinctively,” Faisal Kawoosa, Founder and Chief Analyst, techARC told IANS.

To counter the competition, OnePlus is likely to leverage its brand image to the fullest. “At the same time, OnePlus needs to work towards building an ecosystem-level approach to not only keep the existing user base intact but also acquire new users,” said Pathak.

Apple is also reportedly planning to launch a new smartphone in the very same category which may be called wither iPhone SE 2 or iPhone 9. Apple reached a record 75.6 per cent market share in the fourth quarter of 2019 in India and the credit goes to the stellar performance of iPhone 11 and price drop on previous generation models.

OnePlus
The sudden push by the smartphone makers in the Rs 30,000 and above price segment in India is tantamount to the fact that this segment is the next growth arena and current market leader OnePlus will have to devise new strategies to counter new brands. Wikimedia Commons

According to the International Data Corporation (IDC), in the premium ($500 or Rs 36,000 and above) segment, Apple reached a record 75.6 per cent market share. According to Navkendar Singh, Research Director, IDC India, while the first half of 2019 was relatively slower for Apple, it managed to find growth in the second half.

“It happened on the back of price drops on previous generation iphone models (iPhone XR, 7, 8). This, along with affordability schemes like cashbacks, EMIs especially on the e-tailer platforms during festive quarter of Diwali, led to this growth,” Singh told IANS recently.

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All eyes are now on the upcoming OnePlus 8 flagship series, which will decide the fate of the brand’s leadership in the country. (IANS)