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By- Khushi Bisht
India is divided into 29 states, each of which has a lively history, culture, and heritage dating back to the dawn of human civilization. India's rich history and culture are unrivaled, and the nation's unity in diversity continues to inspire the rest of the globe. We'll look at the history and mythology of several of India's southern states in this article.
Odisha boasts an illustrious 2000-year-old history and culture. It possesses India's widest range of tribal groups. These have made a significant contribution to Odisha's cultural heritage. The state used to be called "Kalinga," and it was the majestic center of political authority. Because of this, Malaysians continue to refer to Indians as "Kings." The Angkor Vat temple is a famous architectural example of the Odia legacy on Cambodian temple building
Odisha was the site of a key pivotal moment in global history. In 261 B.C., the historic Kalinga battle was fought in Odisha, which led Emperor Asoka to abandon violence and adopt Buddhism. Following the battle, he championed the cause of Buddhism and was instrumental in bringing the faith to far-flung lands such as Thailand and Cambodia. Folks from Odisha conquered several areas throughout the world including Thailand, Bali, Java, Vietnam, Sri Lanka, and Sumatra.
The state was a component of Bengal until 1912 and then a part of Bihar until 1936, after passing through the control of the various empires such as the Maratha and the Mughal empire and the British East India Company. On April 1, 1936, the state became a legal entity. It became an independent state in the year 1950 and has remained so ever since.
Andhra Pradesh is a state in India that is proud of its rich history. A look at Andhra Pradesh's history might provide insight into the state's illustrious past. Andhra Pradesh, a large component of Emperor Ashoka's empire, was a prominent Buddhist center at the time. Several sites in the state still exhibit the imprints of Buddhism.
The most magnificent time in the state's past was the reign of Emperor Krishnadevaraya (1509-1529), who ruled over the Vijayanagar Empire, which included all of South India. Following Indian independence, Andhra Pradesh was the first state to be created on the linguistic foundation. Hyderabad became the state's capital, and it is now one of the most technically advanced and powerful metropolises in contemporary India.
Karnataka has an intriguing past. This state in south India has been ruled by several rulers that have impacted its heritage. At various periods in history, it has been conquered by a variety of dynasties. Some of Karnataka's historical dynasties include Kadamba Dynasty, the Western Ganga Dynasty, the Badami Chalukya Dynasty, the Sevuna Dynasty, Vijayanagara Empire, and many others. Karnataka was filled with its own cultural values as a result of the impact of numerous kings and dynasties.
Following the Independence of India, the states were reformed according to language as well as other factors. The Kannada-speaking populace merged to form modern-day Karnataka under the name Mysore. Until 1975, it was controlled by the erstwhile Maharaja of Mysore as its administrator. Mysore was replaced with Karnataka as the state name in 1973.
Kerala's ancient past is hidden in the pages of history. According to prevalent belief, the landmass that makes up the State rose from the bottom of the sea. Lord Vishnu's Brahmin incarnation, Parasurama, has conducted a series of furious battles against the Kshatriyas. There came a time when Parasurama felt regret for the indiscriminate destruction he had caused. Atop the high peaks, he gave harsh atonement.
The sage hurled his enormous axes into the center of the far sea, in a state of intense penance. The waves frothed just as a prawn-shaped territory spanning from Gokarna to Kanyakumari rose from the deepest part of the ocean to establish the State, earning it the moniker "God's Own Country."
Goa, formerly recognized as Gomanchala, Gopakapuri, Gopakapattam, and other names, has a remarkable historical past. Goa's early past remains a mystery. The Satavahana empire ruled Goa in the 1st century CE, which was followed by numerous more empires. In 1542, the Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier arrived in Goa and began proselytizing. Except for a brief period in the latter part of the seventeenth century when Shivaji captured a few regions in and around the state, the Portuguese remained to govern the province.
Goa remained under Portuguese control even after India gained freedom. They were unable to meet the expectations of the Goan population, and on December 19, 1961, Goa was freed and merged with Daman and Diu to form a compound union territory. Goa was granted statehood on May 30, 1987, while Daman and Diu were designated as a distinct union territory.
The city of Delhi has seen it all; from sultanate rule, to dynasties, and to colonial rule. From monarchy to democracy, Delhi has gone through its phases. But, in order to know and explore the nuances of Delhi, you must read these beautiful books.
1. City of Djinns: A Year in Delhi by William Dalrymple
This book was written while Dalrymple was still flirting with his love for the Medieval India. The author writes, "Moreover the city- so I soon discovered- possessed a bottomless seam of stories: tales receding far beyond history, deep into the cavernous chambers of myth and legend," and just like this, Dalrymple takes you in a tour to discover Discover Delhi.
2. Delhi by Heart: Impressions of a Pakistani Traveller by Raza Rumi
This book explores how the author explores his identity as a South Asian Muslim and how his city of Lahore is a mirror image of Delhi. Rumi, in this book, tries to co-relate the past with the present by comparing its festivals, streets, and markets.
3. Delirious Delhi: Inside India's Incredible Capital by DavePrager
This book is quite interesting. The story of this book revolves around the lives of Dave and Jenny who have recently moved to Delhi when their firm began to go down. The city of Delhi in this book is shown through their eyes as they try to make their way in the city that holds together a very large population.
4. The Heart has its Reasons by Krishna Sobti, Translated by Reema Anand, Meenakshi Swami
The original title of this book is "Dil - o - Danish". This book tells the reader about the streets of Old Delhi and almost transport the reader back in the past. This book is basically set in the 1920's, and tells the tale of a man's extramarital affair, his children out of wedlock, black magic, and Chandni Chowk's rich culture of sweets and the perils of being a widow. Interestingly, many have compared the author of this book to Jane Austen.
