Wednesday July 18, 2018

An Initiative For Population Control and Child’s Welfare on ‘World Population Day’

Emphasizing the need for population control and the significance of The World Population Day

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population control
FOGSI and IMA come together to discuss birth control measures. VOA
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  • FOGSI in collaboration with IMA discuss the changing patterns of contraception
  • Population control and the need for a proper family planning
  • An initiative to discuss intricate relationship between family planning and development of the nation

New Delhi, July 12, 2017: Emphasizing the significance of 11th July as World Population Day, 242 societies induced by the Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI) came together with 3 lakh doctors of the Indian Medical Association (IMA) to discuss about the shifting pattern of contraception methods available today. Their motto was to empower people by spreading awareness among them about the varied ways of family planning and thus the development of the nation, as reported by ANI.

Samaj Swasthya, a magazine started by Raghunath Dhondo Karve as early as 1927. In it, he discussed society’s well-being as a consequence of population control. He argued for every women’s control over their own lives through the path of birth control.

According to ‘Vision FP 2020’, a proper family planning can keep at bay 2.39 crore births and 42,000 maternal deaths by 2020. This will, in turn, lead to an even dispersion of hygiene, nutrition and will help to eliminate malnutrition, poverty and deaths by starvation.

Also Read: World Population Day: Is it time to control population explosion in India?

Padma Shri Awardee Dr K K Aggarwal, National President Indian Medical Association and President Heart Care Foundation of India and Dr RN Tandon – Honorary Secretary General IMA, on this opportunity speaks about the significance of the knowledge that people should have at their disposal about “the varied and effective contraception choices”. Irreversible tubectomy, reversible long-acting spacing methods of contraception such as the intrauterine device among others. He discussed at length about injectable contraceptives. Dr Aggarwal aims towards alleviating myths and misconceptions about contraceptives and also create awareness on safe family planning methods.

Population control
Contraceptive pills. VOA

India is ranked 2nd in the category of world’s most populated countries with most of the women not being fully educated on contraception usages and importances.

Dr Rishma Dhillon Pai – President and Dr Hrishikesh D Pai – Secretary General, Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI) in a joint statement shared, “In 2015, over 7 lakh abortions were recorded, which resulted from unwanted pregnancies – as an outcome of the unmet need for contraceptives”. India is in dire need of family planning services

“Our aim is to keep the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of the Indian population to 2.1. Out of 36 states and Union territories of India, 24 of them have already achieved the TFR of 2.1 or less.” contends SK Sikdar, Deputy Commissioner and HOD, Family planning division of Union Health Ministry.

– prepared by Puja Sinha of NewsGram. Twitter @pujas1994

 

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New male birth control pill found safe and effective

All participants passed safety tests, including markers of liver and kidney function, the study said

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Male contraceptives proved safe and effective.
  • Researchers have found oral contraceptive for males
  • The experiment has been successful
  • The pills are effective and successful in their operation

In a major step forward in the development of a once-daily “male pill”, researchers have found an experimental oral contraceptive to be safe in men with hormone responses consistent with effective contraception.

The findings presented at the Endocrine Society’s annual meeting in Chicago showed that the new pill — called dimethandrolone undecanoate, or DMAU — appears to be safe when used daily for a month.

The pills are effective with no harmful effects. Wikimedia commons

Like the pill for women, DMAU combines activity of an androgen (male hormone) like testosterone, and a progestin, and is taken once a day, said the study’s senior investigator, Stephanie Page, Professor of Medicine at the University of Washington in Seattle.

“Many men say they would prefer a daily pill as a reversible contraceptive, rather than long-acting injections or topical gels, which are also in development,” Page pointed out.

Progress toward a male birth control pill has been stymied because, according to Page, available oral forms of testosterone may cause liver inflammation, and they clear the body too quickly for once-daily dosing, thus requiring two doses a day.

Also Read: Injectable Male Contraceptive likely to Lower Unwanted Pregnancies

However, DMAU contains undecanoate, a long-chain fatty acid, which Page said slows this clearance. The study included 100 healthy men between ages 18 and 50 years. The investigators tested three different doses of DMAU — 100, 200, and 400 milligrams, or mg.

A total of 83 men completed the study, including giving blood samples for hormone and cholesterol testing on the first and last day of the study.

At the highest dose of DMAU tested, 400 mg, participants showed “marked suppression” of levels of their testosterone and two hormones required for sperm production. The low levels, Page said, were consistent with effective male contraception shown in longer-term studies.

These pills are revolutionary in the world of contraceptives.

“Despite having low levels of circulating testosterone, very few subjects reported symptoms consistent with testosterone deficiency or excess,” Page said.

All groups taking DMAU did have weight gain and decreases in HDL (high-density lipoprotein, or “good”) cholesterol, both of which Page said were mild.

All participants passed safety tests, including markers of liver and kidney function, the study said. “These promising results are unprecedented in the development of a prototype male pill,” Page said. “Longer term studies are currently underway to confirm that DMAU taken every day blocks sperm production,” she added. IANS