A sore injection site, pain in the injected arm, mild fever, moderate fatigue, headaches, chills, and even diarrhea are symptoms commonly seen after administration of the Covid-19 vaccine. While one may have taken the right step towards protection from the virus, doctors say the post-vaccine symptoms can be managed at home.
According to Sujeet Ranjan, Executive Director of The Coalition for Food and Nutrition Security (CFNS), after vaccination, staying on-site for monitoring is crucial. The healthcare provider should observe you for about 30 minutes after the vaccine is administered to make sure there are no immediate reactions. However, it is extremely rare to have severe health reactions.
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“Fatigue, headache, and body weakness are a few ailments that can be noticed post the vaccination as a few post-vaccine symptoms. Adequate water intake is important to stay hydrated. Alongside proper sleep, a balanced diet, less strenuous exercise, and a low intake of caffeine are recommended. A paracetamol tablet can be taken to reduce the body pain,” says the physician.
“The pain at the local injection site usually resolves within one day, while fever and body ache resolve in 2-3 days. First of all, you should not worry about the side effects and be completely relaxed as these are minor side effects. For pain at the injection site, you can keep a wet cloth (cool) or if necessary some medicines to reduce pain. For fever, you should take antipyretics (medicines to reduce fever) and keep yourself hydrated. You are also advised to rest, in case of fever.
“You should avoid googling about side effects and try to manage it by yourself. We have seen that people panic after reading up on the internet and this leads to irrational and harmful practices. Better to consult a physician. If you have any other side effect, or if the pain persists beyond one day or the fever persists beyond 2-3 days, you need to consult a physician,” said Khan Amir Maroof, Professor, Department of Community Medicine, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital, Delhi.
Keeping a clean wet cloth on the vaccinated arm helps to reduce the pain, swelling, and redness. It also helps to keep the infections at bay, say, doctors. Navneet Kaur, General Physician, Apollo Spectra Nehru Enclave, New Delhi suggests: “Eat anti-inflammatory foods like strawberries, cherries, oranges, mackerel, green vegetables, and nuts after vaccination. Limit your intake of processed and junk food. Remember that a healthy diet will reduce inflammation and strengthen your immune system. Moreover, you will have to get a good night’s sleep and avoid exertion.”
Maroof adds: It takes around two weeks after the second dose for the immunity to develop. Also, the vaccine is not 100 percent effective and so there are some chances of infection (known as breakthrough infection) even after being vaccinated. While opinions on post-vaccine alcohol consumption vary, many doctors are advising a distance from liquor and smoking. Needless to say, compulsory wearing of masks, continuous washing of hands, and maintaining social distancing should still be followed. These side effects should not discourage you from taking the second dose. (IANS/SP)