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December 19, 2016: One of the most interesting and celebrated sports all over the world is cricket. Three formats of the game keep the cricket fans busy throughout the year. Test Cricket is one of the oldest forms of cricket, which is played constantly for a period of five days. Whereas, in ODI (one day international) cricket match it is played for a day and both of the teams can play for 50 overs.
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The third format is known as T20 format and is composed of 20 overs only. In the world of cricket, the mega event happens after four years known as World Cup, while the T20 cricket World Cup is played after 2 years.
To those who all just glue to the screen while watching a cricket match and doesn’t really have much an idea about the stadiums, here is the list of top 10 best cricket stadiums in the world:
10. Gaddafi Stadium (Pakistan)
Ranked as the tenth best cricket stadium in the world Gaddafi Stadium situated in Lahore, Pakistan. Its capacity is 60,000 and this is the home of the Pakistan cricket team, the Lahore Lions, and the Lahore Eagles. The 1996 ICC Cricket World Cup final between Australia v/s Sri Lanka was hosted in this stadium. It was won by Sri Lanka. In 2009 when Sri Lanka was playing a test cricket against Pakistan a terrorist attack took place in here. Gaddafi Stadium is waiting for International Stars!
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9. Newlands, Cape Town (South Africa)
Cape Town’s Newlands stadium has hosted some of the great cricket matches. It is considered the beautiful ground in the world as in evening twilight of sunset pouring on the ground and this shows one of the most beautiful cricket sights.
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8. Old Trafford, Manchester (England)
Apart from being categorized among the top ten stadiums in the world Old Trafford, Manchester has also important history behind it. This stadium was established in 1854 and is situated in United Kingdoms. The first ever test match was played here between Australia and England in 1884. This stadium is located just 5 minutes away from the famous football Old Trafford Stadium. Old Trafford is the third ground after Lords and Oval which hosted more test matches in England.
7. The WACA, Perth (Australia)
The WACA, Perth is another well-known ground located in Australia. It is also replete with historic significance. It is famous for its extra bounce and due to its fast bowling track it always favors the fast bowlers and they can perform here magnificently. Brett Lee has enjoyed huge achievements here on this ground. The total capacity of this ground is 24,000.
6. Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney (Australia)
Sydney Cricket ground is in Australia. It is the second beautiful stadium in the list of Top 10 Best Cricket Stadiums in the World. It was established in 1884 and its total capacity is 46,000. This ground is also famous for a notorious event between Andrew Symonds and Harbhajan Singh.
5. The Wanderers, Johannesburg (South Africa)
Johannesburg is situated in South Africa. It holds the record of chasing world’s highest score of 434 by South Africa against Australia. This ground also hosted the first test match between South Africa and England in 1956 and Africa was defeated by the England. It also hosted the World Cup 2003 final match which was played between India and Australia where Australia defeated India.
4. Eden Gardens, Kolkata (India)
A cricket match in Kolkata is no less than a tug of war. The Eden Gardens cricket stadium I Kolkata provides the ideal ground for its germination. After 1934 it has become the center of international cricket when England played a cricket match with India in this stadium. In the list of Top 10 Best Cricket Stadiums in the World this is the second biggest ground in the world after Melbourne cricket ground. The total capacity of the Eden Gardens is nearly about 90,000 and established in 1864. This historic ground witnessed some sort of interesting games in world cricket like in 1987 World Cup match which was played in between Pakistan and India where India won by 2 wickets. There are also some sportsmanship failures in this ground. In 1996 world cup semifinal match was played in between India and Sri Lanka and when Sri Lanka was going to win the match, crowed started throwing stuff in stadium and after that ICC intervened and Sri Lanka won the match.
3. Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) in Melbourne
MCG is the short form of is the Melbourne Cricket Ground and it is considered as largest cricket stadium in the list of Top 10 Best Cricket Stadiums in the world. It was established in 1854 and total capacity of MCG is over 95,000. This stadium hosted the final match of world Cup 1992 which took place between Pakistan and England and the former defeated the later. Melbourne cricket ground is of great importance in the history of cricket because it has hosted the first ever International Test Matches which was played in between Australian and England and the first ever ODI matches in 1971 and against between these two teams. But the interesting thing is that Australians defeated English in both the events.
2. The Oval, Kennington (London)
In the list of Top 10 Best Cricket Stadiums in the World the Oval, Kennington London is also of great significance the Oval has not only performed the hosting responsibilities of cricket events but also played the first ever Football FA final match in this ground. It bears the responsibility of hosting the first test match in England. The total capacity of this ground is 23,500 and first test match was played here in 1880. It is the most beautiful stadium in the world and also hosted too many exciting Ashes test and ODI series in the past. One end of the ground is known as Vauxall end because the Oval is situated near to the Vauxhall Tube station.
