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Hashtags of hate: Trending hate in communally volatile UP

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Lucknow: During his interactions at Silicon Valley last month when Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke of social media platforms like Facebook and micro-blogging site Twitter as the new neighbourhoods, little did he know that in Uttar Pradesh, the state that sent him to parliament, this neighbourhood was fast turning fatally dangerous.

Statistics available with the state police suggest this as more and more communal flashpoints in the state over the past one year have been triggered by inflammatory posts, pictures and videos on social networking sites.

From the picture of a slaughtered cow in Dhaka to open requests to collect and stockpile weapons to protect the community, various posts doing the rounds on Facebook, Twitter and even Whatsapp have endangered the fragile peace in the state and in some instances led to communal clashes and loss of lives and property.

Additional Director General of Police (Law and Order) Daljit Chowdhary admitted of the menace being created by such objectionable and inflammatory posts and said that the police were vigilant and acting on everything reported to them. He said that the police, after identifying such elements, were invoking sections 153-A and 295-A of the Indian PeJnal Code (IPC) and the Gangster Act and the National Security Act (NSA) against such people.

Police, however, say that after the Supreme Court struck down the section 66-A, which aided in the arrest of people spreading hatred through computers, their hands have been tied to a large extent. The dangerous proportions that the social media is taking viz-a-viz inciting communal passions can be gauged by the fact that in the last one month, Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav had twice got the police to issue a Whatsapp number to which people can send objectionable posts for action.

And the number is flooded with complaints. In the last fortnight, it has got almost 2,500 complaints, a senior police officer said. A lab in Meerut is monitoring these complaints and the state government has also formed a committee under ADG (Technical Services) R.K. Vishwakarma to keep a tab on the social media. This panel would also have SSP Amit Pathak and IG Special Task Force (STF) Sujit Pandey as its members.

The state police have recently written to Twitter India, seeking the removal of certain tweets that were posted in the aftermath of the Dadri lynching. IG Prakash D informed that the DIG (Meerut), who monitors the special lab, has written to Twitter officials requesting that certain tweets be removed while a case has already been registered against the people who posted them.

The social media lab of the UP police, sources said, has also identified 120 catch words which would be kept under watch in future as they are being used by mischief-makers to spread hatred and communal unrest. And, as the UP police go all out against mischief and rumour mongers on the social media, their fear is not misplaced.

In the past, all major communal flash points in the state had the social media somewhere in the jigsaw. In Saharanpur some time back, a woman had posted a picture of a police sub-inspector who was mowed down by a truck.

She said the cop was run over by the truck driver when he tried to stop the truck that was full of cows being taken for slaughter.

It later transpired that the policeman was killed by people involved in illegal mining.

Similar mischief has been done through the social media’s misuse in Muzaffarnagar in 2013 and in Bahraich, Agra and Lucknow to stoke communal passions. A video on YouTube, shared extensively on social media platforms, had led to the Muzaffarnagar riots that left 63 dead and displaced several thousands.

(Mohit Dubey, IANS)

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Make in India Most Beneficial For Mobile Manufacturers

How mobile manufacturing made the most of 'Make in India'

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Mobile manufacturers
India is today the second-largest mobile phone manufacturer in the world after China. Pixabay

From just two mobile phone manufacturing units in 2014 to 268 mobile handset and accessories manufacturing units in 2019 which has led to 95 per cent of mobile phones sold in the country being produced domestically, the star in India’s “Make in India” story is indeed shining.

In fact, India is today the second-largest mobile phone manufacturer in the world after China. “India has achieved tremendous success in mobile phone and component manufacturing in the last four years with more than 95 per cent of domestic consumption now being produced in India,” Pankaj Mohindroo, Chairman, India Cellular and Electronics Association (ICEA), told IANS.

“Our domestic market viz-a-viz domestic manufacturing is saturated and we have set our sights on a target of Rs 7.7 lakh crore of exports by 2025,” he added. According to a survey conducted by mobile industry body ICEA, the 268 mobile handset and accessories manufacturing units employ about 6.7 lakh people.

Mobile manufacturer
In India, 268 mobile handset and accessories manufacturing units employ about 6.7 lakh people. Pixabay

So today the phones that most Indians hold in their hands are made in India, thanks mainly to schemes such as Modified Special Incentive Package Scheme (M-SIPS) to provide financial incentives across the ESDM value chain to compensate for cost disability in manufacturing and Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC).

Launched in 2012, the M-SIPS, provides capital subsidy of 25 per cent for electronics industry located in non-SEZ (Special Economic Zone) areas and 20 per cent for those in SEZ areas.

The Electronics Manufacturing Clusters (EMC) scheme, which was also launched in 2012, encouraged entities, including state governments, to provide good quality infrastructure within a cluster.

mobile manufacturer
Uttar Pradesh has emerged as the new hub of mobile manufacturing in the country over the past few years. Pixabay

Under the scheme, 50 per cent of the project cost for Greenfield Electronics Manufacturing Clusters and 75 per cent for Brownfield Electronics Manufacturing Clusters is given as grant. Due to the focus on “Make in India” and “Digital India” programmes, Uttar Pradesh has emerged as the new hub of mobile manufacturing in the country over the past few years.

In July 2018, Samsung launched the world’s largest mobile factory in Noida. The new facility was set up with the aim of doubling its capacity for mobile phones in Noida from 68 million units a year to 120 million units a year, in a phase-wise expansion to be completed by 2020.

Besides Samsung, most Chinese smartphone makers which now dominate the Indian market – Xiaomi, Oppo and Vivo — also produce their phones in the country. Apple has already started the assembling of iPhone 7 at its supplier Wistron’s facility in Bengaluru. Production of cellular mobile handsets in volume terms reached 225 million units in 2017-18, as compared to production of 60 million units in 2014-15.

Also Read: Why PM Modi Acted Now on Kashmir?

The National Policy on Electronics 2019 has set the aim of promoting domestic manufacturing and export in the entire value-chain of ESDM (Electronics System Design and Manufacturing) for economic development to achieve a turnover of Rs 26 lakh crore by 2025. This will include targeted production of one billion mobile handsets by 2025, valued at Rs 13 lakh crore, including 600 million mobile handsets valued at Rs 7 lakh crore for export.

India currently has over 450 million smartphone users. The number of smartphone users in the country is expected to reach 859 million by 2022, according to an ASSOCHAM-PwC joint study. (IANS)