Saturday February 16, 2019

How Hinduism has found its place in a land that holds the highest seat of Christianity

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By Edoardo Lisi

Rome, despite being the highest seat of Christianity, is a centre of confluence between several cultures and religions. Walking around the streets one can admire an impressive variety of nationalities. While some are tourists, others are emigrants who migrated from their respective countries for different reasons.

In this huge “melting pot” religions do not represent an exception.

Especially in Rome people from different faiths including Christians, Muslims, Hindus have learned to live in harmony. Hinduism, thanks to its essence, is the religion that better adapts to this (inevitable) coexistence. According to the latest regional statistics, around seven thousand Indians live in the Italian capital with a regular permission.

The question, however, is: How do Indians feel about the privations that they are subjected to as a foreign faith while trying to “find a place” in a land so strongly influenced by Christianity?

What is their approach towards this new reality?”

The “Temple of Kalimandir”, one of the most important sacred places dedicated to the celebration of Shiva and Kali, is a perfect starting point to decipher crucial answers for these questions. Located in the middle of district Casal Lumbroso and surrounded by an amusing green garden, the temple stands out as an authentic meeting point for pilgrims from different religions.

The temple was constructed by  Yogi Krishnanath, an Italian academic specialized in Hinduism who was moved by the passion for this ancient religion, and subsequently dedicated his life to a humanitarian mission.

Around the temple, the devotees of different religions can aggregate and share a common place while spending a good time between delectable dishes and pleasing songs, and learn to live together in harmony. The temple is open to believers in every kind of God. Indians of all ages are happy to share stories about their everyday life in a country characterized by the predominance of  the Christian religion.

“Episodes of religious intolerance or discrimination against Indians perpetrated by Christians are rare. There is a mutual respect between us. Unfortunately, I can not say the same about Muslims.” a smiling middle aged man called Vir said.

In fact, some times the coexistence between Muslims and Hindus becomes so complicated, motivated mainly by historical reasons and fueled by alcohol related abuse and mockeries, that fights break out in the streets.

A young Indian woman called Amita opened my eyes to the main problems that emigrants face while trying to find their place in a country as diverse as Italy.

“I would love to turn my illegal-immigrant status into a regular one, in order to obtain the same rights and perform the same duties as other citizens. I work as maid in an Italian family, but do not have a regular contract”, Amita said.

In this context, the Italian bureaucracy demonstrates an abysmal gap. The process to obtain the residency permit is hard and long, consisting of  “Hellish” procedures to comply with and countless documents to fill in. The consequence is that, while honest Italians try to obtain regular permission for their workers, often without succeeding, the Italian criminals take advantage of the situation.

Newspapers abound with stories of “Mafiosi groups” or “individuals” (I am not brave enough to define them, but in essence they use their privileged position against a desperate human being asking for help) who try to rent illegal hovels or sell fake residency permits.

The last documented episode dates back to March last year when three Italian brothers built a rent-racket which guaranteed six hundred euros a month for every decadent and narrow hovel that they possessed. Charges were made against the criminal association by some Indians who were being oppressed by criminals.

Two years ago, the Roman police arrested a middle-aged Italian crook for swindling an Indian woman for seven thousand euros. The man was offering fake work certification which is required to obtain a regular permit, in return for the money.

According to the latest regional statistics, around seven thousand Indians possess a residency permit in the city of Rome. Most of them work in the restaurant industry preparing mouth-watering dishes which are highly appreciated in Italy.

On a fine sunny day, I had the opportunity to report one among the thousand testimonies of peaceful coexistence between Christians and Hindus.

“We are neighbors in the quarter “Esquilino”, one of the most intercultural zones in the capital, but first of all we are friends”, reported a refined Italian lady arm-in-arm with a smiling Indian woman.

“I am Christian and she is Hindu, but the differences should not present reasons for hate and discrimination. On the contrary we should approach “the other”  person with an open mind and a healthy attitude”, she exclaimed.

I learned a lot about Indian culture and religion from Leela’s words. I cannot explain with better words the essence of the word “cohabitation”. While some Italian politics, based on cliché and stereotypes, confound ignorant people in order to foment “hate” towards the other nationality, such instances demonstrate the complete irrationality of debates which end with the exaltation of discrimination.

Stories like these demonstrate the propensity of mankind to embrace and respect  “strangers”.  In some cases the embrace flows into a mutual exchange of knowledge.

A complete and peaceful coexistence can materialize by blending different cultures with the Italian way of life.