1. The Lords, Cricket Ground in (London)
The founder of The Lords, Cricket Ground, London is Thomas Lord. It was founded in 1814. “The Lords” is also called the Home of Cricket. It has remained the center of ICC committee for a long period of time. The first match was played here in 1884. The importance of this ground can easily be judged in the list of Top 10 Best Cricket Stadiums in the World that many final matches of the World Cup have been played here on this ground, like 1975, 1979, 1983 and 1999. This ground is also considered as the home-ground to the Marylebone Cricket Club, and many of the home matches have been played here in the Lords.
– prepared by Saptaparni Goon of NewsGram. Twitter: @saptaparni_goon
Among the Tamil epics written during the Sangam age, only a few survived to this day. Manimegalai is one such. It is written as a sequel to the Sillapadikaram, taking the story forward of Kovalan and Madhavi's daughter, Manimegalai. The Sillapadikaram is about the injustice of the Madurai kingdom in the execution of Kovalan, which turned Kannagi, his wife into a goddess seeking vengeance for her husband's death. Kovalan, before his death, has an affair with a court dancer, Madhavi, and his daughter, Manimegalai, is said to begin a different tradition among the Tamils.
The epic, written by Sattanar, introduces Buddhism to Dravidian culture, something that has been alien to them for years. Manimegalai is the protagonist, who flees constantly from the pursuit of Chola prince Udhayakumara, and tries to lead an ascetic life. Throughout the plot, Buddhist tenets are used to avoid the culmination of a love-story. Manimegalai is believed to be the anti-love story sequel to the Sillapadikaram.
A complete work of Tamil epic written by hand on leaves Image source: wikimedia commons
The Sillapadikaram was written by a Jain monk, Illango Adigal, and Sattanar, uses the sequel to question Jainism. It is almost a political battle between two new religions competing for a place in a predominantly Hindu society. Parts of Manimegalai even go to the extent of opening ridiculing Jain practices and beliefs.
Critics of Tamil literature have stated that while the Tamil epics have great poetic significance, they are inferior to other world epics when it comes to clearly portraying religious affiliations. In fact, they refer to the newer religions with an infant's perspective. Some scholars have found that Sillapadikaram has more ethical substance than its sequel, but in and of itself, despite being written by a Jain monk, reads like Hindu poetry (Subhramanya Aiyar, 1906).
Keywords: Manimegalai, Sillapadikaram, Tamil Epic, Sattanar, Ilango Adigal, Chola kingdom, Sangam Age, Buddhism
The Covid-19 pandemic could act as an inflection point to shift India's growth model from being consumption driven to investments-led. In its Ecoscope report, Motilal Oswal Financial Services, said: "With Covid-19 hurting India's 'Household' (HH) and 'Government' sectors adversely, the continuity of strong consumption growth is in question."
"On the contrary, with listed companies' financial positions improving and an uptick in household investments in the Real Estate sector (called physical savings), the narrative of investment-led recovery is gaining momentum." The report prescribed that various economic participants - households, governments, listed companies, and unlisted corporates -- to increase their fixed asset investments in the immediate future based on their financial position.
The Covid-19 pandemic could act as an inflection point to shift India's growth model from being consumption driven to investments-led. | Photo by Fusion Medical Animation on Unsplash
At present, the listed and unlisted corporate sector accounts for only about half of total investments in India. The 'HH' sector including unincorporated enterprises accounts for 35-40 per cent in India's investments, while the remaining 12-13 per cent is contributed by centre and states governments. Besides, the report cited that demand environment is expected to remain subdued due to weak financial position of 'HH' and government sector.
"Despite household investments picking up strongly in 2HFY21, given that Indian households bore the maximum brunt of Covid-led losses in CY20 (and CY21), we believe household spending would remain subdued over the next few years." It further pointed out that unless 'HH', 'Unlisted Corporate', and government sectors can improve their financial positions -- leading to a demand uptick -- a strong revival in investments seems challenging. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: India, covid, pandemic, growth, household, government, investment
SpaceX and Tesla CEO Elon Musk has said that next time the Dragon spacecraft will have food warmer and free WiFi. Taking to Twitter, the crew of Inspiration4 shared a checklist of things they have been enjoying while orbiting safely around the Earth.
"Can't believe we're eating cold pizza in space. It's extraordinary!" Inspiration4 tweeted. In response, Musk apologised for the cold food, saying: "Sorry, it was cold! Dragon will have food warmer and free WiFi next time."
Inspiration4 Crew | Wikimedia Commons
After lifting off for space, SpaceX's Inspiration4, the first all-civilian crew, is healthy, happy and doing well in the orbit, the company said recently. The mission lifted off at 8.02 p.m. (EDT) on Wednesday (5.30 am IST on Thursday) aboard SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon spacecraft from the historic Launch Complex 39 in NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
It is commanded by tech entrepreneur Jared Isaacman who has been joined by medical officer Haley Arceneaux, a pediatric cancer survivor; Mission Specialist Chris Sembroski, an Air Force veteran and aerospace data engineer; and Mission Pilot Sian Proctor, a geoscientist, entrepreneur and trained pilot. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Elon Musk, SpaceX, Inspiration4, Dragon, Wifi, food