Monday January 22, 2018

India among 14 nations to train students on climate change

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Washington: The White House today informed that India, France, China and Britain are among 14 countries who will train students on climate change and its impacts on health.

From these 14 countries, 48 medical, public health and nursing schools committed to give training to their students. This put the total number of schools in the world teaching climate change to 118, said the White House.

In India, two centers of Indian Institute of Public Health, including one in Bhubaneshwar, have taken up this objective.

The White House will make an official announcement in this regard on the sidelines of the ongoing Paris Climate Summit.

The present decision to train students on climate change is an expansion of a previous initiative towards this end. The White House said that US President Barrack Obama is committed to this global challenge, which needs a global response.

The 14 additional countries joining the move are Australia, Canada, China, Grenada, Ecuador, Finland, France, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

A Global Consortium on Climate and Health Education will be formed to implement the working of the Health Educators Climate Commitment, as would soon be announced by the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, which is helping in recruiting peer institutions.

The Consortium will also act as a forum, through which, schools around the world dealing with health and medicine would be able to share scientific and educational knowledge and practices; develop a curriculum and core knowledge set; and work on ways to develop academic partnerships on a global platform to support professional health training, especially in countries which are under-resourced, said the White House.

Climate change cannot be ignored anymore as a concern for the future generation, and all nations must work together towards this issue as none are immune to its effects. This is what the Paris talks on climate change are all about, it asserted.

“Today’s commitments reinforce not only how vast the impacts of climate change are, but also the opportunity to join together and address this problem,” it said.

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Climate change can have an effect on the taste of the wines

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Climate change can have an effect on the taste of the wine
Climate change can have an effect on the taste of the wine. wikimedia commons

New York, Jan 3, 2018: Although winegrowers seem reluctant to try new grape varieties apparently to protect the taste of the wines, new research suggests that they will ultimately have to give up on their old habit as planting lesser-known grape varieties might help vineyards to counteract some of the effects of climate change.

vineyards. wikimedia commons

“It’s going to be very hard, given the amount of warming we’ve already committed to… for many regions to continue growing the exact varieties they’ve grown in the past,” said study co-author Elizabeth Wolkovich, Assistant Professor at Harvard University.

“With continued climate change, certain varieties in certain regions will start to fail — that’s my expectation,” she said.

The study, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, suggests that wine producers now face a choice — proactively experiment with new varieties, or risk suffering the negative consequences of climate change.

“The Old World has a huge diversity of wine grapes — there are overplanted 1,000 varieties — and some of them are better adapted to hotter climates and have higher drought tolerance than the 12 varieties now making up over 80 per cent of the wine market in many countries,” Wolkovich said.

“We should be studying and exploring these varieties to prepare for climate change,” she added.

Unfortunately, Wolkovich said, convincing wine producers to try different grape varieties is difficult at best, and the reason often comes down to the current concept of terroir.

Terroir is the notion that a wine’s flavour is a reflection of where which and how the grapes were grown.

Thus, as currently understood, only certain traditional or existing varieties are part of each terroir, leaving little room for change.

The industry — both in the traditional winegrowing centres of Europe and around the world — faces hurdles when it comes to making changes, Wolkovich said.

In Europe, she said, growers have the advantage of tremendous diversity.

They have more than 1,000 grape varieties to choose from. Yet strict labelling laws have created restrictions on their ability to take advantage of this diversity.

For example, just three varieties of grapes can be labelled as Champagne or four for Burgundy.

Similar restrictions have been enacted in many European regions – all of which force growers to focus on a small handful of grape varieties.

“The more you are locked into what you have to grow, the less room you have to adapt to climate change,” Wolkovich said.

New World winegrowers, meanwhile, must grapple with the opposite problem — while there are few, if any, restrictions on which grape varieties may be grown in a given region, growers have little experience with the diverse — and potentially more climate change adaptable — varieties of grapes found in Europe, the study said.

Just 12 varieties account for more than 80 per cent of the grapes grown in Australian vineyards, Wolkovich said.

More than 75 per cent of all the grapes grown in China is Cabernet Sauvignon — and the chief reason why has to do with consumers.

“They have all the freedom in the world to import new varieties and think about how to make great wines from a grape variety you’ve never heard of, but they’re not doing it because the consumer hasn’t heard of it,” Wolkovich said. (IANS)

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