Next Story

Westerners Adopt Indian Practices, Deny Giving Due Credits

There is an argument by some Hindu liberals thinking “what the problem in it”? They think our knowledge is globalized by West in the same way we consume inventions of the West. But it’s a very naïve argument.

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Its time Indians in general and Hindus in particular should be vigilant and should have an academic mind set to respond to such misadventures to protect our own heritage and Dharma. Hindu Council Of Australia

By Shashi Holla (WA) and Surinder Jain

Colonial or a white supremacy mind set may be clever enough to adopt Hindu practices but denies giving credit where it is due. Stealing Hindu Intellectual Property, they do not hesitate to rename and repackage so that they can sell it back to India for immense profits. Off course, they will leave no chance to tell Indians to stop their superstitious ways and to adopt the new scientific knowledge which “they” have “invented”.

Following has been already digested or appropriated by West. Some of the Western academics don’t believe that they belong to India.

Yoga Nidra   AS  Lucid Dreaming

Nadi Shodhana AS Alternate Nostrils Breathing

Vipassana  AS Mindfulness.

The latest addition to this list is

Pranamyam AS Cardiac Coherence Breathing

Several researchers have reported that pranayama techniques are beneficial in treating a range of stress-related disorders.[29] But the latest attempt has taken the appropriation too far. An American magazine “Scientific American” in its article titled “Proper Breathing Brings Better health” termed “Pranayama” as cardiac coherence breathing. (15 January 2019). The article gives us an idea about how West is so sophisticated in stealing knowledge from ancient cultures particularly Hinduism.

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Man doing Yoga. Wikimedia Commons

Prāṇāyāma is mentioned in verse 4.29 of the Bhagavad Gītā.[11] According to Bhagavad-Gītā As It Is, prāṇāyāma is translated to “trance induced by stopping all breathing”, also being made from the two separate Sanskrit words, prāṇa and āyām.[12] Pranayama is the fourth “limb” of the eight limbs of Ashtanga Yoga mentioned in verse 2.29 in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali.[14][15] Patanjali, a Hindu Rishi, discusses his specific approach to pranayama in verses 2.49 through 2.51, and devotes verses 2.52 and 2.53 to explaining the benefits of the practice.[16] Many yoga teachers advise that pranayama should be part of an overall practice that includes the other limbs of Patanjali’s Raja Yoga teachings, especially Yama, Niyama, and Asana.[18]

“Pranayama” a department of Yogic science practiced and documented 5000 years back ( even 15,000 years back) by Rishis is not even acknowledged by the author of the article. If one read the article they vaguely suggest that breathing exercises also existed in China, Hindu and in Greek culture.  This is how appropriation of ancient techniques takes place by West.  As Sankrat Sanu an entrepreneur, researcher and writer put it in his tweet “after erasing the origin they claim it as their own invention, attack original traditions as Superstition”.

As famous Indian American Author Rajiv Malhotra summarizes: “The article standardizes cardiac coherence breathing as Chinese, Hindu, Greek and various traditions as equal origins, and then modern West turns it into science”. Its time Indians in general and Hindus in particular should be vigilant and should have an academic mind set to respond to such misadventures to  protect our own heritage and Dharma.

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The article standardizes cardiac coherence breathing as Chinese, Hindu, Greek and various traditions as equal origins, and then modern West turns it into science”.  Pixabay

There is an argument by some Hindu liberals thinking “what the problem in it”? They think our knowledge is globalized by West in the same way we consume inventions of the West. But it’s a very naïve argument. West has created an eco system and mechanism in which their knowledge system is Well protected and patented by international norms. Unless West does not give a new name and fits into their framework native wisdom is not recognized in academia and media. Whereas Hindus were generous in sharing their health techniques freely from millennium never thought they will struggle in proving things which belong to them. In fact in a westernized framework of Yoga and other techniques Indian scholars, insiders and practitioners are blatantly ignored. So our own knowledge will be repackaged and exported back to us at an extra price and conditions.

Also Read: Climate Change Will Melt Vast Parts of Himalayas: Study

Many of our practices are being called to be Biofeedback systems. According to WikipediaBiofeedback systems have been known in India and some other countries for millennia. Ancient Hindu practices like yoga and Pranayama (breathing techniques) are essentially biofeedback methods. Many yogis and sadhus have been known to exercise control over their physiological processes. In addition to recent research on Yoga, Paul Brunton, the British writer who travelled extensively in India, has written about many cases he has witnessed. (Hindu Council Of Australia)