5. Delhi: A Novel by Khushwant Singh
Who would talk about Delhi and not remember Khushwant Singh? This amazing book is just like a narrative of the author's fulfilled love affair with the city and with a eunuch. The narrator in this book is an aging man who is trying to discover the city. This book is truly a masterpiece, where it takes the readers on the history of Delhi glimpsing at what makes the city what it is– simply beautiful.
There are some of the Indian cities which are older than time. Therefore, we must know which cities are they, and what has been their history!
1. Varanasi (1200 BC–)
Varanasi is one of the oldest cities of India, and has been a center of religious and cultural activity since the Bronze Age. In fact, this city might have been in existence from a very long time, since it finds mention in the Rig Veda. It is believed that the city of Varanasi was thriving for more than 1600 years before the fall of the Roman Empire in Europe. This city is one of the holiest places for Hindus and Jains, and even Lord Buddha gave his very first sermon here in 528 BC. In Hinduism, it is believed that dying in Varanasi brings salvation, which is the reason why the city is always brimming with pilgrims.
2. Ujjain (700/600 BC–)
Ujjain was once considered as one of the most prominent cities in the Middle India. In fact, the name of this city is repeatedly mentioned in the literature of that period, i.e. in the works of stalwarts like Kālidāsa. This city has seen the rise and fall of numerous empires, from the Mauryas to the Avantis, Nandas, and even the Guptas. This city, just like Varanasi, is also considered as one of the holiest cities in India, and hosts one of the officially recognized Kumbh melas, the Ujjain Simhastha Kumbh, in which people across the world take place.
3. Madurai (500 BC–)
Madurai been a major center of culture and trade for more than 2500 years. In fact, the name of this city has been mentioned in the writings of the great traveler, Megasthenes, and has been ruled by several empires from the Pandyas and the Cholas to the Karnata, and finally the British. Interestingly, ‘'Koodal,' was one of its ancient name which means 'a congregation of learned men'. There is no doubt that Madurai was an epicenter of scholars and religious teachers in the southern part of India.
4. Thanjavur (300 BC–)
Thanjavur was formerly known as Tanjore. This city is pretty famous for its Tanjore style of painting, which is a traditional style that is characterised by the use of gold foil, religious imagery, and simple compositions. This city is best known for being the home of the Great Living Chola Temples, which is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Till date, people across the world visit this place in order to experience its rich history and heritage.
By- Digital Hub
I prefer synthetic wigs as it isn't something that I would wear all the time - just when I look different. Additionally, their ease of use is an essential factor for me. However, suppose you're looking to wear a wig for a fashionable accessory or as a way for you to show your personality. In that case, I'd recommend buying multiple synthetic wigs of various styles and colors instead of only the one human hair wig at the same amount. However, be cautious - only purchase top-quality synthetic braids that are more expensive as you might be disappointed by the new style you've chosen.
Synthetic Vs Human Hair Wigs
A decent human hair wig will cost more than one made of synthetic. This is due to the supply of hair. While synthetic fibers are produced as needed, but long hair of women of good quality is in scarce supply. Human hair of the highest quality comes that comes from Eastern Europe, which is very low. The highest synthetic wigs are afro short wigs If you are looking for a human hair wig, the cost is more expensive and usually exceeds five hundred dollars, contingent upon the size. But you can find both kinds of wigs at a discount price from online stores that specialize in discount hair wigs. Cheap wigs aren't at any time inferior in quality; they're just not the latest models. If price is a concern, you should always purchase a high-quality synthetic wig instead of a low-quality human hair wig.
Require a Wig
If you're not sure of which wig you should pick, However, our suggestion is to choose the highest-quality human hair wig, especially if you plan to make it your style of the moment and wear it all day. Human hair wigs are the best choice for those who require a wig due to loss of hair. However, go for an artificial wig if you want to enjoy the way you look and change your appearance now and then.
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In today's society, the wearing of a hair wig has become more common. A hair wig is an easy method to alter your appearance at any time you wish quickly. Women are more drawn to these wigs since they can change their hairstyle with ease. Wigs are usually worn by those who have shed their hair or those who wish to alter their hairstyle to be fashionable.
Human hair wigs on display at a store Image source: Photo by Markus Spiske on Unsplash
There is a variety of hair accessories in the market. They range from inexpensive to costly depending on their materials, style, and quality. If you're in search of a wig, then be sure to keep several factors in mind. First, the wig should be able to fit comfortably on your hair without making you appear odd. Additionally, the color of hair that is a part of the wig must match your physical appearance. Below are various hair accessories utilized by the majority of people.
If you are purchasing a human hair wig, make sure you know the origin of the hair. If you're looking to invest a few hundreds of dollars on a wig, it's recommended to purchase one of European hair. However, if the wig's label reads "human hair wig" without stating the origin for the hair, it's most likely made of Asian hair.
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Human hair wigs have many advantages:
Human hair wigs last longer than synthetic ones
Human hair is soft and natural to the touch.
Human hair wigs can be dyed and styled as your hair
Human hair wigs "breathes" and your scalp won't sweat more than it does under one
Human hair wigs need to be styled at least once per wash
Human hair wigs are costly
While you can find numerous styles of synthetic wigs, but there aren't all fibers produced in the same way; for example, wigs that are costume-related for Halloween are typically made of lower quality fibers, which are expensive and appear to be the hair wig. For Halloween parties, this is okay, but for everyday use, you'll need a wig that looks like it's been growing around your head. On the other hand, contemporary synthetic materials utilized in top-quality designer wigs look highly practical for those who want to look realistic.
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